Abnormal liver function tests are commonly observed with rhabdomyolysis, but the nature of this association is not fully defined. This study aims to determine the functional relationship between serum creatine kinase, as a marker of rhabdomyolysis severity, and liver biochemistry. We used linear regression to model the relationship between liver biochemistry and peak serum creatine kinase. A total of 528 patients with a median age of 74 years were included. The distribution of creatine kinase, bilirubin, alkaline phosphatase, alanine aminotransferase, and γ-glutamyl transferase were significantly skewed, and these variables were log-transformed prior to regression. There was a positive linear correlation between log-alanine aminotransferase and log-creatine kinase. In the multiple regression analysis, log-creatine kinase, age, acute kidney injury stage, and chronic liver disease were independently associated with log-alanine aminotransferase. This model explained 46% of the variance of log-alanine aminotransferase. We found no correlation between the log-creatine kinase and the log-bilirubin, log-alkaline phosphatase, or log-γ-glutamyl transferase. Serum alanine aminotransferase was not associated with inpatient mortality but a higher creatine kinase-alanine aminotransferase ratio was associated with lower odds of mortality. In conclusion, an isolated elevation in alanine aminotransferase can occur in rhabdomyolysis, and it may be possible to anticipate the level of increase based on the peak creatine kinase.
- alanine aminotransferase; aminotransferases; creatine kinase; liver function tests; muscle injury; rhabdomyolysis