A novel cellular model (SPGM 1) of switching between the pre-B cell and myelomonocytic lineages

M. Martin, A. Strasser, N. Baumgarth, F. M. Cicuttini, K. Welch, E. Salvaris, A. W. Boyd

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The suspension pro granulocyte/macrophage (SPGM1) cell line was established from a transplantable mouse progranulocytic/promacrophage tumor. Surprisingly, SPGM1 cells expressed a typical CD5 pre-B cell phenotype, being positive for Ly-1 (CD5), PB76, B220 (CD45RA), and the pre-B Ig receptor complex (μH chains, λ5 and v(pre-B) surrogate L chains, and the IgMα (mb- 1) and Igβ (B29) co-receptor molecules). Southern Blot analysis revealed clonal rearrangement of the μH chain locus and germ-line L chain loci. SPGM1 formed blast cell-, macrophage-, and occasional granulocytic colonies in soft agar in the presence of murine IL-3. IL-3 also induced macrophage differentiation of SPGM1 cells in suspension cultures. The earliest changes were detectable at 24 h by Northern blot analysis. IL-3-treatment increased Mac1 mRNA, induced c-fms mRNA, and down-regulated mRNA for μ, λ5, v(pre- B) and mb-1. After 2 to 4 days the cells were larger, strongly adherent, expressed the macrophage markers Mac1 and F4/80, had lost μH chain and PB76 surface expression, and readily phagocytosed latex beads. Thus SPGM1 has all the characteristic features of a CD5+ pre-B cell line. However, IL-3 predominantly induced SPGM1 to switch its differentiation program from a pre- B cell to a macrophage. This inducible, rapid switch of virtually the entire population provides a unique model for the molecular analysis of mechanisms involved in cell-fate determination.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4395-4406
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Immunology
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 1993
Externally publishedYes

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