A comparison of IVHO and DVHO in heterogeneous VLC-RF networks

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference PaperResearchpeer-review


The heterogeneous network (HetNet) of visible light communication (VLC) and radio frequency (RF) wireless communication networks is regarded as a potential solution to the six-generation (6G) wireless communication networks, due to its combined advantages in high data rate transmission and ubiquitous coverage of these two networks. Vertical handover (VHO) algorithm is necessary in this hybrid network to ensure user mobility when the VLC channel is disrupted. There have been a few research studies investigating VHO in VLC-RF HetNets and most researchers adopt two basic methods, immediate VHO (IVHO) and dwell VHO (DVHO) as benchmarks of their algorithm design to check the performances of their proposed algorithms; however, none of them have analysed these two methods. In this paper, we evaluated latency, handover times, and connection ratio of these two basic algorithms under different channel conditions and device characteristics. Simulation results show that neither of them can achieve global optimization performance and their performances can be influenced by channel quality, received data rate, and device properties. This inspired us to design an adaptive dwell-based VHO algorithm which considers multiple inputs for future studies.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication2021 IEEE Region 10 Symposium (TENSYMP 2021)
EditorsJeongYon Shim
Place of PublicationPiscataway NJ USA
PublisherIEEE, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers
Number of pages7
ISBN (Electronic)9781665400268
ISBN (Print)9781665400275
Publication statusPublished - 2021
EventIEEE Region 10 Symposium 2021 - Hybrid - on-site and online, Jeju, Korea, Republic of (South)
Duration: 23 Aug 202125 Aug 2021
https://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/conhome/9550759/proceeding (Proceedings)
https://www.tensymp2021.org/2021/ (Website)

Publication series

NameTENSYMP 2021 - 2021 IEEE Region 10 Symposium
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc.
ISSN (Print)2640-821X
ISSN (Electronic)2642-6102


ConferenceIEEE Region 10 Symposium 2021
Abbreviated titleTENSYMP 2021
Country/TerritoryKorea, Republic of (South)
Internet address


  • heterogeneous network (HetNet)
  • light fidelity (LiFi)
  • six-generation (6G) wireless network
  • vertical handover (VHO)
  • visible light communication (VLC)

Cite this