A mixed-methods study on religiosity, pandemic beliefs, and psychological well-being during the COVID-19 pandemic in Malaysia

Rachel Sing Kiat Ting, Pei Hwa Goh, Esther Zhen Mei Ong

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


This paper examines the association between religious identity, religiosity (internal vs external), and psychological well-being during the COVID-19 pandemic. Data from two cross-sectional surveys were used to test these associations among Malaysians from the three major religious groups—Muslims, Christians, and Buddhists—as well as mixed qualitative coding on illness beliefs and helpful resources. During the pandemic, higher religiosity was associated with less perceived stress, external religiosity was negatively associated with stress, and internal religiosity was positively associated with life satisfaction among young adults. Thematic coding also confirmed a variety of illness beliefs and helpful resources relevant to social and religious norms. Different pathways of religious coping were utilized during the pandemic.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)107-132
Number of pages26
JournalPastoral Psychology
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2024


  • Pandemic
  • Psychological well-being
  • Religiosity
  • Religious practice

Cite this