A forward genetic screen identifies a negative regulator of rapid Ca2+-dependent cell egress (MS1) in the intracellular parasite Toxoplasma gondii

James M. McCoy, Rebecca J. Stewart, Alessandro D. Uboldi, Dongdi Li, Jan Schröder, Nicollas E. Scott, Anthony T. Papenfuss, Adele M. Lehane, Leonard J. Foster, Christopher J. Tonkin

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11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Toxoplasma gondii, like all apicomplexan parasites, uses Ca2+ signaling pathways to activate gliding motility to power tissue dissemination and host cell invasion and egress. A group of "plant-like" Ca2+-dependent protein kinases (CDPKs) transduces cytosolic Ca2+ flux into enzymatic activity, but how they function is poorly understood. To investigate how Ca2+ signaling activates egress through CDPKs, we performed a forward genetic screen to isolate gain-of-function mutants from an egress-deficient cdpk3 knockout strain. We recovered mutants that regained the ability to egress from host cells that harbored mutations in the gene Suppressor of Ca2+-dependent Egress 1 (SCE1). Global phosphoproteomic analysis showed that SCE1 deletion restored many Δcdpk3-dependent phosphorylation events to near wild-type levels. We also show that CDPK3-dependent SCE1 phosphorylation is required to relieve its suppressive activity to potentiate egress. In summary, our work has uncovered a novel component and suppressor of Ca2+-dependent cell egress during Toxoplasma lytic growth.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)7662-7674
Number of pages13
JournalThe Journal of Biological Chemistry
Volume292
Issue number18
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 5 May 2017
Externally publishedYes

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