A microlensing measurement of dark matter fractions in three lensing galaxies

N Bate, David Floyd, Rachel Webster, J Stuart Wyithe

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Direct measurements of dark matter distributions in galaxies are currently only possible through the use of gravitational lensing observations. Combinations of lens modeling and stellar velocity dispersion measurements provide the best constraints on dark matter distributions in individual galaxies, however they can be quite complex. In this paper, we use observations and simulations of gravitational microlensing to measure the smooth (dark) matter mass fraction at the position of lensed images in three lens galaxies: MG 0414+0534, SDSS J0924+0219, and Q2237+0305. The first two systems consist of early-type lens galaxies, and both display a flux ratio anomaly in their close image pair. Anomalies such as these suggest that a high smooth matter percentage is likely, and indeed we prefer a??50 smooth matter in MG 0414+0534 and a??80 in SDSS J0924+0219 at the projected locations of the lensed images. Q2237+0305 differs somewhat in that its lensed images lie in the central kiloparsec of the barred spiral lens galaxy, where we expect stars to dominate the mass distribution. In this system, we find a smooth matter percentage that is consistent with zero.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1 - 6
Number of pages6
JournalThe Astrophysical Journal Letters
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2011
Externally publishedYes

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