A propensity-score matched analysis on the impact of postoperative atrial fibrillation on the early and late outcomes after concomitant aortic valve replacement and coronary artery bypass graft surgery

Akshat Saxena, William Y Shi, Ashvin Paramanathan, Pradyumna V Herle, Diem Thi Thuy Dinh, Julian Anderson Smith, Christopher Michael Reid, Gilbert Shardey, Andrew E Newcomb

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BACKGROUND: Postoperative atrial fibrillation (POAF) is a known complication of cardiac surgery. There is a paucity of data on the effects of POAF on short-term and long-term outcomes after concomitant aortic valve replacement and coronary artery bypass grafting (AVR-CABG ). METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed data on patients without preexisting arrhythmia who underwent isolated first-time AVR-CABG between June 2001 and December 2009 using the Australasian Society of Cardiac and Thoracic Surgeons National Cardiac Surgery Database Program. Preoperative characteristics, early postoperative outcomes and late survival were compared between patients who developed POAF and those who did not. Propensity score matching was performed to account for the differences between the two groups. RESULTS: Isolated AVR-CABG surgery was performed in 2028 patients without preexisting arrhythmias at 18 Australian institutions, of whom 894 (44.1 ) developed POAF. POAF patients were generally older (mean age, 75 vs. 73 years, P24h), multisystem failure and readmission within 30 days of surgery (all P
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)199 - 206
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Cardiovascular Medicine
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2014

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