A confirmatory snowfall enhancement project in the snowy mountains of Australia. Part 2: Primary and associated analyses

Michael Manton, Loredana Warren

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e Snowy Precipitation Enhancement Research Project (SPERP) was undertaken in winters from May 2005 to June 2009 in the Snowy Mountains region of southeastern Australia. Part I of this paper describes the design and implementation of the project, as well as the characteristics of the key datasets collected during the field phase. The primary analysis in this paper (Part II) shows an unequivocal impact on the targeting of seeding material, with the maximum level of silver in snow samples collected from the primary target area found to be significantly greater in seeded than unseeded experimental units (EUs). A positive but not statistically significant impact on precipitation was found. Further analysis shows that a substantial source of uncertainty in the estimation of the impacts of seeding on precipitation is associated with EUs where the seeding generators operated for relatively few hours. When the analysis is repeated using only EUs with more than 45 generator hours, the increase in precipitation in the primary target area is 14 at the 8 significance level. When applying that analysis to the overall target area, the precipitation increase is 14 at the 3 significance level. A secondary analysis of the ratio of silver to indium in snow supports the hypothesis that seeding material affected the cloud microphysics. Other secondary analyses reveal that seeding had an impact on virtually all of the physical variables examined in a manner consistent with the seeding hypothesis
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1448 - 1458
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - 2011

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