A phase II study of sorafenib in combination with bicalutamide in patients with chemotherapy-naive castration resistant prostate cancer

Emma Kate Beardsley, Sebastian J Hotte, Scott A North, Susan L Ellard, Eric W Winquist, Christian Kollmannsberger, Som Dave Mukherjee, Kim N Chi

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35 Citations (Scopus)


Purpose The objective of this trial was to evaluate the clinical effects of sorafenib, a multi-targeted kinase inhibitor, in combination with androgen receptor blockade in patients with castration-resistant prostate cancer. Methods This was a multicenter, two-stage, phase 2 trial. Eligible patients had rising PSA, minimal symptoms and were chemotherapy-naive. Sorafenib 400 mg twice daily was administered with bicalutamide 50 mg once daily on a 28-day cycle. The primary endpoint was PSA response (=50 decline) or stable disease =6 months. Results 39 patients were enrolled including eight without clinical evidence of metastases. Eighteen (47 ) patients have had either a PSA response or stable disease =6 months. PSA declines of =50 occurred in 12 (32 ) of 38 assessable patients, including seven of 27 patients (26 ) with prior anti-androgen use. Median time to treatment failure was 5.5 months (95 CI=4.8.1-8.3). Grade =3 adverse events included fatigue, skin rash, and hand-foot syndrome. Conclusions PSA declines and stable disease were observed with a combination of sorafenib and bicalutamide including in patients previously progressing on bicalutamide. Strategies to combine multi-targeted kinase inhibitors with hormonal therapies warrant further study in patients with CRPC
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1652 - 1659
Number of pages8
JournalInvestigational New Drugs
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2012
Externally publishedYes

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