A mixed-primal finite element method for the coupling of Brinkman-Darcy flow and nonlinear transport

Mario Alvarez, Gabriel N. Gatica, Ricardo Ruiz-Baier

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3 Citations (Scopus)


This paper is devoted to the mathematical and numerical analysis of a model describing the interfacial flow-transport interaction in a porous-fluidic domain. The medium consists of a highly permeable material, where the flow of an incompressible viscous fluid is governed by Brinkman equations (written in terms of vorticity, velocity and pressure), and a porous medium where Darcy's law describes fluid motion using filtration velocity and pressure. Gravity and the local fluctuations of a scalar field (representing for instance, the solids volume fraction or the concentration of a contaminant) are the main drivers of the fluid patterns on the whole domain, and the Brinkman-Darcy equations are coupled to a nonlinear transport equation accounting for mass balance of the scalar concentration. We introduce a mixed-primal variational formulation of the problem and establish existence and uniqueness of solution using fixed-point arguments and small-data assumptions. A family of Galerkin discretizations that produce divergence-free discrete velocities is also presented and analysed using similar tools to those employed in the continuous problem. Convergence of the resulting mixed-primal finite element method is proven, and some numerical examples confirming the theoretical error bounds and illustrating the performance of the proposed discrete scheme are reported.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)381-411
Number of pages31
JournalIMA Journal of Numerical Analysis
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2021


  • Brinkman-Darcy coupling
  • error analysis
  • fixed-point theory
  • mixed finite elements
  • nonlinear transport
  • vorticity-based formulation

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