A new disease-related mutation for mitochondrial encephalopathy lactic acidosis and strokelike episodes (MELAS) syndrome affects the ND4 subunit of the respiratory complex I

P. Lertrit, A. S. Noer, M. J.B. Jean-Francois, R. Kapsa, X. Dennett, D. Thyagarajan, K. Lethlean, E. Byrne, S. Marzuki

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Abstract

The molecular lesions in two patients exhibiting classical clinical manifestations of MELAS (mitochondrial encephalopathy, lactic acidosis, and strokelike episodes) syndrome have been investigated. A recently reported disease-related A→G base substitution at nt 3243 of the mtDNA, in the DHU loop of tRNA(Leu), was detected by restriction-enzyme analysis of the relevant PCR-amplified segment of the mtDNA of one patient but was not observed, by either restriction-enzyme analysis or nucleotide sequencing, in the other. To define the molecular lesion in the patient who does not have the A→G base substitution at nt 3243, the total mitochondrial genome of the patient has been sequenced. An A→G base substitution at nt 11084, leading to a Thr-to-Ala amino acid replacement in the ND4 subunit of the respiratory complex I, is suggested to be a disease-related mutation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)457-468
Number of pages12
JournalAmerican Journal of Human Genetics
Volume51
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1992

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