Aim To develop a patient derived xenograft (PDX) model of cervical cancer and cervical dysplasia using the subrenal capsule. Methods Cervical cancer (12 Squamous Cell Carcinoma, 1 Adenocarcinoma, 1 Adenosquamous Carcinoma), 7 cervical dysplasia biopsy and normal cervical tissues were transplanted beneath the renal capsule of immunocompromised NOD/SCID/gamma mice. Resulting tumours were harvested and portions serially transplanted into new recipient mice for up to three in vivo passages. Parent and xenograft tumours were examined by immunohistochemistry for p16INK41, HPV, and CD-45. Single cell suspensions of mixed mouse and human, or human only cell populations were also transplanted. Results The overall engraftment rate for the primary cervical cancer PDX model was 71.4 ±12.5% (n = 14). Tumours maintained morphological, histoarchitecture and immunohistochemical features of the parent tumour, and demonstrated invasiveness into local tissues. Single cell suspensions did not produce tumour growth in this model. Mean length of time (32.4 +/-3.5 weeks) for the transplanted tissue to generate a tumour in the animal was similar between successive transplantations. Three of four xenografted cervical dysplasia tissues generated microscopic cystic structures resembling dysplastic cervical tissue. Normal cervical tissue (4 of 5 xenografted) also developed microscopic cervical tissue grafts. Conclusion The subrenal capsule can be used for a PDX model of human cervical cancer with a good engraftment rate and the ability to model in vivo characteristics of cervical cancer. For the first time we have demonstrated that cervical dysplasia and normal cervical tissue generated microscopic tissues in a PDX model.