A pilot study of high-adsorption hemofiltration in human septic shock

Michael Haase, William Silvester, Shigehiko Uchino, Donna Goldsmith, Piers Davenport, Peter Tipping

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38 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: To compare the hemodynamic and biological effects of high-adsorption continuous veno-venous hemofiltration (CVVH) with standard CVVH in septic shock. Methods: In a randomized cross-over clinical trial twelve patients with septic shock and multiple organ failure were enrolled at a tertiary intensive care unit. Patients were allocated to either 9 hours of high-adsorption hemofiltration (CVVH with 3 hourly filter change using AN69 hemofilters - 3F-CVVH) or 9 hours of standard hemofiltration (CVVH without filter change - 1F-CVVH). Results: Changes in hemodynamic variables, dose of noradrenaline required to maintain a mean arterial pressure greater than 75 mmHg and plasma concentrations of cytokines (IL-6, IL-8, IL-10 and IL-18) were measured. A 9-hour period of 3F-CVVH was associated with greater reduction in noradrenaline dose than a similar period of 1F-CVVH (median reduction: 16 vs. 3.5 I?g/min, p=0.036; median percentage reduction: 48.1 vs. 17.5 p=0.028). Unlike 1F-CVVH, 3F-CVVH was associated with a reduction in the plasma concentration of IL-6, IL-10 and IL-18 at 9 hours and a significant decrease 30 minutes after additional filter changes (IL-6: p
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)108 - 117
Number of pages10
JournalInternational Journal of Artificial Organs
Volume30
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2007

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