A historical annual temperature dataset for Australia

Simon J. Torok, Neville Nicholls

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A high-quality historical surface air temperature dataset, for mean annual temperatures, has been prepared for Australia by adjusting data for inhomogeneities caused by station relocations, changes in exposure and other discontinuities. An objective procedure was developed for determining the necessary adjustments. Station history documentation was also used for this purpose. Time-series of annual mean maximum and mean minimum temperatures have been produced for 224 stations. Trends in annual mean maximum, minimum, the mean of the maximum and minimum, and the range between maximum and minimum, have been calculated at each site. The dataset provides adequate spatial coverage of Australia back to 1910 for the production of all-Australia average temperatures. Maximum and minimum temperatures have increased since about 1950, with minimum temperatures increasing faster than the maximum temperatures.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)251-260
Number of pages10
JournalAustralian Meteorological Magazine
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1996
Externally publishedYes

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