A fuel cell operating between room temperature and 250 degrees C based on a new phosphoric acid based composite electrolyte

Rong Lan, Xiaoxiang Xu, Shanwen Tao, John T S Irvine

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A phosphoric acid based composite material with core-shell microstructure has been developed to be used as a new electrolyte for fuel cells. A fuel cell based on this electrolyte can operate at room temperature indicating leaching of H(3)PO(4) with liquid water is insignificant at room temperature. This will help to improve the thermal cyclability of phosphoric acid based electrolyte to make it easier for practical use. The conductivity of this H(3)PO(4)-based electrolyte is stable at 250 degrees C with addition of the hydrophilic inorganic compound BPO(4) forming a core-shell microstructure which makes it possible to run a PAFC at a temperature above 200 degrees C. The core-shell microstructure retains after the fuel cell measurements. A power density of 350 mW/cm(2) for a H(2)/O(2) fuel cell has been achieved at 200 degrees C. The increase in operating temperature does not have significant benefit to the performance of a H(2)/O(2) fuel cell. For the first time, a composite electrolyte material for phosphoric acid fuel cells which can operate in a wide range of temperature has been evaluated but certainly further investigation is required.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)6983 - 6987
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Power Sources
Issue number20
Publication statusPublished - 2010

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