A late Holocene record of vegetation and fire from the Amur Basin, far-eastern Russia

Shao-Hua Yu, Zhuo Zheng, Arnold Peter Kershaw, Marina Skrypnikova, Kang-You Huang

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5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The Amur Basin, on the border of Russia and China, has accumulated substantial quantities of peat that have allowed the reconstruction of past vegetation and environments, especially during the Holocene. In this paper, a detailed pollen record from the Basin has been constructed for the last 3800 years and interpreted with the assistance of 40 surface pollen samples taken from vegetation types representative of a broader region. In addition, fossil microcharcoal counts were undertaken to explore variation in fire frequency and the role of fire in peat development and landscape disturbance. The record can be divided into four periods. (1) A period of deciduous broadleaved forest dominated by Betula and Quercus accompanied by thriving sedge-dominated wetlands indicating relatively warm and wet conditions between about 3800 and 2000 cal BP. (2) Coniferous and broad-leaved mixed forest domination between about 2000 and 680 cal BP indicating a shift to a cooler climate. (3) Betula-dominant deciduous forest, reduced sedge-dominated wetlands and increased burning between about 680 and 250 cal BP indicating further drying and cooling during the Little Ice Age. (4) Secondary pine forest combined with a large increase in fire activity as well as a further reduction in the swamp environment signaling substantial human impact in the last 250 years.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)79-92
Number of pages14
JournalQuaternary International
Volume432
Issue numberPart A
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 8 Mar 2017

Keywords

  • Amur Basin
  • Microcharcoal analysis
  • Modern pollen samples
  • Pollen record
  • Wetland history

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