Granular and particle-fluid flows are widely observed in nature and in industry. Their behaviors are determined by the injection of energy and the subsequent cascade of energy. This work presents a DEM-based approach for the analysis of energy transitions in such flows. The approach can consider the energy injection, dissipation and conversion due to driving forces such as particle-fluid interactions and the gravitational force, particle-particle/wall collisions and frictions. The effectiveness is demonstrated in two systems respectively and the transient and averaged energy transitions are discussed.The results reveal the connection between the formation of a cluster and the variation of energy in fluidized beds. From the viewpoint of energy transition, the results also illustrate the minimization of energy dissipation, the startup of fluidization and the particle flow distribution. Furthermore, the correlation of the contact between particles and the energy transition is demonstrated. The findings should be useful for the understanding of structure formation in fluidized beds and for industrial applications.
|Number of pages||13|
|Journal||Chemical Engineering Science|
|Publication status||Published - 6 Apr 2017|
- Discrete element method
- Cascade of energy
- Granular flow
- Particle-fluid flow