A joint planning strategy for EV charging system towards net-zero transportation electrification

Hengrong Zhang, Jing Qiu, Yunqi Wang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review


Electric vehicles (EVs) are pivotal in the progression toward sustainable transportation. However, a growing body of recent studies has challenged the often-assumed notion that electric vehicles are often considered to be net-zero emissions. These studies suggest that electric vehicles could potentially generate substantial emissions due to their reliance on fossil fuels to generate electricity, especially when receiving fast charging services. This phenomenon has been mitigated with the use of renewable energy sources in the power system. However, due to the intermittent nature of renewable energy sources, additional requirements have arisen. To address this situation, this paper presents an interdisciplinary study of collaborative fast-charging stations (FCS) and distributed renewable energy planning based on the interactions between traffic and power networks in order to increase the adoption rate of electric vehicles and reduce emissions caused by traffic and power systems. The locations and sizing of fast-charging stations, distributed photovoltaic generation, and renewable energy power supply for electric vehicles are determined in the proposed strategy through multi-objective integer programming. The proposed planning strategy considers heterogeneous electric vehicle driving range constraints, the operation security of the power distribution system, the reliability and expansion of the current power distribution, as well as different types of air pollutant classifications resulting from the charging behaviors. To guarantee the feasibility and accuracy of the planning results, an interactive algorithm is applied to solve the multi-objective integer model. Several cases are conducted to validate the proposed approach. The results demonstrate that the proposed planning strategy has good performance in the planning of fast-charging stations and distributed renewable energy integration.

Original languageEnglish
Article number141019
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Cleaner Production
Publication statusPublished - 15 Feb 2024


  • Air pollutants
  • Driving range constraints
  • Electric vehicle
  • Emission constraints
  • Fast-charging station
  • Multi-objective planning model
  • PV installation
  • Renewable energy

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