OzBio2010 was held at the Melbourne Convention and Exhibition Centre, September 26 to October 1, 2010. This international conference catered to researchers in several fields having complementary interests including biochemistry, molecular biology, cell biology, plant physiology and health-related research. It was held under the auspices of two major international scientific societies, IUBMB and FAOBMB, and the ComBio2010 collective (representing nine professional societies and groupings from Australia). A number of pre-eminent speakers presented at plenary sessions and in a wide array of specialist symposia. One of the plenary sessions and a specialist symposium highlighted autophagy-related topics.