We present here a gel-based method for rapid purification of apolipoprotein A-I (apoA-I) from small volumes of human plasma. After isolation of high density lipoprotein from plasma, the apoA-I protein was separated by electrophoresis and the apoA-I band excised from the gel. The apoA-I was then eluted from the gel strip, concentrated, and delipidated ready for use. The structure and function of the gel-purified apoA-I protein was compared against apoA-I purified by the traditional size-exclusion chromatography method. The α-helical content of the gel-purified apoA-I as determined by circular dichroism was similar to chromatography-purified apoA-I. The functional activity of gel-purified apoA-I, as determined by cholesterol efflux assays in primary human fibroblasts and RAW264.7 macrophages, was also comparable with chromatography-purified apoA-I. This method is a valid alternative for apoA-I purification with some advantages over traditional chromatography purification including a much reduced plasma volume requirement, less time and cost, and a higher percentage protein recovery. The method is particularly suitable for applications requiring the purification of apoA-I from multiple human or animal samples of interest.
- Cholesterol efflux
- Gel purification
- High density lipoproteins
- Size-exclusion chromatography