The mechanical behaviour of Fe–18Mn–0.6C–1Al (wt%) TWIP steel was modelled in the temperature range from room temperature to 400 °C. The proposed constitutive model was based on the Kocks–Mecking–Estrin (KME) model. The model parameters were determined using extensive experimental measurements of the physical parameters such as the dislocation mean free path and the volume fraction of twinned grains. More than 100 grains with a total area of ~300 μm2 were examined at different strain levels over the entire stress–strain curve. Uniaxial tensile deformation of the TWIP steel was modelled for different deformation temperatures using a modelling approach which considers two distinct populations of grains: twinned and twin-free ones. A key point of the work was a meticulous experimental determination of the evolution of the volume fraction of twinned grains during uniaxial tensile deformation. This information was implemented in a phase-mixture model that yielded a very good agreement with the experimental tensile behaviour for the tested range of deformation temperatures.
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Materials Science and Engineering A: Structural Materials: Properties, Microstructure and Processing|
|Publication status||Published - 8 Sep 2014|