A novel urban congestion pricing scheme considering travel cost perception and level of service

Yifan Chen, Nan Zheng, Hai L. Vu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)


This paper proposes a novel congestion pricing scheme for the metropolitan urban networks where a cumulative prospect theory (CPT) is adopted to quantify the travelers’ degree of satisfaction during their trips. Using the concept of the cumulative prospect values (CPV) in CPT, an area-based congestion price (or toll) is designed to reduce the peak-hour travel demand while taking into account the level of service perceived by the travelers. We demonstrate the effectiveness and efficiency of the proposed pricing scheme via an agent-based simulation for the Melbourne network. Results of the proposed CPV-based distance toll is compared with the flat distance-based toll and bi-direction cordon toll in terms of the network performance, behavioral changes, and social welfare improvement. Promisingly, the proposed CPV-based pricing scheme can reduce the long-distance trips (greater than10 km) inside the congested central business district by over 30% while discourage non-commuting trips during peak hours, making more road resources available to commuting trips. Furthermore, it is found that the proposed CPV-based pricing scheme yields positive savings, where the total time savings outweigh the revenues collected, thus proving its high efficiency and desirability among all the comparative pricing schemes.

Original languageEnglish
Article number103042
Number of pages19
JournalTransportation Research Part C: Emerging Technologies
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2021


  • Activity-based simulation
  • CPV-based congestion pricing
  • Cumulative prospect theory
  • Level of service
  • Network-level toll control

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