A new look at bronchopulmonary dysplasia: Postcapillary pathophysiology and cardiac dysfunction

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Pulmonary hypertension (PH) and right ventricular function are the focus of cardiovascular effects of bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD). We assessed cardiac indexes reflecting systemic afterload and pulmonary venous back pressure as pathophysiologic factors. Cardiac parameters were measured by conventional echocardiography in 20 preterm infants with severe BPD and compared with those of 10 preterm infants with no BPD and 20 healthy term infants. In infants with severe BPD, PH was noted in 5 (25%) by tricuspid regurgitation Doppler jet ≥2.8 m/s and in 15 (75%) by time to peak velocity/right ventricular ejection time <0.34. Among systemic cardiac indexes, significant impairment of diastolic measures was noted in the BPD group compared with infants with no BPD and term infants. The significance persisted after adjusting for gestational age and birth weight. These included transmitral E/A ratio (1.07 ± 0.07 vs. 0.91 ± 0.04 vs. 0.89 ± 0.09; P < 0.0001), isovolumic relaxation time (68.8 ± 3.9 vs. 58.5 ± 7.8 vs. 54.2 ± 5.7 ms; P < 0.0001), mitral valve stroke volume (4.7 ± 0.7 vs. 5.6 ± 0.6 vs. 5.9 ± 0.1; P = 0.002), and myocardial performance index (0.33 ± 0.05 vs. 0.28 ± 0.01 vs. 0.27 ± 0.05; P = 0.03). Left ventricular output was significantly lower in the BPD cohort (183 ± 45 vs. 189 ± 9 vs. 191 ± 32 mL/kg/min; P = 0.03). Altered systemic (left-sided) cardiac function was noted in infants with BPD, which may lead to pulmonary venous congestion contributing to a continued need for respiratory support.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)508 - 515
Number of pages8
JournalPulmonary Circulation
Volume6
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2016

Keywords

  • Cardiac function
  • Chronic lung disease
  • Infants
  • Pulmonary hypertension

Cite this

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title = "A new look at bronchopulmonary dysplasia: Postcapillary pathophysiology and cardiac dysfunction",
abstract = "Pulmonary hypertension (PH) and right ventricular function are the focus of cardiovascular effects of bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD). We assessed cardiac indexes reflecting systemic afterload and pulmonary venous back pressure as pathophysiologic factors. Cardiac parameters were measured by conventional echocardiography in 20 preterm infants with severe BPD and compared with those of 10 preterm infants with no BPD and 20 healthy term infants. In infants with severe BPD, PH was noted in 5 (25{\%}) by tricuspid regurgitation Doppler jet ≥2.8 m/s and in 15 (75{\%}) by time to peak velocity/right ventricular ejection time <0.34. Among systemic cardiac indexes, significant impairment of diastolic measures was noted in the BPD group compared with infants with no BPD and term infants. The significance persisted after adjusting for gestational age and birth weight. These included transmitral E/A ratio (1.07 ± 0.07 vs. 0.91 ± 0.04 vs. 0.89 ± 0.09; P < 0.0001), isovolumic relaxation time (68.8 ± 3.9 vs. 58.5 ± 7.8 vs. 54.2 ± 5.7 ms; P < 0.0001), mitral valve stroke volume (4.7 ± 0.7 vs. 5.6 ± 0.6 vs. 5.9 ± 0.1; P = 0.002), and myocardial performance index (0.33 ± 0.05 vs. 0.28 ± 0.01 vs. 0.27 ± 0.05; P = 0.03). Left ventricular output was significantly lower in the BPD cohort (183 ± 45 vs. 189 ± 9 vs. 191 ± 32 mL/kg/min; P = 0.03). Altered systemic (left-sided) cardiac function was noted in infants with BPD, which may lead to pulmonary venous congestion contributing to a continued need for respiratory support.",
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A new look at bronchopulmonary dysplasia : Postcapillary pathophysiology and cardiac dysfunction. / Sehgal, Arvind; Malikiwi, Andra; Paul, Eldho; Tan, Kenneth; Menahem, Samuel.

In: Pulmonary Circulation, Vol. 6, No. 4, 01.12.2016, p. 508 - 515.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - A new look at bronchopulmonary dysplasia

T2 - Postcapillary pathophysiology and cardiac dysfunction

AU - Sehgal, Arvind

AU - Malikiwi, Andra

AU - Paul, Eldho

AU - Tan, Kenneth

AU - Menahem, Samuel

PY - 2016/12/1

Y1 - 2016/12/1

N2 - Pulmonary hypertension (PH) and right ventricular function are the focus of cardiovascular effects of bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD). We assessed cardiac indexes reflecting systemic afterload and pulmonary venous back pressure as pathophysiologic factors. Cardiac parameters were measured by conventional echocardiography in 20 preterm infants with severe BPD and compared with those of 10 preterm infants with no BPD and 20 healthy term infants. In infants with severe BPD, PH was noted in 5 (25%) by tricuspid regurgitation Doppler jet ≥2.8 m/s and in 15 (75%) by time to peak velocity/right ventricular ejection time <0.34. Among systemic cardiac indexes, significant impairment of diastolic measures was noted in the BPD group compared with infants with no BPD and term infants. The significance persisted after adjusting for gestational age and birth weight. These included transmitral E/A ratio (1.07 ± 0.07 vs. 0.91 ± 0.04 vs. 0.89 ± 0.09; P < 0.0001), isovolumic relaxation time (68.8 ± 3.9 vs. 58.5 ± 7.8 vs. 54.2 ± 5.7 ms; P < 0.0001), mitral valve stroke volume (4.7 ± 0.7 vs. 5.6 ± 0.6 vs. 5.9 ± 0.1; P = 0.002), and myocardial performance index (0.33 ± 0.05 vs. 0.28 ± 0.01 vs. 0.27 ± 0.05; P = 0.03). Left ventricular output was significantly lower in the BPD cohort (183 ± 45 vs. 189 ± 9 vs. 191 ± 32 mL/kg/min; P = 0.03). Altered systemic (left-sided) cardiac function was noted in infants with BPD, which may lead to pulmonary venous congestion contributing to a continued need for respiratory support.

AB - Pulmonary hypertension (PH) and right ventricular function are the focus of cardiovascular effects of bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD). We assessed cardiac indexes reflecting systemic afterload and pulmonary venous back pressure as pathophysiologic factors. Cardiac parameters were measured by conventional echocardiography in 20 preterm infants with severe BPD and compared with those of 10 preterm infants with no BPD and 20 healthy term infants. In infants with severe BPD, PH was noted in 5 (25%) by tricuspid regurgitation Doppler jet ≥2.8 m/s and in 15 (75%) by time to peak velocity/right ventricular ejection time <0.34. Among systemic cardiac indexes, significant impairment of diastolic measures was noted in the BPD group compared with infants with no BPD and term infants. The significance persisted after adjusting for gestational age and birth weight. These included transmitral E/A ratio (1.07 ± 0.07 vs. 0.91 ± 0.04 vs. 0.89 ± 0.09; P < 0.0001), isovolumic relaxation time (68.8 ± 3.9 vs. 58.5 ± 7.8 vs. 54.2 ± 5.7 ms; P < 0.0001), mitral valve stroke volume (4.7 ± 0.7 vs. 5.6 ± 0.6 vs. 5.9 ± 0.1; P = 0.002), and myocardial performance index (0.33 ± 0.05 vs. 0.28 ± 0.01 vs. 0.27 ± 0.05; P = 0.03). Left ventricular output was significantly lower in the BPD cohort (183 ± 45 vs. 189 ± 9 vs. 191 ± 32 mL/kg/min; P = 0.03). Altered systemic (left-sided) cardiac function was noted in infants with BPD, which may lead to pulmonary venous congestion contributing to a continued need for respiratory support.

KW - Cardiac function

KW - Chronic lung disease

KW - Infants

KW - Pulmonary hypertension

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U2 - 10.1086/688641

DO - 10.1086/688641

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JO - Pulmonary Circulation

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