A glossary of policy frameworks: The many forms of 'universalism' and policy 'targeting'

Gemma Carey, Brad Crammond

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleOtherpeer-review

49 Citations (Scopus)


The recognition that certain characteristics (such as poverty, disadvantage or membership of marginalised social or cultural groups) can make individuals more susceptible to illness has reignited interest in how to combine universal programmes and policies with ones targeted at specific groups. However, 'universalism' and 'targeting' are used in different ways for different purposes. In this glossary, we define different types and approaches to universalism and targeting. We anticipate that greater clarity in relation to what is meant by 'universalism' and 'targeting' will lead to a more nuanced debate and practice in this area.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)303-307
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Epidemiology and Community Health
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2017

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