A pilot, feasibility, randomised controlled trial of midodrine as adjunctive vasopressor for low-dose vasopressor-dependent hypotension in intensive care patients: The MAVERIC study

Rahul Costa-Pinto, Zhen Ti Yong, Fumitaka Yanase, Chelsea Young, Alastair Brown, Andrew Udy, Paul J. Young, Glenn Eastwood, Rinaldo Bellomo

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Purpose: To assess the feasibility and physiological efficacy of adjunctive midodrine in patients with vasopressor-dependent hypotension. Materials and methods: This was a pilot, open label, randomised controlled trial. Patients were enrolled from two tertiary intensive care units on low dose intravenous vasopressor therapy for more than 24 h. We randomly assigned patients to receive either adjunctive midodrine (10 mg every 8 h) or usual care. The primary efficacy outcome was time to cessation of intravenous vasopressor therapy. Secondary outcomes included protocol compliance, ICU and hospital length of stay. Results: We screened 381 patients over 22-months and enrolled 62 (32 in midodrine group, 30 in usual care group). Median time to cessation of vasopressor infusion was 16.5 h for midodrine vs 19 h for usual care (p = 0.22). Time in ICU (50 [25.50, 74.00] hours for midodrine v 59 [38.50, 93.25] hours for usual care, p = 0.14) and hospital length of stay (9 days vs. 7.5 days, p = 0.92) were similar. Protocol compliance was 96.9%. One patient ceased midodrine early due to symptomatic bradycardia. Conclusions: Adjunctive midodrine therapy was feasible with acceptable compliance, duration of therapy, and safety profile. However, at the chosen dose, there was no evidence of physiological or clinical efficacy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)166-171
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Critical Care
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2022


  • Midodrine
  • Oral vasopressor
  • Refractory hypotension
  • Vasopressor weaning

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