A near infra-red study of blood oxygenation changes resulting from high and low frequency repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation

Research output: Contribution to conferenceAbstractOtherpeer-review

Abstract

High and low frequency repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) are both used to treat major depressive disorder (MDD). However, the physiological mechanisms underlying the therapeutic benefit and the effect of the stimulation frequency are unclear.

Twelve healthy participants received 1Hz, 2Hz and 5Hz active rTMS. Twenty 5 second trains were delivered at left dorsolateral prefrontal cortex at 110% of resting motor threshold with a 25 second inter-train interval.

Blood oxygenation (HbO) was significantly reduced following the 1Hz trains compared to the HbO increases observed in both the 2Hz and 5Hz conditions. There was no significant inter-hemispheric difference in response.

These results suggest that short trains of high and low frequency rTMS delivered to prefrontal cortex evoke a differential HbO response and provide additional evidence that high frequency trains result in increased neural activity. The findings may provide further explanation for the improved symptoms observed in MDD patients treated with high frequency rTMS.
Original languageEnglish
Pages364
Number of pages1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015
Event1st International Brain Stimulation Conference - Singapore Expo Convention and Exhibition Centre, Singapore, Singapore
Duration: 2 Mar 20154 Mar 2015
Conference number: 1
http://www.globaleventslist.elsevier.com/events/2015/03/1st-international-brain-stimulation-conference/

Conference

Conference1st International Brain Stimulation Conference
CountrySingapore
CitySingapore
Period2/03/154/03/15
Internet address

Cite this

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title = "A near infra-red study of blood oxygenation changes resulting from high and low frequency repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation",
abstract = "High and low frequency repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) are both used to treat major depressive disorder (MDD). However, the physiological mechanisms underlying the therapeutic benefit and the effect of the stimulation frequency are unclear.Twelve healthy participants received 1Hz, 2Hz and 5Hz active rTMS. Twenty 5 second trains were delivered at left dorsolateral prefrontal cortex at 110{\%} of resting motor threshold with a 25 second inter-train interval.Blood oxygenation (HbO) was significantly reduced following the 1Hz trains compared to the HbO increases observed in both the 2Hz and 5Hz conditions. There was no significant inter-hemispheric difference in response.These results suggest that short trains of high and low frequency rTMS delivered to prefrontal cortex evoke a differential HbO response and provide additional evidence that high frequency trains result in increased neural activity. The findings may provide further explanation for the improved symptoms observed in MDD patients treated with high frequency rTMS.",
author = "Cao, {Ting T.} and Thomson, {Richard H.} and Bailey, {Neil W.} and Rogasch, {Nigel C.} and Segrave, {Rebecca A.} and Maller, {Jerome J.} and Daskalakis, {Zafiris J.} and Fitzgerald, {Paul B.}",
year = "2015",
doi = "10.1016/j.brs.2015.01.171",
language = "English",
pages = "364",
note = "1st International Brain Stimulation Conference ; Conference date: 02-03-2015 Through 04-03-2015",
url = "http://www.globaleventslist.elsevier.com/events/2015/03/1st-international-brain-stimulation-conference/",

}

A near infra-red study of blood oxygenation changes resulting from high and low frequency repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation. / Cao, Ting T.; Thomson, Richard H.; Bailey, Neil W.; Rogasch, Nigel C.; Segrave, Rebecca A.; Maller, Jerome J.; Daskalakis, Zafiris J.; Fitzgerald, Paul B.

2015. 364 Abstract from 1st International Brain Stimulation Conference, Singapore, Singapore.

Research output: Contribution to conferenceAbstractOtherpeer-review

TY - CONF

T1 - A near infra-red study of blood oxygenation changes resulting from high and low frequency repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation

AU - Cao, Ting T.

AU - Thomson, Richard H.

AU - Bailey, Neil W.

AU - Rogasch, Nigel C.

AU - Segrave, Rebecca A.

AU - Maller, Jerome J.

AU - Daskalakis, Zafiris J.

AU - Fitzgerald, Paul B.

PY - 2015

Y1 - 2015

N2 - High and low frequency repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) are both used to treat major depressive disorder (MDD). However, the physiological mechanisms underlying the therapeutic benefit and the effect of the stimulation frequency are unclear.Twelve healthy participants received 1Hz, 2Hz and 5Hz active rTMS. Twenty 5 second trains were delivered at left dorsolateral prefrontal cortex at 110% of resting motor threshold with a 25 second inter-train interval.Blood oxygenation (HbO) was significantly reduced following the 1Hz trains compared to the HbO increases observed in both the 2Hz and 5Hz conditions. There was no significant inter-hemispheric difference in response.These results suggest that short trains of high and low frequency rTMS delivered to prefrontal cortex evoke a differential HbO response and provide additional evidence that high frequency trains result in increased neural activity. The findings may provide further explanation for the improved symptoms observed in MDD patients treated with high frequency rTMS.

AB - High and low frequency repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) are both used to treat major depressive disorder (MDD). However, the physiological mechanisms underlying the therapeutic benefit and the effect of the stimulation frequency are unclear.Twelve healthy participants received 1Hz, 2Hz and 5Hz active rTMS. Twenty 5 second trains were delivered at left dorsolateral prefrontal cortex at 110% of resting motor threshold with a 25 second inter-train interval.Blood oxygenation (HbO) was significantly reduced following the 1Hz trains compared to the HbO increases observed in both the 2Hz and 5Hz conditions. There was no significant inter-hemispheric difference in response.These results suggest that short trains of high and low frequency rTMS delivered to prefrontal cortex evoke a differential HbO response and provide additional evidence that high frequency trains result in increased neural activity. The findings may provide further explanation for the improved symptoms observed in MDD patients treated with high frequency rTMS.

UR - http://www.brainstimjrnl.com/article/S1935-861X(15)00595-1/abstract

U2 - 10.1016/j.brs.2015.01.171

DO - 10.1016/j.brs.2015.01.171

M3 - Abstract

SP - 364

ER -