A comparative study on legal frameworks on renewable energy in Malaysia and India: Towards the commitments under the Paris agreement

Farahdilah Ghazali, Abdul Haseeb Ansari, Ridoan Karim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearch


Climate change has always been an agenda for the international community, individually and collectively, due to global warming and unusual weather conditions. The International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA) believes that the adequate deployment of clean energy can achieve the targets of the Paris Climate Change Agreement. Many countries have shown their commitments to decrease their carbon emission levels substantially, and they have done so by resorting to renewable energy sources. The renewable energy generation opens a viable door for climate change mitigation efforts. Both Malaysia and India are committed to fulfilling their obligations under the Paris Agreement. This comparative study evaluated the laws and policies related to renewable energy in Malaysia and India, as these countries progress towards their commitments under the Climate Change Convention (UNFCCC). This study operated under the comparative qualitative methodological framework and utilised secondary sources for analysis. Based on the comparative expositions, Malaysia can learn measures adopted by India to accelerate renewable energy development as well as reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emission, which will prove beneficial to the country as well as comply with international conventions and agreements.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)93-118
Number of pages26
JournalUUM Journal of Legal Studies
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2021


  • climate change
  • law
  • policies
  • Renewable energy
  • sustainable development

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