A novel process for direct solvent regeneration via solar thermal energy for carbon capture

Rajab Khalilpour, Dia Milani, Abdul Qadir, Matteo Chiesa, Ali Abbas

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

The energy for the solvent regeneration of post-combustion carbon capture (PCC) process is typically provided by steam bleeding from the power plant (PP) steam cycle. The energy penalty for steam bleeding results in serious reduction in the PP capacity estimated to be in the range of 10–40%. Power plant repowering or hybridization using solar-assisted PCC (SPCC) is a promising approach to satisfy carbon capture targets as well as PP load, concurrently. The drawback of this methodology is that notable amounts of solar energy are wasted during heat transfer from solar radiation to rich solvent. This paper presents a novel approach by eliminating the costly desorber system and using solar collector pipe (i.e. parabolic trough pipe) to directly heat the rich solvent and disassociate the bonds of CO2-solvent. This novel technology lowers the process capital expenditure, and also reduces the solvent regeneration energy bringing it close to its theoretical values. The elimination of the complex desorber column also increases the flexibility of the PP operation in response for market dynamics. A case-study for Sydney-Australia shows that in comparison with SPCC methodology, this state-of-the-art approach could notably improve the economics of the process and reduce the size of solar collector field (SCF).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)60-75
Number of pages16
JournalRenewable Energy
Volume104
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Post-combustion carbon capture
  • Process systems
  • Repowering
  • Solar thermal energy
  • Solvent regeneration
  • Solvent storage

Cite this

Khalilpour, Rajab ; Milani, Dia ; Qadir, Abdul ; Chiesa, Matteo ; Abbas, Ali. / A novel process for direct solvent regeneration via solar thermal energy for carbon capture. In: Renewable Energy. 2017 ; Vol. 104. pp. 60-75.
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abstract = "The energy for the solvent regeneration of post-combustion carbon capture (PCC) process is typically provided by steam bleeding from the power plant (PP) steam cycle. The energy penalty for steam bleeding results in serious reduction in the PP capacity estimated to be in the range of 10–40{\%}. Power plant repowering or hybridization using solar-assisted PCC (SPCC) is a promising approach to satisfy carbon capture targets as well as PP load, concurrently. The drawback of this methodology is that notable amounts of solar energy are wasted during heat transfer from solar radiation to rich solvent. This paper presents a novel approach by eliminating the costly desorber system and using solar collector pipe (i.e. parabolic trough pipe) to directly heat the rich solvent and disassociate the bonds of CO2-solvent. This novel technology lowers the process capital expenditure, and also reduces the solvent regeneration energy bringing it close to its theoretical values. The elimination of the complex desorber column also increases the flexibility of the PP operation in response for market dynamics. A case-study for Sydney-Australia shows that in comparison with SPCC methodology, this state-of-the-art approach could notably improve the economics of the process and reduce the size of solar collector field (SCF).",
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A novel process for direct solvent regeneration via solar thermal energy for carbon capture. / Khalilpour, Rajab; Milani, Dia; Qadir, Abdul; Chiesa, Matteo; Abbas, Ali.

In: Renewable Energy, Vol. 104, 2017, p. 60-75.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

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