A comparative study of blood alcohol concentrations in Australian night-time entertainment districts

Peter Graeme Miller, Amy Pennay, Nicolas Droste, Erin Butler, Rebecca Anne Jenkinson, Shannon Hyder, Brendan Thomas Quinn, Tanya Chikritzhs, Stephen Tomsen, Phillip Wadds, Sandra Carol Jones, Darren Palmer, Lance Barrie, Tina Lam, William Gilmore, Dan Lubman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

23 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

There is little research describing how intoxication levels change throughout the night in entertainment districts. This research aims to describe levels of alcohol intoxication across multiple Australian metropolitan and regional nightlife districts. Design and Methods: This study was conducted in the night-time entertainment districts of three metropolitan cities (Sydney, Melbourne and Perth) and two regional cities (Wollongong and Geelong) in Australia. Data collection occurred approximately fortnightly in each city on a Friday or Saturday night between 8pm and 5am. Brief structured interviews (3-10min) and breathalyser tests were undertaken in busy thoroughfares over six months. Results: Of the 7037 individuals approached to participate in the study, 6998 [61.8 male, mean age 24.89 years (standard deviation 6.37; range 18-73)] agreed to be interviewed. There was a linear increase in blood alcohol concentration (BAC) levels throughout the night. Post hoc testing revealed significantly more highly intoxicated participants (i.e. BAC above 0.10mg of alcohol per 100mL of blood) after midnight (P
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)338-345
Number of pages8
JournalDrug and Alcohol Review
Volume33
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2014

Cite this