Abstract

Introduction. Staphylococcus aureus is a recognised cause of foodborne intoxication and antibiotic-associated diarrhoea (AAD), which are both mediated by staphylococcal enterotoxins. However, unlike foodborne intoxication, AAD appears to require infection of the host. While S. aureus intoxication is widely studied, little is known about S. aureus pathogenesis in the context of gastrointestinal infection. Aim. To develop a mouse model of S. aureus gastrointestinal infection. Methodology. An established AAD mouse model was adapted for S. aureus infection, and damage observed via histopathological analysis and immunostaining of intestinal tissues. Results. Various strains colonised the mouse model, and analysis showed that although clinical signs of disease were not seen, S. aureus infection induced damage in the small intestine, disrupting host structures essential for epithelial integrity. Studies using a staphylococcal enterotoxin B mutant showed that this toxin may contribute to damage during gastrointestinal infection. Conclusion. This work presents a new mouse model of S. aureus gastrointestinal infection, while also providing insight into the pathogenesis of S. aureus in the gut.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)290-297
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Medical Microbiology
Volume69
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 31 Jan 2020

Keywords

  • Antibiotic-associated diarrhoea
  • Bacterial pathogenesis
  • Gastrointestinal infection
  • Infection model
  • Mouse model
  • Staphylococcus aureus

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