A new method for ranking potential hazards and risks from wastes

Ka Yu Cheng, Pan Yu Wong, Chris Whitwell, Laura lee Innes, Anna H. Kaksonen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)


A quantitative approach for assessing hazards facilitates decision making on hazardous waste management practices. In this study, a scoring approach was developed to evaluate the physical, human health, environmental and amenity hazard aspects and risks (in case of exposure) of waste streams. The approach was based on the 15 hazard properties (HPs) defined in European Commission Waste Framework Directive 2008/98/EC and their related Globally Harmonised System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals (GHS) hazard statement codes (H-codes). Additionally, amenity and other hazards including space requirement, odour, dust, vermin, visual impact, radioactivity and physical injury were considered. A score of 0–3 was assigned to each of the H-codes or amenity and other hazards. The scoring approach consisted of: 1) determining the waste composition; 2) searching H-codes based on waste composition and assigning H-codes to the associated HPs; 3) calculating the hazard score for each of the four hazard aspects; and 4) calculating the total score for each waste. Two methods were used to calculate the total hazard score for 29 hazardous wastes. The wastes were ranked over a hazard spectrum to indicate the potential degree of hazard. The new hazard scoring approach can be used for prioritising efforts in managing wastes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)778-788
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Hazardous Materials
Publication statusPublished - 5 Mar 2019
Externally publishedYes


  • Hazard
  • Method
  • Risk
  • Scoring
  • Waste

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