A pilot randomized controlled comparison of extended daily dialysis with filtration and continuous veno-venous hemofiltration: Fluid removal and hemodynamics

Ian Baldwin, R. Bellomo, T. Naka, B. Koch, N. Fealy

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Abstract

Objectives: Extended intermittent dialytic techniques are increasingly being reported in the treatrnent of ARF in the ICU but few randomized controlled trials exist. We compared one such technique to a technique of continuous renal replacement therapy with regard to fluid removal and hemodynamics. Methods: Sixteen critically ill patients with ARF were enrolled in a randomized controlled trial at the ICU of a tertiary hospital. We randomized eight patients to three consecutive days of treatment with either Extended Daily Dialysis with filtration (EDDf) or Continuous Veno-Venous Hemofiltration (CVVH) and compared fluid removal and hemodynamics during treatment. Results: A total of 16.6 liters of fluid were removed during EDDf (830 mL/day over 20 treatment days) compared with 15.4 liters (700 ml/day over 22 treatment days) during CVVH. Median fluid removal per day was 1837 mL in the EDDf group compared with 1410 mL per day in the CVVH group, p=0.674. Median hourly fluid removal rate was 252 mL for EDDf and 128 mL for CVVH (p<0.01). Mean arterial pressure in the EDDf group was lower at two hours after starting treatment (76 mmHg vs. 94 mmHg) in the CVVH group; p=0.031. There was no significant difference between groups for heart rate, CVP and noradrenaline dose at all time intervals measured. Conclusions: Adequate prescribed fluid removal was achieved with both techniques. However, as expected, fluid was removed at a faster rate during EDDf. This was initially associated with a lower blood pressure than during CVVH where blood pressure increased.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1083-1089
Number of pages7
JournalInternational Journal of Artificial Organs
Volume30
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2007
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Acute renal failure
  • Daily dialysis
  • Hemofiltration
  • Intensive care unit

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