A Pair-Oriented Requirements Engineering approach for analysing multi-lingual requirements

Massila Kamalrudin, Safiah Sidek, Norsaremah Salleh, John Hosking, John Grundy

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference PaperResearchpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


Requirements written in multiple languages can lead to error-proneness, inconsistency and incorrectness. In a Malaysian setting, software engineers are exposed to both Malay and English requirements. This can be a challenging task for them especially when capturing and analyzing requirements. Further, they face difficulties to model requirements using semi-formal or formal models. This paper introduces a new approach, Pair-Oriented Requirements Engineering (PORE) that uses an Essential Use Case (EUC) model to capture and analyze multi-lingual requirements. This approach is intended to assist practitioners in developing correct and consistent requirements as well as developing teamwork skills. Two quasi-experiment studies involving 80 participants in the first study and 38 participants in a subsequent study were conducted to evaluate the effectiveness of this approach with respect to correctness and time spent in capturing multi-lingual requirements. It was found that PORE improves accuracy and hence helps users perform better in developing high quality requirements models.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationRequirements Engineering
Subtitle of host publicationFirst Asia Pacific Requirements Engineering Symposium, APRES 2014 Auckland, New Zealand, April 28-29, 2014 Proceedings
EditorsDidar Zowghi, Zhi Jin
Place of PublicationBerlin Germany
Number of pages15
ISBN (Electronic)9783662436103
ISBN (Print)9783662436097
Publication statusPublished - 2014
Externally publishedYes
EventAsia Pacific Requirements Engineering Symposium 2014 - Auckland University of Technology (AUT), Auckland, New Zealand
Duration: 28 Apr 201429 Apr 2014
Conference number: 1st

Publication series

NameCommunications in Computer and Information Science
ISSN (Print)1865-0929
ISSN (Electronic)1865-0937


ConferenceAsia Pacific Requirements Engineering Symposium 2014
Abbreviated titleAPRES 2014
CountryNew Zealand
Internet address


  • Analysing Requirements
  • Multi-lingual requirements
  • Pair-Oriented

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