A microstructure-based creep model for additively manufactured nickel-based superalloys

S. Wu, H. Y. Song, H. Z. Peng, P. D. Hodgson, H. Wang, X. H. Wu, Y. M. Zhu, M. C. Lam, A. J. Huang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

25 Citations (Scopus)


Creep fracture is a general failure mode for nickel-based superalloy components made by additive manufacturing (AM). However, the existing creep models originally built for conventional superalloys cannot explain the creep rate acceleration caused by fast cavitation, which relates to the AM-specific microstructural features, in particular the porosity, columnar grain structure and compositional inhomogeneity. In this work, a microstructure-based creep model is developed for additively manufactured Ni-based superalloys that specifically considers the correlation between cavity formation kinetics and creep deformation behaviour. The applications to IN718 and IN738LC demonstrate the model can well simulate the creep process at all stages and the creep lifetime for a wide range of microstructures. After calibration, the effects of the aforementioned AM-produced microstructure features on creep performance were discussed. The simulated data in cooperation with experimental results shows a significant increment in creep rate and a decrement in lifetime due to fast cavitation. The application of the model can simulate the creep performance of AM alloys and provide a quantitative method to estimate the influence of AM-produced microstructure features on creep performance. Moreover, the time-consuming creep testing procedure can be reduced once the model is calibrated with experimental data.

Original languageEnglish
Article number117528
Number of pages13
JournalActa Materialia
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2022


  • Additive manufacturing
  • Cavitation
  • Creep
  • Modelling
  • Nickel-based superalloy

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