A familial 7q36.3 duplication associated with agenesis of the corpus callosum

Keith Wong, Randal Moldrich, Matthew Hunter, Matthew Edwards, David Finlay, Sheridan O'Donnell, Tom Macdougall, Nicole Bain, Benjamin Kamien

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4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Small chromosomal duplications involving 7q36.3 have rarely been reported. This clinical report describes four individuals from a three-generation family with agenesis of the corpus callosum (ACC) and a 0.73Mb duplication of 7q36.3 detected by array CGH. The 7q36.3 duplication involves two genes: RNA Binding Motif Protein 33 (RBM33) and Sonic Hedgehog (SHH). Most affected family members had mild intellectual disability or borderline intellectual functioning, macrocephaly, a broad forehead, and widely spaced eyes. Two individuals had a Chiari type I malformation. This is the first family reported with ACC associated with a small duplication of these genes. While we cannot establish causation for the relationship between any single gene and the ACC in this family, there is a role for SHH in the formation of the corpus callosum through correct patterning and assembly of the commissural plate, and these data concur with vertebrate studies showing that a gain of SHH expands the facial primordium.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2201-2208
Number of pages8
JournalAmerican Journal of Medical Genetics Part A
Volume167
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sep 2015
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Agenesis of the corpus callosum
  • Chiari malformation
  • Chromosome 7q36.3
  • Macrocephaly
  • RBM33
  • SHH
  • Sonic hedgehog

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