A combinatorial assessment of AlxCrCuFeNi2 (0 < x < 1.5) complex concentrated alloys: Microstructure, microhardness, and magnetic properties

T. Borkar, B. Gwalani, D. Choudhuri, C. V. Mikler, C. J. Yannetta, X. Chen, R. V. Ramanujan, M. J. Styles, M.A. Gibson, Rajarshi Banerjee

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This article discusses a novel combinatorial approach for assessing composition-microstructure-microhardness-magnetic property relationships, using laser deposited compositionally graded AlxCrCuFeNi2 (0 < x < 1.5) complex concentrated alloys as a candidate system. The composition gradient has been achieved from CrCuFeNi2 to Al1.5CrCuFeNi2 over a length of ∼25 mm, deposited using the laser engineered net shaping process from a blend of elemental powders. With increasing Al content, there was a gradual change from a fcc-based microstructure (including the ordered L12 phase) to a bcc-based microstructure (including the ordered B2 phase), accompanied with an increase in microhardness. Interestingly, with increasing paramagnetic Al content, saturation magnetization as well as coercivity increases and reaches a maximum value when x = 1.3, indicating the tunability of magnetic properties by a paramagnetic element in this alloy system. Such graded alloys are highly attractive candidates for investigating the influence of systematic compositional changes on microstructural evolution and concurrent physical and mechanical properties in complex concentrated alloys or high entropy alloys.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)63-76
Number of pages14
JournalActa Materialia
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sept 2016


  • Alloy design
  • Functional properties
  • High entropy alloys (HEAs)
  • High-throughput
  • Laser engineered net shaping

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