A multi-method analysis of work-related preferences in three nations: Implications for inter- and intra-national human resource management

Sara L. McGaughey, Roderick D. Iverson, Helen De Cieri

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This study explores the structure of the work-related preferences (WRPs) of 175 Australian, 283 Mexican and 159 USA respondents through multidimensional scaling and a covariance structure analytic approach. The complexities inherent in interpreting multidimensional scaling solutions and the contribution confirmatory factor analysis can make in testing hypothesized WRP structures are highlighted. Empirical support is found for a six-factor structure of WRPs that is common (or etic) across samples, although more restrictive tests identified equivalence between the Australian and Mexican samples but, surprisingly, not the USA sample. These empirical findings have implications for international HRM policies and practices of multinational enterprises, as well as intra-national human resource management. Importantly, the present study provides quantitative empirical evidence supporting the aphorism in the international management literature 'think global, act local'.

Original languageEnglish
JournalInternational Journal of Human Resource Management
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 1997


  • Australian
  • Confirmatory factor analysis (LISREL VIII)
  • International human resource management
  • Mexican and USA samples
  • Multidimensional scaling (MDS)
  • Structure of WRPs
  • Work-related preferences (WRPs)

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