A measure of linked-trip accessibility

A. J. Richardson, W. Young

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The concept of accessibility has been variously interpreted as being the “nearness to places,” the “nearness to activities” and more recently the “ease of participating in activities.” With each of these qualitative interpretations, there has also been a variety of quantitative definitions of accessibility. This paper shows that many of the proposed definitions of accessibility can in fact be gathered together to form a spectrum of accessibility measures. These measures differ with resDect to the factors included in their formulation and their degree of behavioural interpretation. Existing measures of accessibility are shown to be deficient in one major aspect. That is, they assume that for any one measure of accessibility there is but one origin of trips. Thus, in estimating the accessibility of a point within a region it is assumed that all potential trips, which contribute to the accessibility of that point, start from that single point. In view of the considerable amount of evidence demonstrating the widespread, and increasing, occurrence of trip-linking such a proposition must be viewed as being rather doubtful. In the light of this, the paper proceeds to develop a measure of accessibility which explicitly accounts for the linking of trips. The implications of this measure, compared to a conventional unlinked-trip accessibility measure, are discussed as are some problems which are foreseen in the practical implementation of such a measure.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)73-82
Number of pages10
JournalTransportation Planning and Technology
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 1982

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