A Closing Window of Opportunity - When Does Multidimensional Poverty Become Chronic? A Longitudinal Study of Australians

Emily Joy Callander, Deborah J. Schofield

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter (Book)Researchpeer-review


Those in chronic poverty are defined as having a low chance of improving their situation. However, there is currently no consensus on what the critical time period for being labelled as ‘chronically poor’ is for multidimensional poverty. Longitudinal analysis of Waves 1–12 (2001–2012) of the nationally representative Household, Income and Labour Dynamics in Australia dataset was undertaken to determine the length of time an individual had to be in multidimensional poverty between Waves 1 (2001) and 11 (2011) for to have a significantly higher chance of still being in poverty in Wave 12 (2012). Multidimensional poverty was defined as having low income and poor health status (measured by the SF-36 Physical and Mental Component Summary Scores), or low income and an insufficient level of education attainment. This study has demonstrated that being in poverty for four consecutive years is the threshold for being chronically poor; being in poverty for four or more consecutive years significantly increases an individual’s chance of remaining in poverty.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationNew Dimensions in Community Well-Being
EditorsPatsy Kraeger, Scott Cloutier, Craig Talmage
Place of PublicationCham Switzerland
Number of pages14
ISBN (Electronic)9783319554082
ISBN (Print)9783319554075
Publication statusPublished - 2017
Externally publishedYes

Publication series

NameCommunity Quality-of-Life and Well-Being
ISSN (Print)2520-1093
ISSN (Electronic)2520-1107


  • Multidimensional poverty
  • Chronic poverty
  • SF-36
  • Longitudinal analysis

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