A fast and scalable algorithm for scheduling large numbers of devices under real-time pricing

Shan He, Mark Wallace, Graeme Gange, Ariel Liebman, Campbell Wilson

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference PaperResearchpeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)


Real-time pricing (RTP) is a financial incentive mechanism designed to encourage demand response (DR) to reduce peak demand in medium and low voltage distribution networks but also impacting the generation and transmission system. Though RTP is believed to be an effective mechanism, challenges exist in implementing RTP for residential consumers wherein manually responding to a changing price is difficult and uncoordinated responses can lead to undesired peak demand at what are normally off-peak times. Previous research has proposed various algorithms to address these challenges, however, they rarely consider algorithms that manage very large numbers of houses and devices with discrete consumption levels. To optimise conflicting objectives under RTP prices in a fast and highly scalable manner is very challenging. We address these issues by proposing a fast and highly scalable algorithm that optimally schedules devices for large numbers of households in a distributed but non-cooperative manner under RTP. The results show that this algorithm minimises the total cost and discomfort for 10,000 households in a second and has a constant computational complexity.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationPrinciples and Practice of Constraint Programming
Subtitle of host publication24th International Conference, CP 2018 Lille, France, August 27–31, 2018 Proceedings
EditorsJohn Hooker
Place of PublicationCham Switzerland
Number of pages18
ISBN (Electronic)9783319983349
ISBN (Print)9783319983332
Publication statusPublished - 2018
EventInternational Conference on Principles and Practice of Constraint Programming 2018 - Lille, France
Duration: 27 Aug 201831 Aug 2018
Conference number: 24th

Publication series

NameLecture Notes in Computer Science
ISSN (Print)0302-9743
ISSN (Electronic)1611-3349


ConferenceInternational Conference on Principles and Practice of Constraint Programming 2018
Abbreviated titleCP 2018
Internet address

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