A medication self-management program to improve adherence to HIV therapy regimens

Scott R. Smith, John C. Rublein, Cheryl Marcus, Tina Penick Brock, Margaret A. Chesney

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

94 Citations (Scopus)


This study examined whether a self-management intervention based on feedback of adherence performance and principles of social cognitive theory improves adherence to antiretroviral dosing schedules. Forty-three individuals with HIV/AIDS who were starting or switching to a new protease inhibitor regimen were randomly assigned to be in a medication self-management program or usual care control group. The self-management program included skills development exercises, three monthly visits for medication consultations, and monthly feedback of adherence performance using electronic monitors on medication bottles. Participants also completed a 40-item questionnaire that measured self-efficacy to take medications, on schedule, in a variety of situations. Logistic regression analysis indicated that individuals in the self-management group were significantly more likely to take 80% or more of their doses each week than individuals in the control group (n=29, OR=7.8, 95% CI=2.2-28.1). Self-management training with feedback of adherence performance is a potentially useful model for improving adherence to complex regimens in HIV/AIDS care. 

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)187-199
Number of pages13
JournalPatient Education and Counseling
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2003
Externally publishedYes


  • Adherence
  • Self-efficacy
  • Self-management
  • Social cognitive theory

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