Acinetobacter has recently risen in prominence as a nosocomial pathogen, particularly due to increasing antibiotic resistance. The aim of this study was to describe changes in rates and antibiotic susceptibility patterns of Acinetobacter in three Melbourne hospitals. This was a retrospective review of microbiology records over five years. The rates of new clinical isolates of Acinetobacter per 10 000 discharges per quarter were calculated. Other information collected included antibiotic susceptibility patterns, age, gender, length of stay and ward [intensive care unit (ICU) or non-ICU]. Rates increased substantially at two hospitals, but not at the third. Increasing numbers at one hospital were associated with antibiotic resistance. Most first isolates were identified while the patient was in the ICU. Many isolates were from respiratory specimens, although a significant proportion was from blood. This study documents the establishment of Acinetobacter as a nosocomial pathogen in two Melbourne hospitals and serves as a warning for the future.
- Antibiotic resistance
- Infection control