A new model for rail-based park-and-ride with feeder bus services

Xinyuan Chen, Zhiyuan Liu, Dongsheng Hua, Inhi Kim

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference PaperResearchpeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


Many studies have been done to model and design park and ride scheme, since park and ride has long been considered as a strategy to alleviate traffic congestion and reduce emission. However, due to the difficulty in modelling an urban transport network system, research on park and ride still needs to overcome some limitations. This paper proposes a robust model by combining the driver's mode choice and route choice, which are based on a combined cross nest logit (CNL) and user equilibrium (UE) model. Mathematical programming and varitional inequality are used to solve a network optimization. The main contributions of this paper are: (1)considering travel time uncertainty on roads which can affect both modal split and route choice. (2)taking multi-class demands into consideration because different people have different requirements for the travel time and level of service. In other words, mean-excess travel time (METT) model are proposed in this paper to depict uncertainty environment. Heterogeneity is considered by commuters' variations of METT parameter which depends on travelers' trip characteristic and income level. © 2017 The Author(s).
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationInternational Symposia of Transport Simulation (ISTS) and the International Workshop on Traffic Data Collection and its Standardization (IWTDCS) Advanced Transport Simulation Modelling based on Big Data [proceedings]
EditorsSeungjae Lee, Jooyoung Kim
Number of pages8
Publication statusPublished - 2017
EventInternational Symposium of Transport Simulation 2016 - Jeju National University, Jeju, Korea, Republic of (South)
Duration: 23 Jun 201625 Jun 2016

Publication series

NameTransportation Research Procedia
PublisherElsevier BV
ISSN (Electronic)2352-1465


OtherInternational Symposium of Transport Simulation 2016
Abbreviated titleISTS
CountryKorea, Republic of (South)


  • Park and ride
  • CNL
  • Combined model
  • Travel time uncertainty
  • VI

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