A diet low in FODMAPs reduces symptoms of irritable bowel syndrome

Emma Phoebe Halmos, Victoria Alexandra Power, Susan Joy Shepherd, Peter Raymond Gibson, Jane Grey Muir

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633 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background Aims A diet low in fermentable oligosaccharides, disaccharides, monosaccharides, and polyols (FODMAPs) often is used to manage functional gastrointestinal symptoms in patients with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), yet there is limited evidence of its efficacy, compared with a normal Western diet. We investigated the effects of a diet low in FODMAPs compared with an Australian diet, in a randomized, controlled, single-blind, cross-over trial of patients with IBS. Methods In a study of 30 patients with IBS and 8 healthy individuals (controls, matched for demographics and diet), we collected dietary data from subjects for 1 habitual week. Participants then randomly were assigned to groups that received 21 days of either a diet low in FODMAPs or a typical Australian diet, followed by a washout period of at least 21 days, before crossing over to the alternate diet. Daily symptoms were rated using a 0- to 100-mm visual analogue scale. Almost all food was provided during the interventional diet periods, with a goal of less than 0.5 g intake of FODMAPs per meal for the low-FODMAP diet. All stools were collected from days 17-21 and assessed for frequency, weight, water content, and King s Stool Chart rating. Results Subjects with IBS had lower overall gastrointestinal symptom scores (22.8; 95 confidence interval, 16.7-28.8 mm) while on a diet low in FODMAPs, compared with the Australian diet (44.9; 95 confidence interval, 36.6-53.1 mm; P
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)67-75
Number of pages9
JournalGastroenterology
Volume146
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2014

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