A century of trends in adult human height

James Bentham, Mariachiara Di Cesare, Gretchen A. Stevens, Bin Zhou, Honor Bixby, Melanie Cowan, Léa Fortunato, James E. Bennett, Goodarz Danaei, Kaveh Hajifathalian, Yuan Lu, Leanne M. Riley, Avula Laxmaiah, Vasilis Kontis, Christopher J. Paciorek, Majid Ezzati, Ziad A. Abdeen, Zargar Abdul Hamid, Niveen M. Abu-Rmeileh, Benjamin Acosta-Cazares & 766 others Robert Adams, Wichai Aekplakorn, Carlos A. Aguilar-Salinas, Charles Agyemang, Alireza Ahmadvand, Wolfgang Ahrens, Hazzaa M. Al-Hazzaa, Amani Rashed Al-Othman, Rajaa Al Raddadi, Mohamed M. Ali, Ala’a Alkerwi, Mar Alvarez-Pedrerol, Eman Aly, Philippe Amouyel, Antoinette Amuzu, Lars Bo Andersen, Sigmund A. Anderssen, Ranjit Mohan Anjana, Hajer Aounallah-Skhiri, Inger Ariansen, Tahir Aris, Nimmathota Arlappa, Dominique Arveiler, Felix K. Assah, Mária Avdicová, Fereidoun Azizi, Bontha V. Babu, Suhad Bahijri, Nagalla Balakrishna, Piotr Bandosz, José R. Banegas, Carlo M. Barbagallo, Alberto Barceló, Amina Barkat, Mauro V. Barros, Iqbal Bata, Anwar M. Batieha, Rosangela L. Batista, Louise A. Baur, Robert Beaglehole, Habiba Ben Romdhane, Mikhail Benet, Antonio Bernabe-Ortiz, Gailute Bernotiene, Heloisa Bettiol, Aroor Bhagyalaxmi, Sumit Bharadwaj, Santosh K. Bhargava, Zaid Bhatti, Zulfiqar A. Bhutta, Hongsheng Bi, Yufang Bi, Peter Bjerregaard, Espen Bjertness, Marius B. Bjertness, Cecilia Björkelund, Anneke Blokstra, Simona Bo, Martin Bobak, Lynne M. Boddy, Bernhard O. Boehm, Heiner Boeing, Carlos P. Boissonnet, Vanina Bongard, Pascal Bovet, Lutgart Braeckman, Marjolijn C E Bragt, Imperia Brajkovich, Francesco Branca, Juergen Breckenkamp, Hermann Brenner, Lizzy M. Brewster, Garry R. Brian, Graziella Bruno, H. Bas Bueno-de-Mesquita, Anna Bugge, Con Burns, Antonio Cabrera De León, Joseph Cacciottolo, Tilema Cama, Christine Cameron, José Camolas, Günay Can, Ana Paula C Cândido, Vincenzo Capuano, Viviane C. Cardoso, Axel C. Carlsson, Maria J. Carvalho, Felipe F. Casanueva, Juan Pablo Casas, Carmelo A. Caserta, Snehalatha Chamukuttan, Angelique W. Chan, Queenie Chan, Himanshu K. Chaturvedi, Nishi Chaturvedi, Chien Jen Chen, Fangfang Chen, Huashuai Chen, Shuohua Chen, Zhengming Chen, Ching Yu Cheng, Angela Chetrit, Arnaud Chiolero, Shu Ti Chiou, Adela Chirita-Emandi, Belong Cho, Yumi Cho, Kaare Christensen, Jerzy Chudek, Renata Cifkova, Frank Claessens, Els Clays, Hans Concin, Cyrus Cooper, Rachel Cooper, Tara C. Coppinger, Simona Costanzo, Dominique Cottel, Chris Cowell, Cora L. Craig, Ana B. Crujeiras, Graziella D’Arrigo, Eleonora d’Orsi, Jean Dallongeville, Albertino Damasceno, Camilla T. Damsgaard, Rachel Dankner, Luc Dauchet, Guy De Backer, Dirk De Bacquer, Giovanni de Gaetano, Stefaan De Henauw, Delphine De Smedt, Mohan Deepa, Alexander D. Deev, Abbas Dehghan, Hélène Delisle, Francis Delpeuch, Valérie Deschamps, Klodian Dhana, Augusto F. Di Castelnuovo, Juvenal Soares Dias-da-Costa, Alejandro Diaz, Shirin Djalalinia, Ha T P Do, Annette J. Dobson, Chiara Donfrancesco, Silvana P. Donoso, Angela Döring, Kouamelan Doua, Wojciech Drygas, Vilnis Dzerve, Eruke E. Egbagbe, Robert Eggertsen, Ulf Ekelund, Jalila El Ati, Paul Elliott, Reina Engle-Stone, Rajiv T. Erasmus, Cihangir Erem, Louise Eriksen, Jorge Escobedo-de la Peña, Alun Evans, David Faeh, Caroline H. Fall, Farshad Farzadfar, Francisco J. Felix-Redondo, Trevor S. Ferguson, Daniel Fernández-Bergés, Daniel Ferrante, Marika Ferrari, Catterina Ferreccio, Jean Ferrieres, Joseph D. Finn, Krista Fischer, Eric Monterubio Flores, Bernhard Föger, Leng Huat Foo, Ann Sofie Forslund, Maria Forsner, Stephen P. Fortmann, Heba M. Fouad, Damian K. Francis, Maria Do Carmo Franco, Oscar H. Franco, Guillermo Frontera, Flavio D. Fuchs, Sandra C. Fuchs, Yuki Fujita, Takuro Furusawa, Zbigniew Gaciong, Mihai Gafencu, Dickman Gareta, Sarah P. Garnett, Jean Michel Gaspoz, Magda Gasull, Louise Gates, Johanna M. Geleijnse, Anoosheh Ghasemian, Simona Giampaoli, Francesco Gianfagna, Jonathan Giovannelli, Aleksander Giwercman, Rebecca A. Goldsmith, Helen Gonçalves, Marcela Gonzalez Gross, Juan P. González Rivas, Mariano Bonet Gorbea, Frederic Gottrand, Sidsel Graff-Iversen, Dušan Grafnetter, Aneta Grajda, Maria G. Grammatikopoulou, Ronald D. Gregor, Tomasz Grodzicki, Anders Grøntved, Grabriella Gruden, Vera Grujic, Dongfeng Gu, Emanuela Gualdi-Russo, Ong Peng Guan, Vilmundur Gudnason, Ramiro Guerrero, Idris Guessous, Andre L. Guimaraes, Martin C. Gulliford, Johanna Gunnlaugsdottir, Marc Gunter, Xiuhua Guo, Yin Guo, Prakash C. Gupta, Oye Gureje, Beata Gurzkowska, Laura Gutierrez, Felix Gutzwiller, Jytte Halkjær, Ian R. Hambleton, Rebecca Hardy, Rachakulla Hari Kumar, Jun Hata, Alison J. Hayes, Jiang He, Marleen Elisabeth Hendriks, Leticia Hernandez Cadena, Sauli Herrala, Ramin Heshmat, Ilpo Tapani Hihtaniemi, Sai Yin Ho, Suzanne C. Ho, Michael Hobbs, Albert Hofman, Claudia M. Hormiga, Bernardo L. Horta, Leila Houti, Christina Howitt, Thein Thein Htay, Aung Soe Htet, Maung Maung Than Htike, Yonghua Hu, Abdullatif Husseini, Chinh Nguyen Huu, Inge Huybrechts, Nahla Hwalla, Licia Iacoviello, Anna G. Iannone, Mohsen M. Ibrahim, Nayu Ikeda, M. Arfan Ikram, Vilma E. Irazola, Muhammad Islam, Vanja Ivkovic, Masanori Iwasaki, Rod T. Jackson, Jeremy M. Jacobs, Tazeen Jafar, Kazi M. Jamil, Konrad Jamrozik, Imre Janszky, Grazyna Jasienska, Bojan Jelakovic, Chao Qiang Jiang, Michel Joffres, Mattias Johansson, Jost B. Jonas, Torben Jørgensen, Pradeep Joshi, Anne Juolevi, Gregor Jurak, Vesna Jureša, Rudolf Kaaks, Anthony Kafatos, Ofra Kalter-Leibovici, Efthymios Kapantais, Amir Kasaeian, Joanne Katz, Prabhdeep Kaur, Maryam Kavousi, Ulrich Keil, Lital Keinan Boker, Sirkka Keinänen-Kiukaanniemi, Roya Kelishadi, Han C G Kemper, Andre P. Kengne, Mathilde Kersting, Timothy Key, Yousef Saleh Khader, Davood Khalili, Young Ho Khang, Kay Tee H Khaw, Ilse M S L Khouw, Stefan Kiechl, Japhet Killewo, Jeongseon Kim, Jeannette Klimont, Jurate Klumbiene, Bhawesh Koirala, Elin Kolle, Patrick Kolsteren, Paul Korrovits, Seppo Koskinen, Katsuyasu Kouda, Slawomir Koziel, Wolfgang Kratzer, Steinar Krokstad, Daan Kromhout, Herculina S. Kruger, Ruzena Kubinova, Urho M. Kujala, Krzysztof Kula, Zbigniew Kulaga, R. Krishna Kumar, Pawel Kurjata, Yadlapalli S. Kusuma, Kari Kuulasmaa, Catherine Kyobutungi, Fatima Zahra Laamiri, Tiina Laatikainen, Carl Lachat, Youcef Laid, Tai Hing Lam, Orlando Landrove, Vera Lanska, Georg Lappas, Bagher Larijani, Lars E. Laugsand, Khanh Le Nguyen Bao, Tuyen D. Le, Catherine Leclercq, Jeannette Lee, Jeonghee Lee, Terho Lehtimäki, Rampal Lekhraj, Luz M. León-Muñoz, Yanping Li, Christa L. Lilly, Wei Yen Lim, M. Fernanda Lima-Costa, Hsien Ho Lin, Xu Lin, Allan Linneberg, Lauren Lissner, Mieczyslaw Litwin, Jing Liu, Roberto Lorbeer, Paulo A. Lotufo, José Eugenio Lozano, Dalia Luksiene, Annamari Lundqvist, Nuno Lunet, Per Lytsy, Guansheng Ma, Jun Ma, George L L Machado-Coelho, Suka Machi, Stefania Maggi, Dianna J. Magliano, Bernard Maire, Marcia Makdisse, Reza Malekzadeh, Rahul Malhotra, Kodavanti Mallikharjuna Rao, Sofia Malyutina, Yannis Manios, Jim I. Mann, Enzo Manzato, Paula Margozzini, Oonagh Markey, Pedro Marques-Vidal, Jaume Marrugat, Yves Martin-Prevel, Reynaldo Martorell, Shariq R. Masoodi, Ellisiv B. Mathiesen, Tandi E. Matsha, Artur Mazur, Jean Claude N Mbanya, Shelly R. McFarlane, Stephen T. McGarvey, Martin McKee, Stela McLachlan, Rachael M. McLean, Breige A. McNulty, Safiah Md Yusof, Sounnia Mediene-Benchekor, Aline Meirhaeghe, Christa Meisinger, Ana Maria B Menezes, Gert B M Mensink, Indrapal I. Meshram, Andres Metspalu, Jie Mi, Kim F. Michaelsen, Kairit Mikkel, Jody C. Miller, Juan Francisco Miquel, J. Jaime Miranda, Marjeta Mišigoj-Durakovic, Mostafa K. Mohamed, Kazem Mohammad, Noushin Mohammadifard, Viswanathan Mohan, Muhammad Fadhli Mohd Yusoff, Drude Molbo, Niels C. Møller, Dénes Molnár, Charles K. Mondo, Eric A. Monterrubio, Kotsedi Daniel K Monyeki, Leila B. Moreira, Alain Morejon, Luis A. Moreno, Karen Morgan, Erik Lykke Mortensen, George Moschonis, Malgorzata Mossakowska, Aya Mostafa, Jorge Mota, Mohammad Esmaeel Motlagh, Jorge Motta, Thet Thet Mu, Maria Lorenza Muiesan, Martina Müller-Nurasyid, Neil Murphy, Jaakko Mursu, Elaine M. Murtagh, Kamarul Imran Musa, Vera Musil, Gabriele Nagel, Harunobu Nakamura, Jana Námešná, Ei Ei K Nang, Vinay B. Nangia, Martin Nankap, Sameer Narake, Eva Maria Navarrete-Muñoz, William A. Neal, Ilona Nenko, Martin Neovius, Flavio Nervi, Hannelore K. Neuhauser, Nguyen D. Nguyen, Quang Ngoc Nguyen, Ramfis E. Nieto-Martínez, Guang Ning, Toshiharu Ninomiya, Sania Nishtar, Marianna Noale, Teresa Norat, Davide Noto, Mohannad Al Nsour, Dermot O’Reilly, Kyungwon Oh, Iman H. Olayan, Maria Teresa Anselmo Olinto, Maciej Oltarzewski, Mohd A. Omar, Altan Onat, Pedro Ordunez, Ana P. Ortiz, Merete Osler, Clive Osmond, Sergej M. Ostojic, Johanna A. Otero, Kim Overvad, Ellis Owusu-Dabo, Fred Michel Paccaud, Cristina Padez, Elena Pahomova, Andrzej Pajak, Domenico Palli, Alberto Palloni, Luigi Palmieri, Songhomitra Panda-Jonas, Francesco Panza, Winsome R. Parnell, Mahboubeh Parsaeian, Ivan Pecin, Mangesh S. Pednekar, Petra H. Peeters, Sergio Viana Peixoto, Markku Peltonen, Alexandre C. Pereira, Cynthia M. Pérez, Annette Peters, Janina Petkeviciene, Niloofar Peykari, Son Thai Pham, Iris Pigeot, Hynek Pikhart, Aida Pilav, Lorenza Pilotto, Francesco Pistelli, Freda Pitakaka, Aleksandra Piwonska, Pedro Plans-Rubió, Bee Koon Poh, Miquel Porta, Marileen L P Portegies, Dimitrios Poulimeneas, Rajendra Pradeepa, Mathur Prashant, Jacqueline F. Price, Maria Puiu, Margus Punab, Radwan F. Qasrawi, Mostafa Qorbani, Tran Quoc Bao, Ivana Radic, Ricardas Radisauskas, Mah mudur Rahman, Olli Raitakari, Manu Raj, Sudha Ramachandra Rao, Ambady Ramachandran, Jacqueline Ramke, Rafel Ramos, Sanjay Rampal, Finn Rasmussen, Josep Redon, Paul Ferdinand M Reganit, Robespierre Ribeiro, Elio Riboli, Fernando Rigo, Tobias F. Rinke de Wit, Raphael M. Ritti-Dias, Juan A. Rivera, Sian M. Robinson, Cynthia Robitaille, Fernando Rodríguez-Artalejo, María Del Cristo Rodriguez-Perez, Laura A. Rodríguez-Villamizar, Rosalba Rojas-Martinez, Nipa Rojroong-Wasinkul, Dora Romaguera, Kimmo Ronkainen, Annika Rosengren, Ian Rouse, Adolfo Rubinstein, Frank J. Rühli, Ornelas Rui, Blanca Sandra Ruiz-Betancourt, Andrea R V Russo Horimoto, Marcin Rutkowski, Charumathi Sabanayagam, Harshpal S. Sachdev, Olfa Saidi, Benoit Salanave, Eduardo Salazar Martinez, Veikko Salomaa, Jukka T. Salonen, Massimo Salvetti, Jose Sánchez-Abanto, Sandjaja, Susana Sans, Diana A. Santos, Osvaldo Santos, Renata Nunes Dos Santos, Rute Santos, Jouko L. Saramies, Luis B. Sardinha, Nizal Sarrafzadegan, Kai Uwe Saum, Savvas C. Savva, Marcia Scazufca, Angelika Schaffrath Rosario, Herman Schargrodsky, Anja Schienkiewitz, Ida Maria Schmidt, Ione J. Schneider, Constance Schultsz, Aletta E. Schutte, Aye Aye Sein, Abhijit Sen, Idowu O. Senbanjo, Sadaf G. Sepanlou, Svetlana A. Shalnova, Sanjib K. Sharma, Jonathan E. Shaw, Kenji Shibuya, Dong Wook Shin, Youchan Shin, Rahman Shiri, Rosalynn Siantar, Abla M. Sibai, Antonio M. Silva, Diego Augusto Santos Silva, Mary Simon, Judith Simons, Leon A. Simons, Michael Sjostrom, Jolanta Slowikowska-Hilczer, Przemyslaw Slusarczyk, Liam Smeeth, Margaret C. Smith, Marieke B. Snijder, Hung Kwan So, Eugène Sobngwi, Stefan Söderberg, Moesijanti Y E Soekatri, Vincenzo Solfrizzi, Emily Sonestedt, Yi Song, Thorkild I A Sørensen, Maroje Soric, Charles Sossa Jérome, Aicha Soumare, Jan A. Staessen, Gregor Starc, Maria G. Stathopoulou, Kaspar Staub, Bill Stavreski, Jostein Steene-Johannessen, Peter Stehle, Aryeh D. Stein, George S. Stergiou, Jochanan Stessman, Jutta Stieber, Doris Stöckl, Tanja Stocks, Jakub Stokwiszewski, Gareth Stratton, Karien Stronks, Maria Wany Strufaldi, Chien An Sun, Johan Sundström, Yn Tz Sung, Jordi Sunyer, Paibul Suriyawongpaisal, Boyd A. Swinburn, Rody G. Sy, Lucjan Szponar, E. Shyong Tai, Mari Liis Tammesoo, Abdonas Tamosiunas, Line Tang, Xun Tang, Frank Tanser, Yong Tao, Mohammed Rasoul Tarawneh, Jakob Tarp, Carolina B. Tarqui-Mamani, Anne Taylor, Félicité Tchibindat, Holger Theobald, Lutgarde Thijs, Betina H. Thuesen, Anne Tjonneland, Hanna K. Tolonen, Janne S. Tolstrup, Murat Topbas, Roman Topór-Madry, Maties Torrent, Stefania Toselli, Pierre Traissac, Antonia Trichopoulou, Dimitrios Trichopoulos, Oanh T H Trinh, Atul Trivedi, Lechaba Tshepo, Marshall K. Tulloch-Reid, Tomi Pekka Tuomainen, Jaakko Tuomilehto, Maria L. Turley, Per Tynelius, Themistoklis Tzotzas, Christophe Tzourio, Peter Ueda, Flora A M Ukoli, Hanno Ulmer, Belgin Unal, Hannu M T Uusitalo, Gonzalo Valdivia, Susana Vale, Damaskini Valvi, Yvonne T. van der Schouw, Koen Van Herck, Hoang Van Minh, Lenie van Rossem, Irene G M van Valkengoed, Dirk Vanderschueren, Diego Vanuzzo, Lars Vatten, Tomas Vega, Gustavo Velasquez-Melendez, Giovanni Veronesi, W. M. Monique Verschuren, Roosmarijn Verstraeten, Cesar G. Victora, Giovanni Viegi, Lucie Viet, Eira Viikari-Juntura, Paolo Vineis, Jesus Vioque, Jyrki K. Virtanen, Sophie Visvikis-Siest, Bharathi Viswanathan, Peter Vollenweider, Sari Voutilainen, Ana Vrdoljak, Martine Vrijheid, Alisha N. Wade, Aline Wagner, Janette Walton, Wan Nazaimoon Wan Mohamud, Ming Dong Wang, Qian Wang, Ya Xing Wang, S. Goya Wannamethee, Nicholas Wareham, Deepa Weerasekera, Peter H. Whincup, Kurt Widhalm, Indah S. Widyahening, Andrzej Wiecek, Alet H. Wijga, Rainford J. Wilks, Johann Willeit, Tom Wilsgaard, Bogdan Wojtyniak, Jyh Eiin Wong, Tien Yin Wong, Jean Woo, Mark Woodward, Frederick C. Wu, Jianfeng Wu, Shou Ling Wu, Haiquan Xu, Liang Xu, Uruwan Yamborisut, Weili Yan, Xiaoguang Yang, Nazan Yardim, Xingwang Ye, Panayiotis K. Yiallouros, Akihiro Yoshihara, Qi Sheng You, Novie O. Younger-Coleman, Ahmad F. Yusoff, Ahmad A. Zainuddin, Sabina Zambon, Tomasz Zdrojewski, Yi Zeng, Dong Zhao, Wenhua Zhao, Yingfeng Zheng

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

74 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Being taller is associated with enhanced longevity, and higher education and earnings. We reanalysed 1472 population-based studies, with measurement of height on more than 18.6 million participants to estimate mean height for people born between 1896 and 1996 in 200 countries. The largest gain in adult height over the past century has occurred in South Korean women and Iranian men, who became 20.2 cm (95% credible interval 17.5-22.7) and 16.5 cm (13.3- 19.7) taller, respectively. In contrast, there was little change in adult height in some sub-Saharan African countries and in South Asia over the century of analysis. The tallest people over these 100 years are men born in the Netherlands in the last quarter of 20th century, whose average heights surpassed 182.5 cm, and the shortest were women born in Guatemala in 1896 (140.3 cm; 135.8- 144.8). The height differential between the tallest and shortest populations was 19-20 cm a century ago, and has remained the same for women and increased for men a century later despite substantial changes in the ranking of countries.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere13410
JournaleLife
Volume5
Issue number2016JULY
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 26 Jul 2016
Externally publishedYes

Cite this

Bentham, J., Di Cesare, M., Stevens, G. A., Zhou, B., Bixby, H., Cowan, M., ... Zheng, Y. (2016). A century of trends in adult human height. eLife, 5(2016JULY), [e13410]. https://doi.org/10.7554/eLife.13410.001
Bentham, James ; Di Cesare, Mariachiara ; Stevens, Gretchen A. ; Zhou, Bin ; Bixby, Honor ; Cowan, Melanie ; Fortunato, Léa ; Bennett, James E. ; Danaei, Goodarz ; Hajifathalian, Kaveh ; Lu, Yuan ; Riley, Leanne M. ; Laxmaiah, Avula ; Kontis, Vasilis ; Paciorek, Christopher J. ; Ezzati, Majid ; Abdeen, Ziad A. ; Hamid, Zargar Abdul ; Abu-Rmeileh, Niveen M. ; Acosta-Cazares, Benjamin ; Adams, Robert ; Aekplakorn, Wichai ; Aguilar-Salinas, Carlos A. ; Agyemang, Charles ; Ahmadvand, Alireza ; Ahrens, Wolfgang ; Al-Hazzaa, Hazzaa M. ; Al-Othman, Amani Rashed ; Raddadi, Rajaa Al ; Ali, Mohamed M. ; Alkerwi, Ala’a ; Alvarez-Pedrerol, Mar ; Aly, Eman ; Amouyel, Philippe ; Amuzu, Antoinette ; Andersen, Lars Bo ; Anderssen, Sigmund A. ; Anjana, Ranjit Mohan ; Aounallah-Skhiri, Hajer ; Ariansen, Inger ; Aris, Tahir ; Arlappa, Nimmathota ; Arveiler, Dominique ; Assah, Felix K. ; Avdicová, Mária ; Azizi, Fereidoun ; Babu, Bontha V. ; Bahijri, Suhad ; Balakrishna, Nagalla ; Bandosz, Piotr ; Banegas, José R. ; Barbagallo, Carlo M. ; Barceló, Alberto ; Barkat, Amina ; Barros, Mauro V. ; Bata, Iqbal ; Batieha, Anwar M. ; Batista, Rosangela L. ; Baur, Louise A. ; Beaglehole, Robert ; Romdhane, Habiba Ben ; Benet, Mikhail ; Bernabe-Ortiz, Antonio ; Bernotiene, Gailute ; Bettiol, Heloisa ; Bhagyalaxmi, Aroor ; Bharadwaj, Sumit ; Bhargava, Santosh K. ; Bhatti, Zaid ; Bhutta, Zulfiqar A. ; Bi, Hongsheng ; Bi, Yufang ; Bjerregaard, Peter ; Bjertness, Espen ; Bjertness, Marius B. ; Björkelund, Cecilia ; Blokstra, Anneke ; Bo, Simona ; Bobak, Martin ; Boddy, Lynne M. ; Boehm, Bernhard O. ; Boeing, Heiner ; Boissonnet, Carlos P. ; Bongard, Vanina ; Bovet, Pascal ; Braeckman, Lutgart ; Bragt, Marjolijn C E ; Brajkovich, Imperia ; Branca, Francesco ; Breckenkamp, Juergen ; Brenner, Hermann ; Brewster, Lizzy M. ; Brian, Garry R. ; Bruno, Graziella ; Bueno-de-Mesquita, H. Bas ; Bugge, Anna ; Burns, Con ; De León, Antonio Cabrera ; Cacciottolo, Joseph ; Cama, Tilema ; Cameron, Christine ; Camolas, José ; Can, Günay ; Cândido, Ana Paula C ; Capuano, Vincenzo ; Cardoso, Viviane C. ; Carlsson, Axel C. ; Carvalho, Maria J. ; Casanueva, Felipe F. ; Casas, Juan Pablo ; Caserta, Carmelo A. ; Chamukuttan, Snehalatha ; Chan, Angelique W. ; Chan, Queenie ; Chaturvedi, Himanshu K. ; Chaturvedi, Nishi ; Chen, Chien Jen ; Chen, Fangfang ; Chen, Huashuai ; Chen, Shuohua ; Chen, Zhengming ; Cheng, Ching Yu ; Chetrit, Angela ; Chiolero, Arnaud ; Chiou, Shu Ti ; Chirita-Emandi, Adela ; Cho, Belong ; Cho, Yumi ; Christensen, Kaare ; Chudek, Jerzy ; Cifkova, Renata ; Claessens, Frank ; Clays, Els ; Concin, Hans ; Cooper, Cyrus ; Cooper, Rachel ; Coppinger, Tara C. ; Costanzo, Simona ; Cottel, Dominique ; Cowell, Chris ; Craig, Cora L. ; Crujeiras, Ana B. ; D’Arrigo, Graziella ; d’Orsi, Eleonora ; Dallongeville, Jean ; Damasceno, Albertino ; Damsgaard, Camilla T. ; Dankner, Rachel ; Dauchet, Luc ; De Backer, Guy ; De Bacquer, Dirk ; de Gaetano, Giovanni ; De Henauw, Stefaan ; De Smedt, Delphine ; Deepa, Mohan ; Deev, Alexander D. ; Dehghan, Abbas ; Delisle, Hélène ; Delpeuch, Francis ; Deschamps, Valérie ; Dhana, Klodian ; Di Castelnuovo, Augusto F. ; Dias-da-Costa, Juvenal Soares ; Diaz, Alejandro ; Djalalinia, Shirin ; Do, Ha T P ; Dobson, Annette J. ; Donfrancesco, Chiara ; Donoso, Silvana P. ; Döring, Angela ; Doua, Kouamelan ; Drygas, Wojciech ; Dzerve, Vilnis ; Egbagbe, Eruke E. ; Eggertsen, Robert ; Ekelund, Ulf ; El Ati, Jalila ; Elliott, Paul ; Engle-Stone, Reina ; Erasmus, Rajiv T. ; Erem, Cihangir ; Eriksen, Louise ; Escobedo-de la Peña, Jorge ; Evans, Alun ; Faeh, David ; Fall, Caroline H. ; Farzadfar, Farshad ; Felix-Redondo, Francisco J. ; Ferguson, Trevor S. ; Fernández-Bergés, Daniel ; Ferrante, Daniel ; Ferrari, Marika ; Ferreccio, Catterina ; Ferrieres, Jean ; Finn, Joseph D. ; Fischer, Krista ; Flores, Eric Monterubio ; Föger, Bernhard ; Foo, Leng Huat ; Forslund, Ann Sofie ; Forsner, Maria ; Fortmann, Stephen P. ; Fouad, Heba M. ; Francis, Damian K. ; Do Carmo Franco, Maria ; Franco, Oscar H. ; Frontera, Guillermo ; Fuchs, Flavio D. ; Fuchs, Sandra C. ; Fujita, Yuki ; Furusawa, Takuro ; Gaciong, Zbigniew ; Gafencu, Mihai ; Gareta, Dickman ; Garnett, Sarah P. ; Gaspoz, Jean Michel ; Gasull, Magda ; Gates, Louise ; Geleijnse, Johanna M. ; Ghasemian, Anoosheh ; Giampaoli, Simona ; Gianfagna, Francesco ; Giovannelli, Jonathan ; Giwercman, Aleksander ; Goldsmith, Rebecca A. ; Gonçalves, Helen ; Gross, Marcela Gonzalez ; González Rivas, Juan P. ; Gorbea, Mariano Bonet ; Gottrand, Frederic ; Graff-Iversen, Sidsel ; Grafnetter, Dušan ; Grajda, Aneta ; Grammatikopoulou, Maria G. ; Gregor, Ronald D. ; Grodzicki, Tomasz ; Grøntved, Anders ; Gruden, Grabriella ; Grujic, Vera ; Gu, Dongfeng ; Gualdi-Russo, Emanuela ; Guan, Ong Peng ; Gudnason, Vilmundur ; Guerrero, Ramiro ; Guessous, Idris ; Guimaraes, Andre L. ; Gulliford, Martin C. ; Gunnlaugsdottir, Johanna ; Gunter, Marc ; Guo, Xiuhua ; Guo, Yin ; Gupta, Prakash C. ; Gureje, Oye ; Gurzkowska, Beata ; Gutierrez, Laura ; Gutzwiller, Felix ; Halkjær, Jytte ; Hambleton, Ian R. ; Hardy, Rebecca ; Kumar, Rachakulla Hari ; Hata, Jun ; Hayes, Alison J. ; He, Jiang ; Hendriks, Marleen Elisabeth ; Cadena, Leticia Hernandez ; Herrala, Sauli ; Heshmat, Ramin ; Hihtaniemi, Ilpo Tapani ; Ho, Sai Yin ; Ho, Suzanne C. ; Hobbs, Michael ; Hofman, Albert ; Hormiga, Claudia M. ; Horta, Bernardo L. ; Houti, Leila ; Howitt, Christina ; Htay, Thein Thein ; Htet, Aung Soe ; Htike, Maung Maung Than ; Hu, Yonghua ; Husseini, Abdullatif ; Huu, Chinh Nguyen ; Huybrechts, Inge ; Hwalla, Nahla ; Iacoviello, Licia ; Iannone, Anna G. ; Ibrahim, Mohsen M. ; Ikeda, Nayu ; Arfan Ikram, M. ; Irazola, Vilma E. ; Islam, Muhammad ; Ivkovic, Vanja ; Iwasaki, Masanori ; Jackson, Rod T. ; Jacobs, Jeremy M. ; Jafar, Tazeen ; Jamil, Kazi M. ; Jamrozik, Konrad ; Janszky, Imre ; Jasienska, Grazyna ; Jelakovic, Bojan ; Jiang, Chao Qiang ; Joffres, Michel ; Johansson, Mattias ; Jonas, Jost B. ; Jørgensen, Torben ; Joshi, Pradeep ; Juolevi, Anne ; Jurak, Gregor ; Jureša, Vesna ; Kaaks, Rudolf ; Kafatos, Anthony ; Kalter-Leibovici, Ofra ; Kapantais, Efthymios ; Kasaeian, Amir ; Katz, Joanne ; Kaur, Prabhdeep ; Kavousi, Maryam ; Keil, Ulrich ; Boker, Lital Keinan ; Keinänen-Kiukaanniemi, Sirkka ; Kelishadi, Roya ; Kemper, Han C G ; Kengne, Andre P. ; Kersting, Mathilde ; Key, Timothy ; Khader, Yousef Saleh ; Khalili, Davood ; Khang, Young Ho ; Khaw, Kay Tee H ; Khouw, Ilse M S L ; Kiechl, Stefan ; Killewo, Japhet ; Kim, Jeongseon ; Klimont, Jeannette ; Klumbiene, Jurate ; Koirala, Bhawesh ; Kolle, Elin ; Kolsteren, Patrick ; Korrovits, Paul ; Koskinen, Seppo ; Kouda, Katsuyasu ; Koziel, Slawomir ; Kratzer, Wolfgang ; Krokstad, Steinar ; Kromhout, Daan ; Kruger, Herculina S. ; Kubinova, Ruzena ; Kujala, Urho M. ; Kula, Krzysztof ; Kulaga, Zbigniew ; Krishna Kumar, R. ; Kurjata, Pawel ; Kusuma, Yadlapalli S. ; Kuulasmaa, Kari ; Kyobutungi, Catherine ; Laamiri, Fatima Zahra ; Laatikainen, Tiina ; Lachat, Carl ; Laid, Youcef ; Lam, Tai Hing ; Landrove, Orlando ; Lanska, Vera ; Lappas, Georg ; Larijani, Bagher ; Laugsand, Lars E. ; Bao, Khanh Le Nguyen ; Le, Tuyen D. ; Leclercq, Catherine ; Lee, Jeannette ; Lee, Jeonghee ; Lehtimäki, Terho ; Lekhraj, Rampal ; León-Muñoz, Luz M. ; Li, Yanping ; Lilly, Christa L. ; Lim, Wei Yen ; Fernanda Lima-Costa, M. ; Lin, Hsien Ho ; Lin, Xu ; Linneberg, Allan ; Lissner, Lauren ; Litwin, Mieczyslaw ; Liu, Jing ; Lorbeer, Roberto ; Lotufo, Paulo A. ; Lozano, José Eugenio ; Luksiene, Dalia ; Lundqvist, Annamari ; Lunet, Nuno ; Lytsy, Per ; Ma, Guansheng ; Ma, Jun ; Machado-Coelho, George L L ; Machi, Suka ; Maggi, Stefania ; Magliano, Dianna J. ; Maire, Bernard ; Makdisse, Marcia ; Malekzadeh, Reza ; Malhotra, Rahul ; Rao, Kodavanti Mallikharjuna ; Malyutina, Sofia ; Manios, Yannis ; Mann, Jim I. ; Manzato, Enzo ; Margozzini, Paula ; Markey, Oonagh ; Marques-Vidal, Pedro ; Marrugat, Jaume ; Martin-Prevel, Yves ; Martorell, Reynaldo ; Masoodi, Shariq R. ; Mathiesen, Ellisiv B. ; Matsha, Tandi E. ; Mazur, Artur ; Mbanya, Jean Claude N ; McFarlane, Shelly R. ; McGarvey, Stephen T. ; McKee, Martin ; McLachlan, Stela ; McLean, Rachael M. ; McNulty, Breige A. ; Yusof, Safiah Md ; Mediene-Benchekor, Sounnia ; Meirhaeghe, Aline ; Meisinger, Christa ; Menezes, Ana Maria B ; Mensink, Gert B M ; Meshram, Indrapal I. ; Metspalu, Andres ; Mi, Jie ; Michaelsen, Kim F. ; Mikkel, Kairit ; Miller, Jody C. ; Miquel, Juan Francisco ; Jaime Miranda, J. ; Mišigoj-Durakovic, Marjeta ; Mohamed, Mostafa K. ; Mohammad, Kazem ; Mohammadifard, Noushin ; Mohan, Viswanathan ; Yusoff, Muhammad Fadhli Mohd ; Molbo, Drude ; Møller, Niels C. ; Molnár, Dénes ; Mondo, Charles K. ; Monterrubio, Eric A. ; Monyeki, Kotsedi Daniel K ; Moreira, Leila B. ; Morejon, Alain ; Moreno, Luis A. ; Morgan, Karen ; Mortensen, Erik Lykke ; Moschonis, George ; Mossakowska, Malgorzata ; Mostafa, Aya ; Mota, Jorge ; Motlagh, Mohammad Esmaeel ; Motta, Jorge ; Mu, Thet Thet ; Muiesan, Maria Lorenza ; Müller-Nurasyid, Martina ; Murphy, Neil ; Mursu, Jaakko ; Murtagh, Elaine M. ; Musa, Kamarul Imran ; Musil, Vera ; Nagel, Gabriele ; Nakamura, Harunobu ; Námešná, Jana ; Nang, Ei Ei K ; Nangia, Vinay B. ; Nankap, Martin ; Narake, Sameer ; Navarrete-Muñoz, Eva Maria ; Neal, William A. ; Nenko, Ilona ; Neovius, Martin ; Nervi, Flavio ; Neuhauser, Hannelore K. ; Nguyen, Nguyen D. ; Nguyen, Quang Ngoc ; Nieto-Martínez, Ramfis E. ; Ning, Guang ; Ninomiya, Toshiharu ; Nishtar, Sania ; Noale, Marianna ; Norat, Teresa ; Noto, Davide ; Nsour, Mohannad Al ; O’Reilly, Dermot ; Oh, Kyungwon ; Olayan, Iman H. ; Olinto, Maria Teresa Anselmo ; Oltarzewski, Maciej ; Omar, Mohd A. ; Onat, Altan ; Ordunez, Pedro ; Ortiz, Ana P. ; Osler, Merete ; Osmond, Clive ; Ostojic, Sergej M. ; Otero, Johanna A. ; Overvad, Kim ; Owusu-Dabo, Ellis ; Paccaud, Fred Michel ; Padez, Cristina ; Pahomova, Elena ; Pajak, Andrzej ; Palli, Domenico ; Palloni, Alberto ; Palmieri, Luigi ; Panda-Jonas, Songhomitra ; Panza, Francesco ; Parnell, Winsome R. ; Parsaeian, Mahboubeh ; Pecin, Ivan ; Pednekar, Mangesh S. ; Peeters, Petra H. ; Peixoto, Sergio Viana ; Peltonen, Markku ; Pereira, Alexandre C. ; Pérez, Cynthia M. ; Peters, Annette ; Petkeviciene, Janina ; Peykari, Niloofar ; Pham, Son Thai ; Pigeot, Iris ; Pikhart, Hynek ; Pilav, Aida ; Pilotto, Lorenza ; Pistelli, Francesco ; Pitakaka, Freda ; Piwonska, Aleksandra ; Plans-Rubió, Pedro ; Poh, Bee Koon ; Porta, Miquel ; Portegies, Marileen L P ; Poulimeneas, Dimitrios ; Pradeepa, Rajendra ; Prashant, Mathur ; Price, Jacqueline F. ; Puiu, Maria ; Punab, Margus ; Qasrawi, Radwan F. ; Qorbani, Mostafa ; Bao, Tran Quoc ; Radic, Ivana ; Radisauskas, Ricardas ; Rahman, Mah mudur ; Raitakari, Olli ; Raj, Manu ; Rao, Sudha Ramachandra ; Ramachandran, Ambady ; Ramke, Jacqueline ; Ramos, Rafel ; Rampal, Sanjay ; Rasmussen, Finn ; Redon, Josep ; Reganit, Paul Ferdinand M ; Ribeiro, Robespierre ; Riboli, Elio ; Rigo, Fernando ; Rinke de Wit, Tobias F. ; Ritti-Dias, Raphael M. ; Rivera, Juan A. ; Robinson, Sian M. ; Robitaille, Cynthia ; Rodríguez-Artalejo, Fernando ; Del Cristo Rodriguez-Perez, María ; Rodríguez-Villamizar, Laura A. ; Rojas-Martinez, Rosalba ; Rojroong-Wasinkul, Nipa ; Romaguera, Dora ; Ronkainen, Kimmo ; Rosengren, Annika ; Rouse, Ian ; Rubinstein, Adolfo ; Rühli, Frank J. ; Rui, Ornelas ; Ruiz-Betancourt, Blanca Sandra ; Russo Horimoto, Andrea R V ; Rutkowski, Marcin ; Sabanayagam, Charumathi ; Sachdev, Harshpal S. ; Saidi, Olfa ; Salanave, Benoit ; Martinez, Eduardo Salazar ; Salomaa, Veikko ; Salonen, Jukka T. ; Salvetti, Massimo ; Sánchez-Abanto, Jose ; Sandjaja ; Sans, Susana ; Santos, Diana A. ; Santos, Osvaldo ; Dos Santos, Renata Nunes ; Santos, Rute ; Saramies, Jouko L. ; Sardinha, Luis B. ; Sarrafzadegan, Nizal ; Saum, Kai Uwe ; Savva, Savvas C. ; Scazufca, Marcia ; Rosario, Angelika Schaffrath ; Schargrodsky, Herman ; Schienkiewitz, Anja ; Schmidt, Ida Maria ; Schneider, Ione J. ; Schultsz, Constance ; Schutte, Aletta E. ; Sein, Aye Aye ; Sen, Abhijit ; Senbanjo, Idowu O. ; Sepanlou, Sadaf G. ; Shalnova, Svetlana A. ; Sharma, Sanjib K. ; Shaw, Jonathan E. ; Shibuya, Kenji ; Shin, Dong Wook ; Shin, Youchan ; Shiri, Rahman ; Siantar, Rosalynn ; Sibai, Abla M. ; Silva, Antonio M. ; Silva, Diego Augusto Santos ; Simon, Mary ; Simons, Judith ; Simons, Leon A. ; Sjostrom, Michael ; Slowikowska-Hilczer, Jolanta ; Slusarczyk, Przemyslaw ; Smeeth, Liam ; Smith, Margaret C. ; Snijder, Marieke B. ; So, Hung Kwan ; Sobngwi, Eugène ; Söderberg, Stefan ; Soekatri, Moesijanti Y E ; Solfrizzi, Vincenzo ; Sonestedt, Emily ; Song, Yi ; Sørensen, Thorkild I A ; Soric, Maroje ; Jérome, Charles Sossa ; Soumare, Aicha ; Staessen, Jan A. ; Starc, Gregor ; Stathopoulou, Maria G. ; Staub, Kaspar ; Stavreski, Bill ; Steene-Johannessen, Jostein ; Stehle, Peter ; Stein, Aryeh D. ; Stergiou, George S. ; Stessman, Jochanan ; Stieber, Jutta ; Stöckl, Doris ; Stocks, Tanja ; Stokwiszewski, Jakub ; Stratton, Gareth ; Stronks, Karien ; Strufaldi, Maria Wany ; Sun, Chien An ; Sundström, Johan ; Sung, Yn Tz ; Sunyer, Jordi ; Suriyawongpaisal, Paibul ; Swinburn, Boyd A. ; Sy, Rody G. ; Szponar, Lucjan ; Shyong Tai, E. ; Tammesoo, Mari Liis ; Tamosiunas, Abdonas ; Tang, Line ; Tang, Xun ; Tanser, Frank ; Tao, Yong ; Tarawneh, Mohammed Rasoul ; Tarp, Jakob ; Tarqui-Mamani, Carolina B. ; Taylor, Anne ; Tchibindat, Félicité ; Theobald, Holger ; Thijs, Lutgarde ; Thuesen, Betina H. ; Tjonneland, Anne ; Tolonen, Hanna K. ; Tolstrup, Janne S. ; Topbas, Murat ; Topór-Madry, Roman ; Torrent, Maties ; Toselli, Stefania ; Traissac, Pierre ; Trichopoulou, Antonia ; Trichopoulos, Dimitrios ; Trinh, Oanh T H ; Trivedi, Atul ; Tshepo, Lechaba ; Tulloch-Reid, Marshall K. ; Tuomainen, Tomi Pekka ; Tuomilehto, Jaakko ; Turley, Maria L. ; Tynelius, Per ; Tzotzas, Themistoklis ; Tzourio, Christophe ; Ueda, Peter ; Ukoli, Flora A M ; Ulmer, Hanno ; Unal, Belgin ; Uusitalo, Hannu M T ; Valdivia, Gonzalo ; Vale, Susana ; Valvi, Damaskini ; van der Schouw, Yvonne T. ; Van Herck, Koen ; Van Minh, Hoang ; van Rossem, Lenie ; van Valkengoed, Irene G M ; Vanderschueren, Dirk ; Vanuzzo, Diego ; Vatten, Lars ; Vega, Tomas ; Velasquez-Melendez, Gustavo ; Veronesi, Giovanni ; Monique Verschuren, W. M. ; Verstraeten, Roosmarijn ; Victora, Cesar G. ; Viegi, Giovanni ; Viet, Lucie ; Viikari-Juntura, Eira ; Vineis, Paolo ; Vioque, Jesus ; Virtanen, Jyrki K. ; Visvikis-Siest, Sophie ; Viswanathan, Bharathi ; Vollenweider, Peter ; Voutilainen, Sari ; Vrdoljak, Ana ; Vrijheid, Martine ; Wade, Alisha N. ; Wagner, Aline ; Walton, Janette ; Mohamud, Wan Nazaimoon Wan ; Wang, Ming Dong ; Wang, Qian ; Wang, Ya Xing ; Goya Wannamethee, S. ; Wareham, Nicholas ; Weerasekera, Deepa ; Whincup, Peter H. ; Widhalm, Kurt ; Widyahening, Indah S. ; Wiecek, Andrzej ; Wijga, Alet H. ; Wilks, Rainford J. ; Willeit, Johann ; Wilsgaard, Tom ; Wojtyniak, Bogdan ; Wong, Jyh Eiin ; Wong, Tien Yin ; Woo, Jean ; Woodward, Mark ; Wu, Frederick C. ; Wu, Jianfeng ; Wu, Shou Ling ; Xu, Haiquan ; Xu, Liang ; Yamborisut, Uruwan ; Yan, Weili ; Yang, Xiaoguang ; Yardim, Nazan ; Ye, Xingwang ; Yiallouros, Panayiotis K. ; Yoshihara, Akihiro ; You, Qi Sheng ; Younger-Coleman, Novie O. ; Yusoff, Ahmad F. ; Zainuddin, Ahmad A. ; Zambon, Sabina ; Zdrojewski, Tomasz ; Zeng, Yi ; Zhao, Dong ; Zhao, Wenhua ; Zheng, Yingfeng. / A century of trends in adult human height. In: eLife. 2016 ; Vol. 5, No. 2016JULY.
@article{5121e67d15d84d30bd7429504cfa7336,
title = "A century of trends in adult human height",
abstract = "Being taller is associated with enhanced longevity, and higher education and earnings. We reanalysed 1472 population-based studies, with measurement of height on more than 18.6 million participants to estimate mean height for people born between 1896 and 1996 in 200 countries. The largest gain in adult height over the past century has occurred in South Korean women and Iranian men, who became 20.2 cm (95{\%} credible interval 17.5-22.7) and 16.5 cm (13.3- 19.7) taller, respectively. In contrast, there was little change in adult height in some sub-Saharan African countries and in South Asia over the century of analysis. The tallest people over these 100 years are men born in the Netherlands in the last quarter of 20th century, whose average heights surpassed 182.5 cm, and the shortest were women born in Guatemala in 1896 (140.3 cm; 135.8- 144.8). The height differential between the tallest and shortest populations was 19-20 cm a century ago, and has remained the same for women and increased for men a century later despite substantial changes in the ranking of countries.",
author = "James Bentham and {Di Cesare}, Mariachiara and Stevens, {Gretchen A.} and Bin Zhou and Honor Bixby and Melanie Cowan and L{\'e}a Fortunato and Bennett, {James E.} and Goodarz Danaei and Kaveh Hajifathalian and Yuan Lu and Riley, {Leanne M.} and Avula Laxmaiah and Vasilis Kontis and Paciorek, {Christopher J.} and Majid Ezzati and Abdeen, {Ziad A.} and Hamid, {Zargar Abdul} and Abu-Rmeileh, {Niveen M.} and Benjamin Acosta-Cazares and Robert Adams and Wichai Aekplakorn and Aguilar-Salinas, {Carlos A.} and Charles Agyemang and Alireza Ahmadvand and Wolfgang Ahrens and Al-Hazzaa, {Hazzaa M.} and Al-Othman, {Amani Rashed} and Raddadi, {Rajaa Al} and Ali, {Mohamed M.} and Ala’a Alkerwi and Mar Alvarez-Pedrerol and Eman Aly and Philippe Amouyel and Antoinette Amuzu and Andersen, {Lars Bo} and Anderssen, {Sigmund A.} and Anjana, {Ranjit Mohan} and Hajer Aounallah-Skhiri and Inger Ariansen and Tahir Aris and Nimmathota Arlappa and Dominique Arveiler and Assah, {Felix K.} and M{\'a}ria Avdicov{\'a} and Fereidoun Azizi and Babu, {Bontha V.} and Suhad Bahijri and Nagalla Balakrishna and Piotr Bandosz and Banegas, {Jos{\'e} R.} and Barbagallo, {Carlo M.} and Alberto Barcel{\'o} and Amina Barkat and Barros, {Mauro V.} and Iqbal Bata and Batieha, {Anwar M.} and Batista, {Rosangela L.} and Baur, {Louise A.} and Robert Beaglehole and Romdhane, {Habiba Ben} and Mikhail Benet and Antonio Bernabe-Ortiz and Gailute Bernotiene and Heloisa Bettiol and Aroor Bhagyalaxmi and Sumit Bharadwaj and Bhargava, {Santosh K.} and Zaid Bhatti and Bhutta, {Zulfiqar A.} and Hongsheng Bi and Yufang Bi and Peter Bjerregaard and Espen Bjertness and Bjertness, {Marius B.} and Cecilia Bj{\"o}rkelund and Anneke Blokstra and Simona Bo and Martin Bobak and Boddy, {Lynne M.} and Boehm, {Bernhard O.} and Heiner Boeing and Boissonnet, {Carlos P.} and Vanina Bongard and Pascal Bovet and Lutgart Braeckman and Bragt, {Marjolijn C E} and Imperia Brajkovich and Francesco Branca and Juergen Breckenkamp and Hermann Brenner and Brewster, {Lizzy M.} and Brian, {Garry R.} and Graziella Bruno and Bueno-de-Mesquita, {H. Bas} and Anna Bugge and Con Burns and {De Le{\'o}n}, {Antonio Cabrera} and Joseph Cacciottolo and Tilema Cama and Christine Cameron and Jos{\'e} Camolas and G{\"u}nay Can and C{\^a}ndido, {Ana Paula C} and Vincenzo Capuano and Cardoso, {Viviane C.} and Carlsson, {Axel C.} and Carvalho, {Maria J.} and Casanueva, {Felipe F.} and Casas, {Juan Pablo} and Caserta, {Carmelo A.} and Snehalatha Chamukuttan and Chan, {Angelique W.} and Queenie Chan and Chaturvedi, {Himanshu K.} and Nishi Chaturvedi and Chen, {Chien Jen} and Fangfang Chen and Huashuai Chen and Shuohua Chen and Zhengming Chen and Cheng, {Ching Yu} and Angela Chetrit and Arnaud Chiolero and Chiou, {Shu Ti} and Adela Chirita-Emandi and Belong Cho and Yumi Cho and Kaare Christensen and Jerzy Chudek and Renata Cifkova and Frank Claessens and Els Clays and Hans Concin and Cyrus Cooper and Rachel Cooper and Coppinger, {Tara C.} and Simona Costanzo and Dominique Cottel and Chris Cowell and Craig, {Cora L.} and Crujeiras, {Ana B.} and Graziella D’Arrigo and Eleonora d’Orsi and Jean Dallongeville and Albertino Damasceno and Damsgaard, {Camilla T.} and Rachel Dankner and Luc Dauchet and {De Backer}, Guy and {De Bacquer}, Dirk and {de Gaetano}, Giovanni and {De Henauw}, Stefaan and {De Smedt}, Delphine and Mohan Deepa and Deev, {Alexander D.} and Abbas Dehghan and H{\'e}l{\`e}ne Delisle and Francis Delpeuch and Val{\'e}rie Deschamps and Klodian Dhana and {Di Castelnuovo}, {Augusto F.} and Dias-da-Costa, {Juvenal Soares} and Alejandro Diaz and Shirin Djalalinia and Do, {Ha T P} and Dobson, {Annette J.} and Chiara Donfrancesco and Donoso, {Silvana P.} and Angela D{\"o}ring and Kouamelan Doua and Wojciech Drygas and Vilnis Dzerve and Egbagbe, {Eruke E.} and Robert Eggertsen and Ulf Ekelund and {El Ati}, Jalila and Paul Elliott and Reina Engle-Stone and Erasmus, {Rajiv T.} and Cihangir Erem and Louise Eriksen and {Escobedo-de la Pe{\~n}a}, Jorge and Alun Evans and David Faeh and Fall, {Caroline H.} and Farshad Farzadfar and Felix-Redondo, {Francisco J.} and Ferguson, {Trevor S.} and Daniel Fern{\'a}ndez-Berg{\'e}s and Daniel Ferrante and Marika Ferrari and Catterina Ferreccio and Jean Ferrieres and Finn, {Joseph D.} and Krista Fischer and Flores, {Eric Monterubio} and Bernhard F{\"o}ger and Foo, {Leng Huat} and Forslund, {Ann Sofie} and Maria Forsner and Fortmann, {Stephen P.} and Fouad, {Heba M.} and Francis, {Damian K.} and {Do Carmo Franco}, Maria and Franco, {Oscar H.} and Guillermo Frontera and Fuchs, {Flavio D.} and Fuchs, {Sandra C.} and Yuki Fujita and Takuro Furusawa and Zbigniew Gaciong and Mihai Gafencu and Dickman Gareta and Garnett, {Sarah P.} and Gaspoz, {Jean Michel} and Magda Gasull and Louise Gates and Geleijnse, {Johanna M.} and Anoosheh Ghasemian and Simona Giampaoli and Francesco Gianfagna and Jonathan Giovannelli and Aleksander Giwercman and Goldsmith, {Rebecca A.} and Helen Gon{\cc}alves and Gross, {Marcela Gonzalez} and {Gonz{\'a}lez Rivas}, {Juan P.} and Gorbea, {Mariano Bonet} and Frederic Gottrand and Sidsel Graff-Iversen and Dušan Grafnetter and Aneta Grajda and Grammatikopoulou, {Maria G.} and Gregor, {Ronald D.} and Tomasz Grodzicki and Anders Gr{\o}ntved and Grabriella Gruden and Vera Grujic and Dongfeng Gu and Emanuela Gualdi-Russo and Guan, {Ong Peng} and Vilmundur Gudnason and Ramiro Guerrero and Idris Guessous and Guimaraes, {Andre L.} and Gulliford, {Martin C.} and Johanna Gunnlaugsdottir and Marc Gunter and Xiuhua Guo and Yin Guo and Gupta, {Prakash C.} and Oye Gureje and Beata Gurzkowska and Laura Gutierrez and Felix Gutzwiller and Jytte Halkj{\ae}r and Hambleton, {Ian R.} and Rebecca Hardy and Kumar, {Rachakulla Hari} and Jun Hata and Hayes, {Alison J.} and Jiang He and Hendriks, {Marleen Elisabeth} and Cadena, {Leticia Hernandez} and Sauli Herrala and Ramin Heshmat and Hihtaniemi, {Ilpo Tapani} and Ho, {Sai Yin} and Ho, {Suzanne C.} and Michael Hobbs and Albert Hofman and Hormiga, {Claudia M.} and Horta, {Bernardo L.} and Leila Houti and Christina Howitt and Htay, {Thein Thein} and Htet, {Aung Soe} and Htike, {Maung Maung Than} and Yonghua Hu and Abdullatif Husseini and Huu, {Chinh Nguyen} and Inge Huybrechts and Nahla Hwalla and Licia Iacoviello and Iannone, {Anna G.} and Ibrahim, {Mohsen M.} and Nayu Ikeda and {Arfan Ikram}, M. and Irazola, {Vilma E.} and Muhammad Islam and Vanja Ivkovic and Masanori Iwasaki and Jackson, {Rod T.} and Jacobs, {Jeremy M.} and Tazeen Jafar and Jamil, {Kazi M.} and Konrad Jamrozik and Imre Janszky and Grazyna Jasienska and Bojan Jelakovic and Jiang, {Chao Qiang} and Michel Joffres and Mattias Johansson and Jonas, {Jost B.} and Torben J{\o}rgensen and Pradeep Joshi and Anne Juolevi and Gregor Jurak and Vesna Jureša and Rudolf Kaaks and Anthony Kafatos and Ofra Kalter-Leibovici and Efthymios Kapantais and Amir Kasaeian and Joanne Katz and Prabhdeep Kaur and Maryam Kavousi and Ulrich Keil and Boker, {Lital Keinan} and Sirkka Kein{\"a}nen-Kiukaanniemi and Roya Kelishadi and Kemper, {Han C G} and Kengne, {Andre P.} and Mathilde Kersting and Timothy Key and Khader, {Yousef Saleh} and Davood Khalili and Khang, {Young Ho} and Khaw, {Kay Tee H} and Khouw, {Ilse M S L} and Stefan Kiechl and Japhet Killewo and Jeongseon Kim and Jeannette Klimont and Jurate Klumbiene and Bhawesh Koirala and Elin Kolle and Patrick Kolsteren and Paul Korrovits and Seppo Koskinen and Katsuyasu Kouda and Slawomir Koziel and Wolfgang Kratzer and Steinar Krokstad and Daan Kromhout and Kruger, {Herculina S.} and Ruzena Kubinova and Kujala, {Urho M.} and Krzysztof Kula and Zbigniew Kulaga and {Krishna Kumar}, R. and Pawel Kurjata and Kusuma, {Yadlapalli S.} and Kari Kuulasmaa and Catherine Kyobutungi and Laamiri, {Fatima Zahra} and Tiina Laatikainen and Carl Lachat and Youcef Laid and Lam, {Tai Hing} and Orlando Landrove and Vera Lanska and Georg Lappas and Bagher Larijani and Laugsand, {Lars E.} and Bao, {Khanh Le Nguyen} and Le, {Tuyen D.} and Catherine Leclercq and Jeannette Lee and Jeonghee Lee and Terho Lehtim{\"a}ki and Rampal Lekhraj and Le{\'o}n-Mu{\~n}oz, {Luz M.} and Yanping Li and Lilly, {Christa L.} and Lim, {Wei Yen} and {Fernanda Lima-Costa}, M. and Lin, {Hsien Ho} and Xu Lin and Allan Linneberg and Lauren Lissner and Mieczyslaw Litwin and Jing Liu and Roberto Lorbeer and Lotufo, {Paulo A.} and Lozano, {Jos{\'e} Eugenio} and Dalia Luksiene and Annamari Lundqvist and Nuno Lunet and Per Lytsy and Guansheng Ma and Jun Ma and Machado-Coelho, {George L L} and Suka Machi and Stefania Maggi and Magliano, {Dianna J.} and Bernard Maire and Marcia Makdisse and Reza Malekzadeh and Rahul Malhotra and Rao, {Kodavanti Mallikharjuna} and Sofia Malyutina and Yannis Manios and Mann, {Jim I.} and Enzo Manzato and Paula Margozzini and Oonagh Markey and Pedro Marques-Vidal and Jaume Marrugat and Yves Martin-Prevel and Reynaldo Martorell and Masoodi, {Shariq R.} and Mathiesen, {Ellisiv B.} and Matsha, {Tandi E.} and Artur Mazur and Mbanya, {Jean Claude N} and McFarlane, {Shelly R.} and McGarvey, {Stephen T.} and Martin McKee and Stela McLachlan and McLean, {Rachael M.} and McNulty, {Breige A.} and Yusof, {Safiah Md} and Sounnia Mediene-Benchekor and Aline Meirhaeghe and Christa Meisinger and Menezes, {Ana Maria B} and Mensink, {Gert B M} and Meshram, {Indrapal I.} and Andres Metspalu and Jie Mi and Michaelsen, {Kim F.} and Kairit Mikkel and Miller, {Jody C.} and Miquel, {Juan Francisco} and {Jaime Miranda}, J. and Marjeta Mišigoj-Durakovic and Mohamed, {Mostafa K.} and Kazem Mohammad and Noushin Mohammadifard and Viswanathan Mohan and Yusoff, {Muhammad Fadhli Mohd} and Drude Molbo and M{\o}ller, {Niels C.} and D{\'e}nes Moln{\'a}r and Mondo, {Charles K.} and Monterrubio, {Eric A.} and Monyeki, {Kotsedi Daniel K} and Moreira, {Leila B.} and Alain Morejon and Moreno, {Luis A.} and Karen Morgan and Mortensen, {Erik Lykke} and George Moschonis and Malgorzata Mossakowska and Aya Mostafa and Jorge Mota and Motlagh, {Mohammad Esmaeel} and Jorge Motta and Mu, {Thet Thet} and Muiesan, {Maria Lorenza} and Martina M{\"u}ller-Nurasyid and Neil Murphy and Jaakko Mursu and Murtagh, {Elaine M.} and Musa, {Kamarul Imran} and Vera Musil and Gabriele Nagel and Harunobu Nakamura and Jana N{\'a}mešn{\'a} and Nang, {Ei Ei K} and Nangia, {Vinay B.} and Martin Nankap and Sameer Narake and Navarrete-Mu{\~n}oz, {Eva Maria} and Neal, {William A.} and Ilona Nenko and Martin Neovius and Flavio Nervi and Neuhauser, {Hannelore K.} and Nguyen, {Nguyen D.} and Nguyen, {Quang Ngoc} and Nieto-Mart{\'i}nez, {Ramfis E.} and Guang Ning and Toshiharu Ninomiya and Sania Nishtar and Marianna Noale and Teresa Norat and Davide Noto and Nsour, {Mohannad Al} and Dermot O’Reilly and Kyungwon Oh and Olayan, {Iman H.} and Olinto, {Maria Teresa Anselmo} and Maciej Oltarzewski and Omar, {Mohd A.} and Altan Onat and Pedro Ordunez and Ortiz, {Ana P.} and Merete Osler and Clive Osmond and Ostojic, {Sergej M.} and Otero, {Johanna A.} and Kim Overvad and Ellis Owusu-Dabo and Paccaud, {Fred Michel} and Cristina Padez and Elena Pahomova and Andrzej Pajak and Domenico Palli and Alberto Palloni and Luigi Palmieri and Songhomitra Panda-Jonas and Francesco Panza and Parnell, {Winsome R.} and Mahboubeh Parsaeian and Ivan Pecin and Pednekar, {Mangesh S.} and Peeters, {Petra H.} and Peixoto, {Sergio Viana} and Markku Peltonen and Pereira, {Alexandre C.} and P{\'e}rez, {Cynthia M.} and Annette Peters and Janina Petkeviciene and Niloofar Peykari and Pham, {Son Thai} and Iris Pigeot and Hynek Pikhart and Aida Pilav and Lorenza Pilotto and Francesco Pistelli and Freda Pitakaka and Aleksandra Piwonska and Pedro Plans-Rubi{\'o} and Poh, {Bee Koon} and Miquel Porta and Portegies, {Marileen L P} and Dimitrios Poulimeneas and Rajendra Pradeepa and Mathur Prashant and Price, {Jacqueline F.} and Maria Puiu and Margus Punab and Qasrawi, {Radwan F.} and Mostafa Qorbani and Bao, {Tran Quoc} and Ivana Radic and Ricardas Radisauskas and Rahman, {Mah mudur} and Olli Raitakari and Manu Raj and Rao, {Sudha Ramachandra} and Ambady Ramachandran and Jacqueline Ramke and Rafel Ramos and Sanjay Rampal and Finn Rasmussen and Josep Redon and Reganit, {Paul Ferdinand M} and Robespierre Ribeiro and Elio Riboli and Fernando Rigo and {Rinke de Wit}, {Tobias F.} and Ritti-Dias, {Raphael M.} and Rivera, {Juan A.} and Robinson, {Sian M.} and Cynthia Robitaille and Fernando Rodr{\'i}guez-Artalejo and {Del Cristo Rodriguez-Perez}, Mar{\'i}a and Rodr{\'i}guez-Villamizar, {Laura A.} and Rosalba Rojas-Martinez and Nipa Rojroong-Wasinkul and Dora Romaguera and Kimmo Ronkainen and Annika Rosengren and Ian Rouse and Adolfo Rubinstein and R{\"u}hli, {Frank J.} and Ornelas Rui and Ruiz-Betancourt, {Blanca Sandra} and {Russo Horimoto}, {Andrea R V} and Marcin Rutkowski and Charumathi Sabanayagam and Sachdev, {Harshpal S.} and Olfa Saidi and Benoit Salanave and Martinez, {Eduardo Salazar} and Veikko Salomaa and Salonen, {Jukka T.} and Massimo Salvetti and Jose S{\'a}nchez-Abanto and Sandjaja and Susana Sans and Santos, {Diana A.} and Osvaldo Santos and {Dos Santos}, {Renata Nunes} and Rute Santos and Saramies, {Jouko L.} and Sardinha, {Luis B.} and Nizal Sarrafzadegan and Saum, {Kai Uwe} and Savva, {Savvas C.} and Marcia Scazufca and Rosario, {Angelika Schaffrath} and Herman Schargrodsky and Anja Schienkiewitz and Schmidt, {Ida Maria} and Schneider, {Ione J.} and Constance Schultsz and Schutte, {Aletta E.} and Sein, {Aye Aye} and Abhijit Sen and Senbanjo, {Idowu O.} and Sepanlou, {Sadaf G.} and Shalnova, {Svetlana A.} and Sharma, {Sanjib K.} and Shaw, {Jonathan E.} and Kenji Shibuya and Shin, {Dong Wook} and Youchan Shin and Rahman Shiri and Rosalynn Siantar and Sibai, {Abla M.} and Silva, {Antonio M.} and Silva, {Diego Augusto Santos} and Mary Simon and Judith Simons and Simons, {Leon A.} and Michael Sjostrom and Jolanta Slowikowska-Hilczer and Przemyslaw Slusarczyk and Liam Smeeth and Smith, {Margaret C.} and Snijder, {Marieke B.} and So, {Hung Kwan} and Eug{\`e}ne Sobngwi and Stefan S{\"o}derberg and Soekatri, {Moesijanti Y E} and Vincenzo Solfrizzi and Emily Sonestedt and Yi Song and S{\o}rensen, {Thorkild I A} and Maroje Soric and J{\'e}rome, {Charles Sossa} and Aicha Soumare and Staessen, {Jan A.} and Gregor Starc and Stathopoulou, {Maria G.} and Kaspar Staub and Bill Stavreski and Jostein Steene-Johannessen and Peter Stehle and Stein, {Aryeh D.} and Stergiou, {George S.} and Jochanan Stessman and Jutta Stieber and Doris St{\"o}ckl and Tanja Stocks and Jakub Stokwiszewski and Gareth Stratton and Karien Stronks and Strufaldi, {Maria Wany} and Sun, {Chien An} and Johan Sundstr{\"o}m and Sung, {Yn Tz} and Jordi Sunyer and Paibul Suriyawongpaisal and Swinburn, {Boyd A.} and Sy, {Rody G.} and Lucjan Szponar and {Shyong Tai}, E. and Tammesoo, {Mari Liis} and Abdonas Tamosiunas and Line Tang and Xun Tang and Frank Tanser and Yong Tao and Tarawneh, {Mohammed Rasoul} and Jakob Tarp and Tarqui-Mamani, {Carolina B.} and Anne Taylor and F{\'e}licit{\'e} Tchibindat and Holger Theobald and Lutgarde Thijs and Thuesen, {Betina H.} and Anne Tjonneland and Tolonen, {Hanna K.} and Tolstrup, {Janne S.} and Murat Topbas and Roman Top{\'o}r-Madry and Maties Torrent and Stefania Toselli and Pierre Traissac and Antonia Trichopoulou and Dimitrios Trichopoulos and Trinh, {Oanh T H} and Atul Trivedi and Lechaba Tshepo and Tulloch-Reid, {Marshall K.} and Tuomainen, {Tomi Pekka} and Jaakko Tuomilehto and Turley, {Maria L.} and Per Tynelius and Themistoklis Tzotzas and Christophe Tzourio and Peter Ueda and Ukoli, {Flora A M} and Hanno Ulmer and Belgin Unal and Uusitalo, {Hannu M T} and Gonzalo Valdivia and Susana Vale and Damaskini Valvi and {van der Schouw}, {Yvonne T.} and {Van Herck}, Koen and {Van Minh}, Hoang and {van Rossem}, Lenie and {van Valkengoed}, {Irene G M} and Dirk Vanderschueren and Diego Vanuzzo and Lars Vatten and Tomas Vega and Gustavo Velasquez-Melendez and Giovanni Veronesi and {Monique Verschuren}, {W. M.} and Roosmarijn Verstraeten and Victora, {Cesar G.} and Giovanni Viegi and Lucie Viet and Eira Viikari-Juntura and Paolo Vineis and Jesus Vioque and Virtanen, {Jyrki K.} and Sophie Visvikis-Siest and Bharathi Viswanathan and Peter Vollenweider and Sari Voutilainen and Ana Vrdoljak and Martine Vrijheid and Wade, {Alisha N.} and Aline Wagner and Janette Walton and Mohamud, {Wan Nazaimoon Wan} and Wang, {Ming Dong} and Qian Wang and Wang, {Ya Xing} and {Goya Wannamethee}, S. and Nicholas Wareham and Deepa Weerasekera and Whincup, {Peter H.} and Kurt Widhalm and Widyahening, {Indah S.} and Andrzej Wiecek and Wijga, {Alet H.} and Wilks, {Rainford J.} and Johann Willeit and Tom Wilsgaard and Bogdan Wojtyniak and Wong, {Jyh Eiin} and Wong, {Tien Yin} and Jean Woo and Mark Woodward and Wu, {Frederick C.} and Jianfeng Wu and Wu, {Shou Ling} and Haiquan Xu and Liang Xu and Uruwan Yamborisut and Weili Yan and Xiaoguang Yang and Nazan Yardim and Xingwang Ye and Yiallouros, {Panayiotis K.} and Akihiro Yoshihara and You, {Qi Sheng} and Younger-Coleman, {Novie O.} and Yusoff, {Ahmad F.} and Zainuddin, {Ahmad A.} and Sabina Zambon and Tomasz Zdrojewski and Yi Zeng and Dong Zhao and Wenhua Zhao and Yingfeng Zheng",
year = "2016",
month = "7",
day = "26",
doi = "10.7554/eLife.13410.001",
language = "English",
volume = "5",
journal = "eLife",
issn = "2050-084X",
publisher = "eLife Sciences Publications, Ltd",
number = "2016JULY",

}

Bentham, J, Di Cesare, M, Stevens, GA, Zhou, B, Bixby, H, Cowan, M, Fortunato, L, Bennett, JE, Danaei, G, Hajifathalian, K, Lu, Y, Riley, LM, Laxmaiah, A, Kontis, V, Paciorek, CJ, Ezzati, M, Abdeen, ZA, Hamid, ZA, Abu-Rmeileh, NM, Acosta-Cazares, B, Adams, R, Aekplakorn, W, Aguilar-Salinas, CA, Agyemang, C, Ahmadvand, A, Ahrens, W, Al-Hazzaa, HM, Al-Othman, AR, Raddadi, RA, Ali, MM, Alkerwi, A, Alvarez-Pedrerol, M, Aly, E, Amouyel, P, Amuzu, A, Andersen, LB, Anderssen, SA, Anjana, RM, Aounallah-Skhiri, H, Ariansen, I, Aris, T, Arlappa, N, Arveiler, D, Assah, FK, Avdicová, M, Azizi, F, Babu, BV, Bahijri, S, Balakrishna, N, Bandosz, P, Banegas, JR, Barbagallo, CM, Barceló, A, Barkat, A, Barros, MV, Bata, I, Batieha, AM, Batista, RL, Baur, LA, Beaglehole, R, Romdhane, HB, Benet, M, Bernabe-Ortiz, A, Bernotiene, G, Bettiol, H, Bhagyalaxmi, A, Bharadwaj, S, Bhargava, SK, Bhatti, Z, Bhutta, ZA, Bi, H, Bi, Y, Bjerregaard, P, Bjertness, E, Bjertness, MB, Björkelund, C, Blokstra, A, Bo, S, Bobak, M, Boddy, LM, Boehm, BO, Boeing, H, Boissonnet, CP, Bongard, V, Bovet, P, Braeckman, L, Bragt, MCE, Brajkovich, I, Branca, F, Breckenkamp, J, Brenner, H, Brewster, LM, Brian, GR, Bruno, G, Bueno-de-Mesquita, HB, Bugge, A, Burns, C, De León, AC, Cacciottolo, J, Cama, T, Cameron, C, Camolas, J, Can, G, Cândido, APC, Capuano, V, Cardoso, VC, Carlsson, AC, Carvalho, MJ, Casanueva, FF, Casas, JP, Caserta, CA, Chamukuttan, S, Chan, AW, Chan, Q, Chaturvedi, HK, Chaturvedi, N, Chen, CJ, Chen, F, Chen, H, Chen, S, Chen, Z, Cheng, CY, Chetrit, A, Chiolero, A, Chiou, ST, Chirita-Emandi, A, Cho, B, Cho, Y, Christensen, K, Chudek, J, Cifkova, R, Claessens, F, Clays, E, Concin, H, Cooper, C, Cooper, R, Coppinger, TC, Costanzo, S, Cottel, D, Cowell, C, Craig, CL, Crujeiras, AB, D’Arrigo, G, d’Orsi, E, Dallongeville, J, Damasceno, A, Damsgaard, CT, Dankner, R, Dauchet, L, De Backer, G, De Bacquer, D, de Gaetano, G, De Henauw, S, De Smedt, D, Deepa, M, Deev, AD, Dehghan, A, Delisle, H, Delpeuch, F, Deschamps, V, Dhana, K, Di Castelnuovo, AF, Dias-da-Costa, JS, Diaz, A, Djalalinia, S, Do, HTP, Dobson, AJ, Donfrancesco, C, Donoso, SP, Döring, A, Doua, K, Drygas, W, Dzerve, V, Egbagbe, EE, Eggertsen, R, Ekelund, U, El Ati, J, Elliott, P, Engle-Stone, R, Erasmus, RT, Erem, C, Eriksen, L, Escobedo-de la Peña, J, Evans, A, Faeh, D, Fall, CH, Farzadfar, F, Felix-Redondo, FJ, Ferguson, TS, Fernández-Bergés, D, Ferrante, D, Ferrari, M, Ferreccio, C, Ferrieres, J, Finn, JD, Fischer, K, Flores, EM, Föger, B, Foo, LH, Forslund, AS, Forsner, M, Fortmann, SP, Fouad, HM, Francis, DK, Do Carmo Franco, M, Franco, OH, Frontera, G, Fuchs, FD, Fuchs, SC, Fujita, Y, Furusawa, T, Gaciong, Z, Gafencu, M, Gareta, D, Garnett, SP, Gaspoz, JM, Gasull, M, Gates, L, Geleijnse, JM, Ghasemian, A, Giampaoli, S, Gianfagna, F, Giovannelli, J, Giwercman, A, Goldsmith, RA, Gonçalves, H, Gross, MG, González Rivas, JP, Gorbea, MB, Gottrand, F, Graff-Iversen, S, Grafnetter, D, Grajda, A, Grammatikopoulou, MG, Gregor, RD, Grodzicki, T, Grøntved, A, Gruden, G, Grujic, V, Gu, D, Gualdi-Russo, E, Guan, OP, Gudnason, V, Guerrero, R, Guessous, I, Guimaraes, AL, Gulliford, MC, Gunnlaugsdottir, J, Gunter, M, Guo, X, Guo, Y, Gupta, PC, Gureje, O, Gurzkowska, B, Gutierrez, L, Gutzwiller, F, Halkjær, J, Hambleton, IR, Hardy, R, Kumar, RH, Hata, J, Hayes, AJ, He, J, Hendriks, ME, Cadena, LH, Herrala, S, Heshmat, R, Hihtaniemi, IT, Ho, SY, Ho, SC, Hobbs, M, Hofman, A, Hormiga, CM, Horta, BL, Houti, L, Howitt, C, Htay, TT, Htet, AS, Htike, MMT, Hu, Y, Husseini, A, Huu, CN, Huybrechts, I, Hwalla, N, Iacoviello, L, Iannone, AG, Ibrahim, MM, Ikeda, N, Arfan Ikram, M, Irazola, VE, Islam, M, Ivkovic, V, Iwasaki, M, Jackson, RT, Jacobs, JM, Jafar, T, Jamil, KM, Jamrozik, K, Janszky, I, Jasienska, G, Jelakovic, B, Jiang, CQ, Joffres, M, Johansson, M, Jonas, JB, Jørgensen, T, Joshi, P, Juolevi, A, Jurak, G, Jureša, V, Kaaks, R, Kafatos, A, Kalter-Leibovici, O, Kapantais, E, Kasaeian, A, Katz, J, Kaur, P, Kavousi, M, Keil, U, Boker, LK, Keinänen-Kiukaanniemi, S, Kelishadi, R, Kemper, HCG, Kengne, AP, Kersting, M, Key, T, Khader, YS, Khalili, D, Khang, YH, Khaw, KTH, Khouw, IMSL, Kiechl, S, Killewo, J, Kim, J, Klimont, J, Klumbiene, J, Koirala, B, Kolle, E, Kolsteren, P, Korrovits, P, Koskinen, S, Kouda, K, Koziel, S, Kratzer, W, Krokstad, S, Kromhout, D, Kruger, HS, Kubinova, R, Kujala, UM, Kula, K, Kulaga, Z, Krishna Kumar, R, Kurjata, P, Kusuma, YS, Kuulasmaa, K, Kyobutungi, C, Laamiri, FZ, Laatikainen, T, Lachat, C, Laid, Y, Lam, TH, Landrove, O, Lanska, V, Lappas, G, Larijani, B, Laugsand, LE, Bao, KLN, Le, TD, Leclercq, C, Lee, J, Lee, J, Lehtimäki, T, Lekhraj, R, León-Muñoz, LM, Li, Y, Lilly, CL, Lim, WY, Fernanda Lima-Costa, M, Lin, HH, Lin, X, Linneberg, A, Lissner, L, Litwin, M, Liu, J, Lorbeer, R, Lotufo, PA, Lozano, JE, Luksiene, D, Lundqvist, A, Lunet, N, Lytsy, P, Ma, G, Ma, J, Machado-Coelho, GLL, Machi, S, Maggi, S, Magliano, DJ, Maire, B, Makdisse, M, Malekzadeh, R, Malhotra, R, Rao, KM, Malyutina, S, Manios, Y, Mann, JI, Manzato, E, Margozzini, P, Markey, O, Marques-Vidal, P, Marrugat, J, Martin-Prevel, Y, Martorell, R, Masoodi, SR, Mathiesen, EB, Matsha, TE, Mazur, A, Mbanya, JCN, McFarlane, SR, McGarvey, ST, McKee, M, McLachlan, S, McLean, RM, McNulty, BA, Yusof, SM, Mediene-Benchekor, S, Meirhaeghe, A, Meisinger, C, Menezes, AMB, Mensink, GBM, Meshram, II, Metspalu, A, Mi, J, Michaelsen, KF, Mikkel, K, Miller, JC, Miquel, JF, Jaime Miranda, J, Mišigoj-Durakovic, M, Mohamed, MK, Mohammad, K, Mohammadifard, N, Mohan, V, Yusoff, MFM, Molbo, D, Møller, NC, Molnár, D, Mondo, CK, Monterrubio, EA, Monyeki, KDK, Moreira, LB, Morejon, A, Moreno, LA, Morgan, K, Mortensen, EL, Moschonis, G, Mossakowska, M, Mostafa, A, Mota, J, Motlagh, ME, Motta, J, Mu, TT, Muiesan, ML, Müller-Nurasyid, M, Murphy, N, Mursu, J, Murtagh, EM, Musa, KI, Musil, V, Nagel, G, Nakamura, H, Námešná, J, Nang, EEK, Nangia, VB, Nankap, M, Narake, S, Navarrete-Muñoz, EM, Neal, WA, Nenko, I, Neovius, M, Nervi, F, Neuhauser, HK, Nguyen, ND, Nguyen, QN, Nieto-Martínez, RE, Ning, G, Ninomiya, T, Nishtar, S, Noale, M, Norat, T, Noto, D, Nsour, MA, O’Reilly, D, Oh, K, Olayan, IH, Olinto, MTA, Oltarzewski, M, Omar, MA, Onat, A, Ordunez, P, Ortiz, AP, Osler, M, Osmond, C, Ostojic, SM, Otero, JA, Overvad, K, Owusu-Dabo, E, Paccaud, FM, Padez, C, Pahomova, E, Pajak, A, Palli, D, Palloni, A, Palmieri, L, Panda-Jonas, S, Panza, F, Parnell, WR, Parsaeian, M, Pecin, I, Pednekar, MS, Peeters, PH, Peixoto, SV, Peltonen, M, Pereira, AC, Pérez, CM, Peters, A, Petkeviciene, J, Peykari, N, Pham, ST, Pigeot, I, Pikhart, H, Pilav, A, Pilotto, L, Pistelli, F, Pitakaka, F, Piwonska, A, Plans-Rubió, P, Poh, BK, Porta, M, Portegies, MLP, Poulimeneas, D, Pradeepa, R, Prashant, M, Price, JF, Puiu, M, Punab, M, Qasrawi, RF, Qorbani, M, Bao, TQ, Radic, I, Radisauskas, R, Rahman, MM, Raitakari, O, Raj, M, Rao, SR, Ramachandran, A, Ramke, J, Ramos, R, Rampal, S, Rasmussen, F, Redon, J, Reganit, PFM, Ribeiro, R, Riboli, E, Rigo, F, Rinke de Wit, TF, Ritti-Dias, RM, Rivera, JA, Robinson, SM, Robitaille, C, Rodríguez-Artalejo, F, Del Cristo Rodriguez-Perez, M, Rodríguez-Villamizar, LA, Rojas-Martinez, R, Rojroong-Wasinkul, N, Romaguera, D, Ronkainen, K, Rosengren, A, Rouse, I, Rubinstein, A, Rühli, FJ, Rui, O, Ruiz-Betancourt, BS, Russo Horimoto, ARV, Rutkowski, M, Sabanayagam, C, Sachdev, HS, Saidi, O, Salanave, B, Martinez, ES, Salomaa, V, Salonen, JT, Salvetti, M, Sánchez-Abanto, J, Sandjaja, Sans, S, Santos, DA, Santos, O, Dos Santos, RN, Santos, R, Saramies, JL, Sardinha, LB, Sarrafzadegan, N, Saum, KU, Savva, SC, Scazufca, M, Rosario, AS, Schargrodsky, H, Schienkiewitz, A, Schmidt, IM, Schneider, IJ, Schultsz, C, Schutte, AE, Sein, AA, Sen, A, Senbanjo, IO, Sepanlou, SG, Shalnova, SA, Sharma, SK, Shaw, JE, Shibuya, K, Shin, DW, Shin, Y, Shiri, R, Siantar, R, Sibai, AM, Silva, AM, Silva, DAS, Simon, M, Simons, J, Simons, LA, Sjostrom, M, Slowikowska-Hilczer, J, Slusarczyk, P, Smeeth, L, Smith, MC, Snijder, MB, So, HK, Sobngwi, E, Söderberg, S, Soekatri, MYE, Solfrizzi, V, Sonestedt, E, Song, Y, Sørensen, TIA, Soric, M, Jérome, CS, Soumare, A, Staessen, JA, Starc, G, Stathopoulou, MG, Staub, K, Stavreski, B, Steene-Johannessen, J, Stehle, P, Stein, AD, Stergiou, GS, Stessman, J, Stieber, J, Stöckl, D, Stocks, T, Stokwiszewski, J, Stratton, G, Stronks, K, Strufaldi, MW, Sun, CA, Sundström, J, Sung, YT, Sunyer, J, Suriyawongpaisal, P, Swinburn, BA, Sy, RG, Szponar, L, Shyong Tai, E, Tammesoo, ML, Tamosiunas, A, Tang, L, Tang, X, Tanser, F, Tao, Y, Tarawneh, MR, Tarp, J, Tarqui-Mamani, CB, Taylor, A, Tchibindat, F, Theobald, H, Thijs, L, Thuesen, BH, Tjonneland, A, Tolonen, HK, Tolstrup, JS, Topbas, M, Topór-Madry, R, Torrent, M, Toselli, S, Traissac, P, Trichopoulou, A, Trichopoulos, D, Trinh, OTH, Trivedi, A, Tshepo, L, Tulloch-Reid, MK, Tuomainen, TP, Tuomilehto, J, Turley, ML, Tynelius, P, Tzotzas, T, Tzourio, C, Ueda, P, Ukoli, FAM, Ulmer, H, Unal, B, Uusitalo, HMT, Valdivia, G, Vale, S, Valvi, D, van der Schouw, YT, Van Herck, K, Van Minh, H, van Rossem, L, van Valkengoed, IGM, Vanderschueren, D, Vanuzzo, D, Vatten, L, Vega, T, Velasquez-Melendez, G, Veronesi, G, Monique Verschuren, WM, Verstraeten, R, Victora, CG, Viegi, G, Viet, L, Viikari-Juntura, E, Vineis, P, Vioque, J, Virtanen, JK, Visvikis-Siest, S, Viswanathan, B, Vollenweider, P, Voutilainen, S, Vrdoljak, A, Vrijheid, M, Wade, AN, Wagner, A, Walton, J, Mohamud, WNW, Wang, MD, Wang, Q, Wang, YX, Goya Wannamethee, S, Wareham, N, Weerasekera, D, Whincup, PH, Widhalm, K, Widyahening, IS, Wiecek, A, Wijga, AH, Wilks, RJ, Willeit, J, Wilsgaard, T, Wojtyniak, B, Wong, JE, Wong, TY, Woo, J, Woodward, M, Wu, FC, Wu, J, Wu, SL, Xu, H, Xu, L, Yamborisut, U, Yan, W, Yang, X, Yardim, N, Ye, X, Yiallouros, PK, Yoshihara, A, You, QS, Younger-Coleman, NO, Yusoff, AF, Zainuddin, AA, Zambon, S, Zdrojewski, T, Zeng, Y, Zhao, D, Zhao, W & Zheng, Y 2016, 'A century of trends in adult human height', eLife, vol. 5, no. 2016JULY, e13410. https://doi.org/10.7554/eLife.13410.001

A century of trends in adult human height. / Bentham, James; Di Cesare, Mariachiara; Stevens, Gretchen A.; Zhou, Bin; Bixby, Honor; Cowan, Melanie; Fortunato, Léa; Bennett, James E.; Danaei, Goodarz; Hajifathalian, Kaveh; Lu, Yuan; Riley, Leanne M.; Laxmaiah, Avula; Kontis, Vasilis; Paciorek, Christopher J.; Ezzati, Majid; Abdeen, Ziad A.; Hamid, Zargar Abdul; Abu-Rmeileh, Niveen M.; Acosta-Cazares, Benjamin; Adams, Robert; Aekplakorn, Wichai; Aguilar-Salinas, Carlos A.; Agyemang, Charles; Ahmadvand, Alireza; Ahrens, Wolfgang; Al-Hazzaa, Hazzaa M.; Al-Othman, Amani Rashed; Raddadi, Rajaa Al; Ali, Mohamed M.; Alkerwi, Ala’a; Alvarez-Pedrerol, Mar; Aly, Eman; Amouyel, Philippe; Amuzu, Antoinette; Andersen, Lars Bo; Anderssen, Sigmund A.; Anjana, Ranjit Mohan; Aounallah-Skhiri, Hajer; Ariansen, Inger; Aris, Tahir; Arlappa, Nimmathota; Arveiler, Dominique; Assah, Felix K.; Avdicová, Mária; Azizi, Fereidoun; Babu, Bontha V.; Bahijri, Suhad; Balakrishna, Nagalla; Bandosz, Piotr; Banegas, José R.; Barbagallo, Carlo M.; Barceló, Alberto; Barkat, Amina; Barros, Mauro V.; Bata, Iqbal; Batieha, Anwar M.; Batista, Rosangela L.; Baur, Louise A.; Beaglehole, Robert; Romdhane, Habiba Ben; Benet, Mikhail; Bernabe-Ortiz, Antonio; Bernotiene, Gailute; Bettiol, Heloisa; Bhagyalaxmi, Aroor; Bharadwaj, Sumit; Bhargava, Santosh K.; Bhatti, Zaid; Bhutta, Zulfiqar A.; Bi, Hongsheng; Bi, Yufang; Bjerregaard, Peter; Bjertness, Espen; Bjertness, Marius B.; Björkelund, Cecilia; Blokstra, Anneke; Bo, Simona; Bobak, Martin; Boddy, Lynne M.; Boehm, Bernhard O.; Boeing, Heiner; Boissonnet, Carlos P.; Bongard, Vanina; Bovet, Pascal; Braeckman, Lutgart; Bragt, Marjolijn C E; Brajkovich, Imperia; Branca, Francesco; Breckenkamp, Juergen; Brenner, Hermann; Brewster, Lizzy M.; Brian, Garry R.; Bruno, Graziella; Bueno-de-Mesquita, H. Bas; Bugge, Anna; Burns, Con; De León, Antonio Cabrera; Cacciottolo, Joseph; Cama, Tilema; Cameron, Christine; Camolas, José; Can, Günay; Cândido, Ana Paula C; Capuano, Vincenzo; Cardoso, Viviane C.; Carlsson, Axel C.; Carvalho, Maria J.; Casanueva, Felipe F.; Casas, Juan Pablo; Caserta, Carmelo A.; Chamukuttan, Snehalatha; Chan, Angelique W.; Chan, Queenie; Chaturvedi, Himanshu K.; Chaturvedi, Nishi; Chen, Chien Jen; Chen, Fangfang; Chen, Huashuai; Chen, Shuohua; Chen, Zhengming; Cheng, Ching Yu; Chetrit, Angela; Chiolero, Arnaud; Chiou, Shu Ti; Chirita-Emandi, Adela; Cho, Belong; Cho, Yumi; Christensen, Kaare; Chudek, Jerzy; Cifkova, Renata; Claessens, Frank; Clays, Els; Concin, Hans; Cooper, Cyrus; Cooper, Rachel; Coppinger, Tara C.; Costanzo, Simona; Cottel, Dominique; Cowell, Chris; Craig, Cora L.; Crujeiras, Ana B.; D’Arrigo, Graziella; d’Orsi, Eleonora; Dallongeville, Jean; Damasceno, Albertino; Damsgaard, Camilla T.; Dankner, Rachel; Dauchet, Luc; De Backer, Guy; De Bacquer, Dirk; de Gaetano, Giovanni; De Henauw, Stefaan; De Smedt, Delphine; Deepa, Mohan; Deev, Alexander D.; Dehghan, Abbas; Delisle, Hélène; Delpeuch, Francis; Deschamps, Valérie; Dhana, Klodian; Di Castelnuovo, Augusto F.; Dias-da-Costa, Juvenal Soares; Diaz, Alejandro; Djalalinia, Shirin; Do, Ha T P; Dobson, Annette J.; Donfrancesco, Chiara; Donoso, Silvana P.; Döring, Angela; Doua, Kouamelan; Drygas, Wojciech; Dzerve, Vilnis; Egbagbe, Eruke E.; Eggertsen, Robert; Ekelund, Ulf; El Ati, Jalila; Elliott, Paul; Engle-Stone, Reina; Erasmus, Rajiv T.; Erem, Cihangir; Eriksen, Louise; Escobedo-de la Peña, Jorge; Evans, Alun; Faeh, David; Fall, Caroline H.; Farzadfar, Farshad; Felix-Redondo, Francisco J.; Ferguson, Trevor S.; Fernández-Bergés, Daniel; Ferrante, Daniel; Ferrari, Marika; Ferreccio, Catterina; Ferrieres, Jean; Finn, Joseph D.; Fischer, Krista; Flores, Eric Monterubio; Föger, Bernhard; Foo, Leng Huat; Forslund, Ann Sofie; Forsner, Maria; Fortmann, Stephen P.; Fouad, Heba M.; Francis, Damian K.; Do Carmo Franco, Maria; Franco, Oscar H.; Frontera, Guillermo; Fuchs, Flavio D.; Fuchs, Sandra C.; Fujita, Yuki; Furusawa, Takuro; Gaciong, Zbigniew; Gafencu, Mihai; Gareta, Dickman; Garnett, Sarah P.; Gaspoz, Jean Michel; Gasull, Magda; Gates, Louise; Geleijnse, Johanna M.; Ghasemian, Anoosheh; Giampaoli, Simona; Gianfagna, Francesco; Giovannelli, Jonathan; Giwercman, Aleksander; Goldsmith, Rebecca A.; Gonçalves, Helen; Gross, Marcela Gonzalez; González Rivas, Juan P.; Gorbea, Mariano Bonet; Gottrand, Frederic; Graff-Iversen, Sidsel; Grafnetter, Dušan; Grajda, Aneta; Grammatikopoulou, Maria G.; Gregor, Ronald D.; Grodzicki, Tomasz; Grøntved, Anders; Gruden, Grabriella; Grujic, Vera; Gu, Dongfeng; Gualdi-Russo, Emanuela; Guan, Ong Peng; Gudnason, Vilmundur; Guerrero, Ramiro; Guessous, Idris; Guimaraes, Andre L.; Gulliford, Martin C.; Gunnlaugsdottir, Johanna; Gunter, Marc; Guo, Xiuhua; Guo, Yin; Gupta, Prakash C.; Gureje, Oye; Gurzkowska, Beata; Gutierrez, Laura; Gutzwiller, Felix; Halkjær, Jytte; Hambleton, Ian R.; Hardy, Rebecca; Kumar, Rachakulla Hari; Hata, Jun; Hayes, Alison J.; He, Jiang; Hendriks, Marleen Elisabeth; Cadena, Leticia Hernandez; Herrala, Sauli; Heshmat, Ramin; Hihtaniemi, Ilpo Tapani; Ho, Sai Yin; Ho, Suzanne C.; Hobbs, Michael; Hofman, Albert; Hormiga, Claudia M.; Horta, Bernardo L.; Houti, Leila; Howitt, Christina; Htay, Thein Thein; Htet, Aung Soe; Htike, Maung Maung Than; Hu, Yonghua; Husseini, Abdullatif; Huu, Chinh Nguyen; Huybrechts, Inge; Hwalla, Nahla; Iacoviello, Licia; Iannone, Anna G.; Ibrahim, Mohsen M.; Ikeda, Nayu; Arfan Ikram, M.; Irazola, Vilma E.; Islam, Muhammad; Ivkovic, Vanja; Iwasaki, Masanori; Jackson, Rod T.; Jacobs, Jeremy M.; Jafar, Tazeen; Jamil, Kazi M.; Jamrozik, Konrad; Janszky, Imre; Jasienska, Grazyna; Jelakovic, Bojan; Jiang, Chao Qiang; Joffres, Michel; Johansson, Mattias; Jonas, Jost B.; Jørgensen, Torben; Joshi, Pradeep; Juolevi, Anne; Jurak, Gregor; Jureša, Vesna; Kaaks, Rudolf; Kafatos, Anthony; Kalter-Leibovici, Ofra; Kapantais, Efthymios; Kasaeian, Amir; Katz, Joanne; Kaur, Prabhdeep; Kavousi, Maryam; Keil, Ulrich; Boker, Lital Keinan; Keinänen-Kiukaanniemi, Sirkka; Kelishadi, Roya; Kemper, Han C G; Kengne, Andre P.; Kersting, Mathilde; Key, Timothy; Khader, Yousef Saleh; Khalili, Davood; Khang, Young Ho; Khaw, Kay Tee H; Khouw, Ilse M S L; Kiechl, Stefan; Killewo, Japhet; Kim, Jeongseon; Klimont, Jeannette; Klumbiene, Jurate; Koirala, Bhawesh; Kolle, Elin; Kolsteren, Patrick; Korrovits, Paul; Koskinen, Seppo; Kouda, Katsuyasu; Koziel, Slawomir; Kratzer, Wolfgang; Krokstad, Steinar; Kromhout, Daan; Kruger, Herculina S.; Kubinova, Ruzena; Kujala, Urho M.; Kula, Krzysztof; Kulaga, Zbigniew; Krishna Kumar, R.; Kurjata, Pawel; Kusuma, Yadlapalli S.; Kuulasmaa, Kari; Kyobutungi, Catherine; Laamiri, Fatima Zahra; Laatikainen, Tiina; Lachat, Carl; Laid, Youcef; Lam, Tai Hing; Landrove, Orlando; Lanska, Vera; Lappas, Georg; Larijani, Bagher; Laugsand, Lars E.; Bao, Khanh Le Nguyen; Le, Tuyen D.; Leclercq, Catherine; Lee, Jeannette; Lee, Jeonghee; Lehtimäki, Terho; Lekhraj, Rampal; León-Muñoz, Luz M.; Li, Yanping; Lilly, Christa L.; Lim, Wei Yen; Fernanda Lima-Costa, M.; Lin, Hsien Ho; Lin, Xu; Linneberg, Allan; Lissner, Lauren; Litwin, Mieczyslaw; Liu, Jing; Lorbeer, Roberto; Lotufo, Paulo A.; Lozano, José Eugenio; Luksiene, Dalia; Lundqvist, Annamari; Lunet, Nuno; Lytsy, Per; Ma, Guansheng; Ma, Jun; Machado-Coelho, George L L; Machi, Suka; Maggi, Stefania; Magliano, Dianna J.; Maire, Bernard; Makdisse, Marcia; Malekzadeh, Reza; Malhotra, Rahul; Rao, Kodavanti Mallikharjuna; Malyutina, Sofia; Manios, Yannis; Mann, Jim I.; Manzato, Enzo; Margozzini, Paula; Markey, Oonagh; Marques-Vidal, Pedro; Marrugat, Jaume; Martin-Prevel, Yves; Martorell, Reynaldo; Masoodi, Shariq R.; Mathiesen, Ellisiv B.; Matsha, Tandi E.; Mazur, Artur; Mbanya, Jean Claude N; McFarlane, Shelly R.; McGarvey, Stephen T.; McKee, Martin; McLachlan, Stela; McLean, Rachael M.; McNulty, Breige A.; Yusof, Safiah Md; Mediene-Benchekor, Sounnia; Meirhaeghe, Aline; Meisinger, Christa; Menezes, Ana Maria B; Mensink, Gert B M; Meshram, Indrapal I.; Metspalu, Andres; Mi, Jie; Michaelsen, Kim F.; Mikkel, Kairit; Miller, Jody C.; Miquel, Juan Francisco; Jaime Miranda, J.; Mišigoj-Durakovic, Marjeta; Mohamed, Mostafa K.; Mohammad, Kazem; Mohammadifard, Noushin; Mohan, Viswanathan; Yusoff, Muhammad Fadhli Mohd; Molbo, Drude; Møller, Niels C.; Molnár, Dénes; Mondo, Charles K.; Monterrubio, Eric A.; Monyeki, Kotsedi Daniel K; Moreira, Leila B.; Morejon, Alain; Moreno, Luis A.; Morgan, Karen; Mortensen, Erik Lykke; Moschonis, George; Mossakowska, Malgorzata; Mostafa, Aya; Mota, Jorge; Motlagh, Mohammad Esmaeel; Motta, Jorge; Mu, Thet Thet; Muiesan, Maria Lorenza; Müller-Nurasyid, Martina; Murphy, Neil; Mursu, Jaakko; Murtagh, Elaine M.; Musa, Kamarul Imran; Musil, Vera; Nagel, Gabriele; Nakamura, Harunobu; Námešná, Jana; Nang, Ei Ei K; Nangia, Vinay B.; Nankap, Martin; Narake, Sameer; Navarrete-Muñoz, Eva Maria; Neal, William A.; Nenko, Ilona; Neovius, Martin; Nervi, Flavio; Neuhauser, Hannelore K.; Nguyen, Nguyen D.; Nguyen, Quang Ngoc; Nieto-Martínez, Ramfis E.; Ning, Guang; Ninomiya, Toshiharu; Nishtar, Sania; Noale, Marianna; Norat, Teresa; Noto, Davide; Nsour, Mohannad Al; O’Reilly, Dermot; Oh, Kyungwon; Olayan, Iman H.; Olinto, Maria Teresa Anselmo; Oltarzewski, Maciej; Omar, Mohd A.; Onat, Altan; Ordunez, Pedro; Ortiz, Ana P.; Osler, Merete; Osmond, Clive; Ostojic, Sergej M.; Otero, Johanna A.; Overvad, Kim; Owusu-Dabo, Ellis; Paccaud, Fred Michel; Padez, Cristina; Pahomova, Elena; Pajak, Andrzej; Palli, Domenico; Palloni, Alberto; Palmieri, Luigi; Panda-Jonas, Songhomitra; Panza, Francesco; Parnell, Winsome R.; Parsaeian, Mahboubeh; Pecin, Ivan; Pednekar, Mangesh S.; Peeters, Petra H.; Peixoto, Sergio Viana; Peltonen, Markku; Pereira, Alexandre C.; Pérez, Cynthia M.; Peters, Annette; Petkeviciene, Janina; Peykari, Niloofar; Pham, Son Thai; Pigeot, Iris; Pikhart, Hynek; Pilav, Aida; Pilotto, Lorenza; Pistelli, Francesco; Pitakaka, Freda; Piwonska, Aleksandra; Plans-Rubió, Pedro; Poh, Bee Koon; Porta, Miquel; Portegies, Marileen L P; Poulimeneas, Dimitrios; Pradeepa, Rajendra; Prashant, Mathur; Price, Jacqueline F.; Puiu, Maria; Punab, Margus; Qasrawi, Radwan F.; Qorbani, Mostafa; Bao, Tran Quoc; Radic, Ivana; Radisauskas, Ricardas; Rahman, Mah mudur; Raitakari, Olli; Raj, Manu; Rao, Sudha Ramachandra; Ramachandran, Ambady; Ramke, Jacqueline; Ramos, Rafel; Rampal, Sanjay; Rasmussen, Finn; Redon, Josep; Reganit, Paul Ferdinand M; Ribeiro, Robespierre; Riboli, Elio; Rigo, Fernando; Rinke de Wit, Tobias F.; Ritti-Dias, Raphael M.; Rivera, Juan A.; Robinson, Sian M.; Robitaille, Cynthia; Rodríguez-Artalejo, Fernando; Del Cristo Rodriguez-Perez, María; Rodríguez-Villamizar, Laura A.; Rojas-Martinez, Rosalba; Rojroong-Wasinkul, Nipa; Romaguera, Dora; Ronkainen, Kimmo; Rosengren, Annika; Rouse, Ian; Rubinstein, Adolfo; Rühli, Frank J.; Rui, Ornelas; Ruiz-Betancourt, Blanca Sandra; Russo Horimoto, Andrea R V; Rutkowski, Marcin; Sabanayagam, Charumathi; Sachdev, Harshpal S.; Saidi, Olfa; Salanave, Benoit; Martinez, Eduardo Salazar; Salomaa, Veikko; Salonen, Jukka T.; Salvetti, Massimo; Sánchez-Abanto, Jose; Sandjaja; Sans, Susana; Santos, Diana A.; Santos, Osvaldo; Dos Santos, Renata Nunes; Santos, Rute; Saramies, Jouko L.; Sardinha, Luis B.; Sarrafzadegan, Nizal; Saum, Kai Uwe; Savva, Savvas C.; Scazufca, Marcia; Rosario, Angelika Schaffrath; Schargrodsky, Herman; Schienkiewitz, Anja; Schmidt, Ida Maria; Schneider, Ione J.; Schultsz, Constance; Schutte, Aletta E.; Sein, Aye Aye; Sen, Abhijit; Senbanjo, Idowu O.; Sepanlou, Sadaf G.; Shalnova, Svetlana A.; Sharma, Sanjib K.; Shaw, Jonathan E.; Shibuya, Kenji; Shin, Dong Wook; Shin, Youchan; Shiri, Rahman; Siantar, Rosalynn; Sibai, Abla M.; Silva, Antonio M.; Silva, Diego Augusto Santos; Simon, Mary; Simons, Judith; Simons, Leon A.; Sjostrom, Michael; Slowikowska-Hilczer, Jolanta; Slusarczyk, Przemyslaw; Smeeth, Liam; Smith, Margaret C.; Snijder, Marieke B.; So, Hung Kwan; Sobngwi, Eugène; Söderberg, Stefan; Soekatri, Moesijanti Y E; Solfrizzi, Vincenzo; Sonestedt, Emily; Song, Yi; Sørensen, Thorkild I A; Soric, Maroje; Jérome, Charles Sossa; Soumare, Aicha; Staessen, Jan A.; Starc, Gregor; Stathopoulou, Maria G.; Staub, Kaspar; Stavreski, Bill; Steene-Johannessen, Jostein; Stehle, Peter; Stein, Aryeh D.; Stergiou, George S.; Stessman, Jochanan; Stieber, Jutta; Stöckl, Doris; Stocks, Tanja; Stokwiszewski, Jakub; Stratton, Gareth; Stronks, Karien; Strufaldi, Maria Wany; Sun, Chien An; Sundström, Johan; Sung, Yn Tz; Sunyer, Jordi; Suriyawongpaisal, Paibul; Swinburn, Boyd A.; Sy, Rody G.; Szponar, Lucjan; Shyong Tai, E.; Tammesoo, Mari Liis; Tamosiunas, Abdonas; Tang, Line; Tang, Xun; Tanser, Frank; Tao, Yong; Tarawneh, Mohammed Rasoul; Tarp, Jakob; Tarqui-Mamani, Carolina B.; Taylor, Anne; Tchibindat, Félicité; Theobald, Holger; Thijs, Lutgarde; Thuesen, Betina H.; Tjonneland, Anne; Tolonen, Hanna K.; Tolstrup, Janne S.; Topbas, Murat; Topór-Madry, Roman; Torrent, Maties; Toselli, Stefania; Traissac, Pierre; Trichopoulou, Antonia; Trichopoulos, Dimitrios; Trinh, Oanh T H; Trivedi, Atul; Tshepo, Lechaba; Tulloch-Reid, Marshall K.; Tuomainen, Tomi Pekka; Tuomilehto, Jaakko; Turley, Maria L.; Tynelius, Per; Tzotzas, Themistoklis; Tzourio, Christophe; Ueda, Peter; Ukoli, Flora A M; Ulmer, Hanno; Unal, Belgin; Uusitalo, Hannu M T; Valdivia, Gonzalo; Vale, Susana; Valvi, Damaskini; van der Schouw, Yvonne T.; Van Herck, Koen; Van Minh, Hoang; van Rossem, Lenie; van Valkengoed, Irene G M; Vanderschueren, Dirk; Vanuzzo, Diego; Vatten, Lars; Vega, Tomas; Velasquez-Melendez, Gustavo; Veronesi, Giovanni; Monique Verschuren, W. M.; Verstraeten, Roosmarijn; Victora, Cesar G.; Viegi, Giovanni; Viet, Lucie; Viikari-Juntura, Eira; Vineis, Paolo; Vioque, Jesus; Virtanen, Jyrki K.; Visvikis-Siest, Sophie; Viswanathan, Bharathi; Vollenweider, Peter; Voutilainen, Sari; Vrdoljak, Ana; Vrijheid, Martine; Wade, Alisha N.; Wagner, Aline; Walton, Janette; Mohamud, Wan Nazaimoon Wan; Wang, Ming Dong; Wang, Qian; Wang, Ya Xing; Goya Wannamethee, S.; Wareham, Nicholas; Weerasekera, Deepa; Whincup, Peter H.; Widhalm, Kurt; Widyahening, Indah S.; Wiecek, Andrzej; Wijga, Alet H.; Wilks, Rainford J.; Willeit, Johann; Wilsgaard, Tom; Wojtyniak, Bogdan; Wong, Jyh Eiin; Wong, Tien Yin; Woo, Jean; Woodward, Mark; Wu, Frederick C.; Wu, Jianfeng; Wu, Shou Ling; Xu, Haiquan; Xu, Liang; Yamborisut, Uruwan; Yan, Weili; Yang, Xiaoguang; Yardim, Nazan; Ye, Xingwang; Yiallouros, Panayiotis K.; Yoshihara, Akihiro; You, Qi Sheng; Younger-Coleman, Novie O.; Yusoff, Ahmad F.; Zainuddin, Ahmad A.; Zambon, Sabina; Zdrojewski, Tomasz; Zeng, Yi; Zhao, Dong; Zhao, Wenhua; Zheng, Yingfeng.

In: eLife, Vol. 5, No. 2016JULY, e13410, 26.07.2016.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - A century of trends in adult human height

AU - Bentham, James

AU - Di Cesare, Mariachiara

AU - Stevens, Gretchen A.

AU - Zhou, Bin

AU - Bixby, Honor

AU - Cowan, Melanie

AU - Fortunato, Léa

AU - Bennett, James E.

AU - Danaei, Goodarz

AU - Hajifathalian, Kaveh

AU - Lu, Yuan

AU - Riley, Leanne M.

AU - Laxmaiah, Avula

AU - Kontis, Vasilis

AU - Paciorek, Christopher J.

AU - Ezzati, Majid

AU - Abdeen, Ziad A.

AU - Hamid, Zargar Abdul

AU - Abu-Rmeileh, Niveen M.

AU - Acosta-Cazares, Benjamin

AU - Adams, Robert

AU - Aekplakorn, Wichai

AU - Aguilar-Salinas, Carlos A.

AU - Agyemang, Charles

AU - Ahmadvand, Alireza

AU - Ahrens, Wolfgang

AU - Al-Hazzaa, Hazzaa M.

AU - Al-Othman, Amani Rashed

AU - Raddadi, Rajaa Al

AU - Ali, Mohamed M.

AU - Alkerwi, Ala’a

AU - Alvarez-Pedrerol, Mar

AU - Aly, Eman

AU - Amouyel, Philippe

AU - Amuzu, Antoinette

AU - Andersen, Lars Bo

AU - Anderssen, Sigmund A.

AU - Anjana, Ranjit Mohan

AU - Aounallah-Skhiri, Hajer

AU - Ariansen, Inger

AU - Aris, Tahir

AU - Arlappa, Nimmathota

AU - Arveiler, Dominique

AU - Assah, Felix K.

AU - Avdicová, Mária

AU - Azizi, Fereidoun

AU - Babu, Bontha V.

AU - Bahijri, Suhad

AU - Balakrishna, Nagalla

AU - Bandosz, Piotr

AU - Banegas, José R.

AU - Barbagallo, Carlo M.

AU - Barceló, Alberto

AU - Barkat, Amina

AU - Barros, Mauro V.

AU - Bata, Iqbal

AU - Batieha, Anwar M.

AU - Batista, Rosangela L.

AU - Baur, Louise A.

AU - Beaglehole, Robert

AU - Romdhane, Habiba Ben

AU - Benet, Mikhail

AU - Bernabe-Ortiz, Antonio

AU - Bernotiene, Gailute

AU - Bettiol, Heloisa

AU - Bhagyalaxmi, Aroor

AU - Bharadwaj, Sumit

AU - Bhargava, Santosh K.

AU - Bhatti, Zaid

AU - Bhutta, Zulfiqar A.

AU - Bi, Hongsheng

AU - Bi, Yufang

AU - Bjerregaard, Peter

AU - Bjertness, Espen

AU - Bjertness, Marius B.

AU - Björkelund, Cecilia

AU - Blokstra, Anneke

AU - Bo, Simona

AU - Bobak, Martin

AU - Boddy, Lynne M.

AU - Boehm, Bernhard O.

AU - Boeing, Heiner

AU - Boissonnet, Carlos P.

AU - Bongard, Vanina

AU - Bovet, Pascal

AU - Braeckman, Lutgart

AU - Bragt, Marjolijn C E

AU - Brajkovich, Imperia

AU - Branca, Francesco

AU - Breckenkamp, Juergen

AU - Brenner, Hermann

AU - Brewster, Lizzy M.

AU - Brian, Garry R.

AU - Bruno, Graziella

AU - Bueno-de-Mesquita, H. Bas

AU - Bugge, Anna

AU - Burns, Con

AU - De León, Antonio Cabrera

AU - Cacciottolo, Joseph

AU - Cama, Tilema

AU - Cameron, Christine

AU - Camolas, José

AU - Can, Günay

AU - Cândido, Ana Paula C

AU - Capuano, Vincenzo

AU - Cardoso, Viviane C.

AU - Carlsson, Axel C.

AU - Carvalho, Maria J.

AU - Casanueva, Felipe F.

AU - Casas, Juan Pablo

AU - Caserta, Carmelo A.

AU - Chamukuttan, Snehalatha

AU - Chan, Angelique W.

AU - Chan, Queenie

AU - Chaturvedi, Himanshu K.

AU - Chaturvedi, Nishi

AU - Chen, Chien Jen

AU - Chen, Fangfang

AU - Chen, Huashuai

AU - Chen, Shuohua

AU - Chen, Zhengming

AU - Cheng, Ching Yu

AU - Chetrit, Angela

AU - Chiolero, Arnaud

AU - Chiou, Shu Ti

AU - Chirita-Emandi, Adela

AU - Cho, Belong

AU - Cho, Yumi

AU - Christensen, Kaare

AU - Chudek, Jerzy

AU - Cifkova, Renata

AU - Claessens, Frank

AU - Clays, Els

AU - Concin, Hans

AU - Cooper, Cyrus

AU - Cooper, Rachel

AU - Coppinger, Tara C.

AU - Costanzo, Simona

AU - Cottel, Dominique

AU - Cowell, Chris

AU - Craig, Cora L.

AU - Crujeiras, Ana B.

AU - D’Arrigo, Graziella

AU - d’Orsi, Eleonora

AU - Dallongeville, Jean

AU - Damasceno, Albertino

AU - Damsgaard, Camilla T.

AU - Dankner, Rachel

AU - Dauchet, Luc

AU - De Backer, Guy

AU - De Bacquer, Dirk

AU - de Gaetano, Giovanni

AU - De Henauw, Stefaan

AU - De Smedt, Delphine

AU - Deepa, Mohan

AU - Deev, Alexander D.

AU - Dehghan, Abbas

AU - Delisle, Hélène

AU - Delpeuch, Francis

AU - Deschamps, Valérie

AU - Dhana, Klodian

AU - Di Castelnuovo, Augusto F.

AU - Dias-da-Costa, Juvenal Soares

AU - Diaz, Alejandro

AU - Djalalinia, Shirin

AU - Do, Ha T P

AU - Dobson, Annette J.

AU - Donfrancesco, Chiara

AU - Donoso, Silvana P.

AU - Döring, Angela

AU - Doua, Kouamelan

AU - Drygas, Wojciech

AU - Dzerve, Vilnis

AU - Egbagbe, Eruke E.

AU - Eggertsen, Robert

AU - Ekelund, Ulf

AU - El Ati, Jalila

AU - Elliott, Paul

AU - Engle-Stone, Reina

AU - Erasmus, Rajiv T.

AU - Erem, Cihangir

AU - Eriksen, Louise

AU - Escobedo-de la Peña, Jorge

AU - Evans, Alun

AU - Faeh, David

AU - Fall, Caroline H.

AU - Farzadfar, Farshad

AU - Felix-Redondo, Francisco J.

AU - Ferguson, Trevor S.

AU - Fernández-Bergés, Daniel

AU - Ferrante, Daniel

AU - Ferrari, Marika

AU - Ferreccio, Catterina

AU - Ferrieres, Jean

AU - Finn, Joseph D.

AU - Fischer, Krista

AU - Flores, Eric Monterubio

AU - Föger, Bernhard

AU - Foo, Leng Huat

AU - Forslund, Ann Sofie

AU - Forsner, Maria

AU - Fortmann, Stephen P.

AU - Fouad, Heba M.

AU - Francis, Damian K.

AU - Do Carmo Franco, Maria

AU - Franco, Oscar H.

AU - Frontera, Guillermo

AU - Fuchs, Flavio D.

AU - Fuchs, Sandra C.

AU - Fujita, Yuki

AU - Furusawa, Takuro

AU - Gaciong, Zbigniew

AU - Gafencu, Mihai

AU - Gareta, Dickman

AU - Garnett, Sarah P.

AU - Gaspoz, Jean Michel

AU - Gasull, Magda

AU - Gates, Louise

AU - Geleijnse, Johanna M.

AU - Ghasemian, Anoosheh

AU - Giampaoli, Simona

AU - Gianfagna, Francesco

AU - Giovannelli, Jonathan

AU - Giwercman, Aleksander

AU - Goldsmith, Rebecca A.

AU - Gonçalves, Helen

AU - Gross, Marcela Gonzalez

AU - González Rivas, Juan P.

AU - Gorbea, Mariano Bonet

AU - Gottrand, Frederic

AU - Graff-Iversen, Sidsel

AU - Grafnetter, Dušan

AU - Grajda, Aneta

AU - Grammatikopoulou, Maria G.

AU - Gregor, Ronald D.

AU - Grodzicki, Tomasz

AU - Grøntved, Anders

AU - Gruden, Grabriella

AU - Grujic, Vera

AU - Gu, Dongfeng

AU - Gualdi-Russo, Emanuela

AU - Guan, Ong Peng

AU - Gudnason, Vilmundur

AU - Guerrero, Ramiro

AU - Guessous, Idris

AU - Guimaraes, Andre L.

AU - Gulliford, Martin C.

AU - Gunnlaugsdottir, Johanna

AU - Gunter, Marc

AU - Guo, Xiuhua

AU - Guo, Yin

AU - Gupta, Prakash C.

AU - Gureje, Oye

AU - Gurzkowska, Beata

AU - Gutierrez, Laura

AU - Gutzwiller, Felix

AU - Halkjær, Jytte

AU - Hambleton, Ian R.

AU - Hardy, Rebecca

AU - Kumar, Rachakulla Hari

AU - Hata, Jun

AU - Hayes, Alison J.

AU - He, Jiang

AU - Hendriks, Marleen Elisabeth

AU - Cadena, Leticia Hernandez

AU - Herrala, Sauli

AU - Heshmat, Ramin

AU - Hihtaniemi, Ilpo Tapani

AU - Ho, Sai Yin

AU - Ho, Suzanne C.

AU - Hobbs, Michael

AU - Hofman, Albert

AU - Hormiga, Claudia M.

AU - Horta, Bernardo L.

AU - Houti, Leila

AU - Howitt, Christina

AU - Htay, Thein Thein

AU - Htet, Aung Soe

AU - Htike, Maung Maung Than

AU - Hu, Yonghua

AU - Husseini, Abdullatif

AU - Huu, Chinh Nguyen

AU - Huybrechts, Inge

AU - Hwalla, Nahla

AU - Iacoviello, Licia

AU - Iannone, Anna G.

AU - Ibrahim, Mohsen M.

AU - Ikeda, Nayu

AU - Arfan Ikram, M.

AU - Irazola, Vilma E.

AU - Islam, Muhammad

AU - Ivkovic, Vanja

AU - Iwasaki, Masanori

AU - Jackson, Rod T.

AU - Jacobs, Jeremy M.

AU - Jafar, Tazeen

AU - Jamil, Kazi M.

AU - Jamrozik, Konrad

AU - Janszky, Imre

AU - Jasienska, Grazyna

AU - Jelakovic, Bojan

AU - Jiang, Chao Qiang

AU - Joffres, Michel

AU - Johansson, Mattias

AU - Jonas, Jost B.

AU - Jørgensen, Torben

AU - Joshi, Pradeep

AU - Juolevi, Anne

AU - Jurak, Gregor

AU - Jureša, Vesna

AU - Kaaks, Rudolf

AU - Kafatos, Anthony

AU - Kalter-Leibovici, Ofra

AU - Kapantais, Efthymios

AU - Kasaeian, Amir

AU - Katz, Joanne

AU - Kaur, Prabhdeep

AU - Kavousi, Maryam

AU - Keil, Ulrich

AU - Boker, Lital Keinan

AU - Keinänen-Kiukaanniemi, Sirkka

AU - Kelishadi, Roya

AU - Kemper, Han C G

AU - Kengne, Andre P.

AU - Kersting, Mathilde

AU - Key, Timothy

AU - Khader, Yousef Saleh

AU - Khalili, Davood

AU - Khang, Young Ho

AU - Khaw, Kay Tee H

AU - Khouw, Ilse M S L

AU - Kiechl, Stefan

AU - Killewo, Japhet

AU - Kim, Jeongseon

AU - Klimont, Jeannette

AU - Klumbiene, Jurate

AU - Koirala, Bhawesh

AU - Kolle, Elin

AU - Kolsteren, Patrick

AU - Korrovits, Paul

AU - Koskinen, Seppo

AU - Kouda, Katsuyasu

AU - Koziel, Slawomir

AU - Kratzer, Wolfgang

AU - Krokstad, Steinar

AU - Kromhout, Daan

AU - Kruger, Herculina S.

AU - Kubinova, Ruzena

AU - Kujala, Urho M.

AU - Kula, Krzysztof

AU - Kulaga, Zbigniew

AU - Krishna Kumar, R.

AU - Kurjata, Pawel

AU - Kusuma, Yadlapalli S.

AU - Kuulasmaa, Kari

AU - Kyobutungi, Catherine

AU - Laamiri, Fatima Zahra

AU - Laatikainen, Tiina

AU - Lachat, Carl

AU - Laid, Youcef

AU - Lam, Tai Hing

AU - Landrove, Orlando

AU - Lanska, Vera

AU - Lappas, Georg

AU - Larijani, Bagher

AU - Laugsand, Lars E.

AU - Bao, Khanh Le Nguyen

AU - Le, Tuyen D.

AU - Leclercq, Catherine

AU - Lee, Jeannette

AU - Lee, Jeonghee

AU - Lehtimäki, Terho

AU - Lekhraj, Rampal

AU - León-Muñoz, Luz M.

AU - Li, Yanping

AU - Lilly, Christa L.

AU - Lim, Wei Yen

AU - Fernanda Lima-Costa, M.

AU - Lin, Hsien Ho

AU - Lin, Xu

AU - Linneberg, Allan

AU - Lissner, Lauren

AU - Litwin, Mieczyslaw

AU - Liu, Jing

AU - Lorbeer, Roberto

AU - Lotufo, Paulo A.

AU - Lozano, José Eugenio

AU - Luksiene, Dalia

AU - Lundqvist, Annamari

AU - Lunet, Nuno

AU - Lytsy, Per

AU - Ma, Guansheng

AU - Ma, Jun

AU - Machado-Coelho, George L L

AU - Machi, Suka

AU - Maggi, Stefania

AU - Magliano, Dianna J.

AU - Maire, Bernard

AU - Makdisse, Marcia

AU - Malekzadeh, Reza

AU - Malhotra, Rahul

AU - Rao, Kodavanti Mallikharjuna

AU - Malyutina, Sofia

AU - Manios, Yannis

AU - Mann, Jim I.

AU - Manzato, Enzo

AU - Margozzini, Paula

AU - Markey, Oonagh

AU - Marques-Vidal, Pedro

AU - Marrugat, Jaume

AU - Martin-Prevel, Yves

AU - Martorell, Reynaldo

AU - Masoodi, Shariq R.

AU - Mathiesen, Ellisiv B.

AU - Matsha, Tandi E.

AU - Mazur, Artur

AU - Mbanya, Jean Claude N

AU - McFarlane, Shelly R.

AU - McGarvey, Stephen T.

AU - McKee, Martin

AU - McLachlan, Stela

AU - McLean, Rachael M.

AU - McNulty, Breige A.

AU - Yusof, Safiah Md

AU - Mediene-Benchekor, Sounnia

AU - Meirhaeghe, Aline

AU - Meisinger, Christa

AU - Menezes, Ana Maria B

AU - Mensink, Gert B M

AU - Meshram, Indrapal I.

AU - Metspalu, Andres

AU - Mi, Jie

AU - Michaelsen, Kim F.

AU - Mikkel, Kairit

AU - Miller, Jody C.

AU - Miquel, Juan Francisco

AU - Jaime Miranda, J.

AU - Mišigoj-Durakovic, Marjeta

AU - Mohamed, Mostafa K.

AU - Mohammad, Kazem

AU - Mohammadifard, Noushin

AU - Mohan, Viswanathan

AU - Yusoff, Muhammad Fadhli Mohd

AU - Molbo, Drude

AU - Møller, Niels C.

AU - Molnár, Dénes

AU - Mondo, Charles K.

AU - Monterrubio, Eric A.

AU - Monyeki, Kotsedi Daniel K

AU - Moreira, Leila B.

AU - Morejon, Alain

AU - Moreno, Luis A.

AU - Morgan, Karen

AU - Mortensen, Erik Lykke

AU - Moschonis, George

AU - Mossakowska, Malgorzata

AU - Mostafa, Aya

AU - Mota, Jorge

AU - Motlagh, Mohammad Esmaeel

AU - Motta, Jorge

AU - Mu, Thet Thet

AU - Muiesan, Maria Lorenza

AU - Müller-Nurasyid, Martina

AU - Murphy, Neil

AU - Mursu, Jaakko

AU - Murtagh, Elaine M.

AU - Musa, Kamarul Imran

AU - Musil, Vera

AU - Nagel, Gabriele

AU - Nakamura, Harunobu

AU - Námešná, Jana

AU - Nang, Ei Ei K

AU - Nangia, Vinay B.

AU - Nankap, Martin

AU - Narake, Sameer

AU - Navarrete-Muñoz, Eva Maria

AU - Neal, William A.

AU - Nenko, Ilona

AU - Neovius, Martin

AU - Nervi, Flavio

AU - Neuhauser, Hannelore K.

AU - Nguyen, Nguyen D.

AU - Nguyen, Quang Ngoc

AU - Nieto-Martínez, Ramfis E.

AU - Ning, Guang

AU - Ninomiya, Toshiharu

AU - Nishtar, Sania

AU - Noale, Marianna

AU - Norat, Teresa

AU - Noto, Davide

AU - Nsour, Mohannad Al

AU - O’Reilly, Dermot

AU - Oh, Kyungwon

AU - Olayan, Iman H.

AU - Olinto, Maria Teresa Anselmo

AU - Oltarzewski, Maciej

AU - Omar, Mohd A.

AU - Onat, Altan

AU - Ordunez, Pedro

AU - Ortiz, Ana P.

AU - Osler, Merete

AU - Osmond, Clive

AU - Ostojic, Sergej M.

AU - Otero, Johanna A.

AU - Overvad, Kim

AU - Owusu-Dabo, Ellis

AU - Paccaud, Fred Michel

AU - Padez, Cristina

AU - Pahomova, Elena

AU - Pajak, Andrzej

AU - Palli, Domenico

AU - Palloni, Alberto

AU - Palmieri, Luigi

AU - Panda-Jonas, Songhomitra

AU - Panza, Francesco

AU - Parnell, Winsome R.

AU - Parsaeian, Mahboubeh

AU - Pecin, Ivan

AU - Pednekar, Mangesh S.

AU - Peeters, Petra H.

AU - Peixoto, Sergio Viana

AU - Peltonen, Markku

AU - Pereira, Alexandre C.

AU - Pérez, Cynthia M.

AU - Peters, Annette

AU - Petkeviciene, Janina

AU - Peykari, Niloofar

AU - Pham, Son Thai

AU - Pigeot, Iris

AU - Pikhart, Hynek

AU - Pilav, Aida

AU - Pilotto, Lorenza

AU - Pistelli, Francesco

AU - Pitakaka, Freda

AU - Piwonska, Aleksandra

AU - Plans-Rubió, Pedro

AU - Poh, Bee Koon

AU - Porta, Miquel

AU - Portegies, Marileen L P

AU - Poulimeneas, Dimitrios

AU - Pradeepa, Rajendra

AU - Prashant, Mathur

AU - Price, Jacqueline F.

AU - Puiu, Maria

AU - Punab, Margus

AU - Qasrawi, Radwan F.

AU - Qorbani, Mostafa

AU - Bao, Tran Quoc

AU - Radic, Ivana

AU - Radisauskas, Ricardas

AU - Rahman, Mah mudur

AU - Raitakari, Olli

AU - Raj, Manu

AU - Rao, Sudha Ramachandra

AU - Ramachandran, Ambady

AU - Ramke, Jacqueline

AU - Ramos, Rafel

AU - Rampal, Sanjay

AU - Rasmussen, Finn

AU - Redon, Josep

AU - Reganit, Paul Ferdinand M

AU - Ribeiro, Robespierre

AU - Riboli, Elio

AU - Rigo, Fernando

AU - Rinke de Wit, Tobias F.

AU - Ritti-Dias, Raphael M.

AU - Rivera, Juan A.

AU - Robinson, Sian M.

AU - Robitaille, Cynthia

AU - Rodríguez-Artalejo, Fernando

AU - Del Cristo Rodriguez-Perez, María

AU - Rodríguez-Villamizar, Laura A.

AU - Rojas-Martinez, Rosalba

AU - Rojroong-Wasinkul, Nipa

AU - Romaguera, Dora

AU - Ronkainen, Kimmo

AU - Rosengren, Annika

AU - Rouse, Ian

AU - Rubinstein, Adolfo

AU - Rühli, Frank J.

AU - Rui, Ornelas

AU - Ruiz-Betancourt, Blanca Sandra

AU - Russo Horimoto, Andrea R V

AU - Rutkowski, Marcin

AU - Sabanayagam, Charumathi

AU - Sachdev, Harshpal S.

AU - Saidi, Olfa

AU - Salanave, Benoit

AU - Martinez, Eduardo Salazar

AU - Salomaa, Veikko

AU - Salonen, Jukka T.

AU - Salvetti, Massimo

AU - Sánchez-Abanto, Jose

AU - Sandjaja, null

AU - Sans, Susana

AU - Santos, Diana A.

AU - Santos, Osvaldo

AU - Dos Santos, Renata Nunes

AU - Santos, Rute

AU - Saramies, Jouko L.

AU - Sardinha, Luis B.

AU - Sarrafzadegan, Nizal

AU - Saum, Kai Uwe

AU - Savva, Savvas C.

AU - Scazufca, Marcia

AU - Rosario, Angelika Schaffrath

AU - Schargrodsky, Herman

AU - Schienkiewitz, Anja

AU - Schmidt, Ida Maria

AU - Schneider, Ione J.

AU - Schultsz, Constance

AU - Schutte, Aletta E.

AU - Sein, Aye Aye

AU - Sen, Abhijit

AU - Senbanjo, Idowu O.

AU - Sepanlou, Sadaf G.

AU - Shalnova, Svetlana A.

AU - Sharma, Sanjib K.

AU - Shaw, Jonathan E.

AU - Shibuya, Kenji

AU - Shin, Dong Wook

AU - Shin, Youchan

AU - Shiri, Rahman

AU - Siantar, Rosalynn

AU - Sibai, Abla M.

AU - Silva, Antonio M.

AU - Silva, Diego Augusto Santos

AU - Simon, Mary

AU - Simons, Judith

AU - Simons, Leon A.

AU - Sjostrom, Michael

AU - Slowikowska-Hilczer, Jolanta

AU - Slusarczyk, Przemyslaw

AU - Smeeth, Liam

AU - Smith, Margaret C.

AU - Snijder, Marieke B.

AU - So, Hung Kwan

AU - Sobngwi, Eugène

AU - Söderberg, Stefan

AU - Soekatri, Moesijanti Y E

AU - Solfrizzi, Vincenzo

AU - Sonestedt, Emily

AU - Song, Yi

AU - Sørensen, Thorkild I A

AU - Soric, Maroje

AU - Jérome, Charles Sossa

AU - Soumare, Aicha

AU - Staessen, Jan A.

AU - Starc, Gregor

AU - Stathopoulou, Maria G.

AU - Staub, Kaspar

AU - Stavreski, Bill

AU - Steene-Johannessen, Jostein

AU - Stehle, Peter

AU - Stein, Aryeh D.

AU - Stergiou, George S.

AU - Stessman, Jochanan

AU - Stieber, Jutta

AU - Stöckl, Doris

AU - Stocks, Tanja

AU - Stokwiszewski, Jakub

AU - Stratton, Gareth

AU - Stronks, Karien

AU - Strufaldi, Maria Wany

AU - Sun, Chien An

AU - Sundström, Johan

AU - Sung, Yn Tz

AU - Sunyer, Jordi

AU - Suriyawongpaisal, Paibul

AU - Swinburn, Boyd A.

AU - Sy, Rody G.

AU - Szponar, Lucjan

AU - Shyong Tai, E.

AU - Tammesoo, Mari Liis

AU - Tamosiunas, Abdonas

AU - Tang, Line

AU - Tang, Xun

AU - Tanser, Frank

AU - Tao, Yong

AU - Tarawneh, Mohammed Rasoul

AU - Tarp, Jakob

AU - Tarqui-Mamani, Carolina B.

AU - Taylor, Anne

AU - Tchibindat, Félicité

AU - Theobald, Holger

AU - Thijs, Lutgarde

AU - Thuesen, Betina H.

AU - Tjonneland, Anne

AU - Tolonen, Hanna K.

AU - Tolstrup, Janne S.

AU - Topbas, Murat

AU - Topór-Madry, Roman

AU - Torrent, Maties

AU - Toselli, Stefania

AU - Traissac, Pierre

AU - Trichopoulou, Antonia

AU - Trichopoulos, Dimitrios

AU - Trinh, Oanh T H

AU - Trivedi, Atul

AU - Tshepo, Lechaba

AU - Tulloch-Reid, Marshall K.

AU - Tuomainen, Tomi Pekka

AU - Tuomilehto, Jaakko

AU - Turley, Maria L.

AU - Tynelius, Per

AU - Tzotzas, Themistoklis

AU - Tzourio, Christophe

AU - Ueda, Peter

AU - Ukoli, Flora A M

AU - Ulmer, Hanno

AU - Unal, Belgin

AU - Uusitalo, Hannu M T

AU - Valdivia, Gonzalo

AU - Vale, Susana

AU - Valvi, Damaskini

AU - van der Schouw, Yvonne T.

AU - Van Herck, Koen

AU - Van Minh, Hoang

AU - van Rossem, Lenie

AU - van Valkengoed, Irene G M

AU - Vanderschueren, Dirk

AU - Vanuzzo, Diego

AU - Vatten, Lars

AU - Vega, Tomas

AU - Velasquez-Melendez, Gustavo

AU - Veronesi, Giovanni

AU - Monique Verschuren, W. M.

AU - Verstraeten, Roosmarijn

AU - Victora, Cesar G.

AU - Viegi, Giovanni

AU - Viet, Lucie

AU - Viikari-Juntura, Eira

AU - Vineis, Paolo

AU - Vioque, Jesus

AU - Virtanen, Jyrki K.

AU - Visvikis-Siest, Sophie

AU - Viswanathan, Bharathi

AU - Vollenweider, Peter

AU - Voutilainen, Sari

AU - Vrdoljak, Ana

AU - Vrijheid, Martine

AU - Wade, Alisha N.

AU - Wagner, Aline

AU - Walton, Janette

AU - Mohamud, Wan Nazaimoon Wan

AU - Wang, Ming Dong

AU - Wang, Qian

AU - Wang, Ya Xing

AU - Goya Wannamethee, S.

AU - Wareham, Nicholas

AU - Weerasekera, Deepa

AU - Whincup, Peter H.

AU - Widhalm, Kurt

AU - Widyahening, Indah S.

AU - Wiecek, Andrzej

AU - Wijga, Alet H.

AU - Wilks, Rainford J.

AU - Willeit, Johann

AU - Wilsgaard, Tom

AU - Wojtyniak, Bogdan

AU - Wong, Jyh Eiin

AU - Wong, Tien Yin

AU - Woo, Jean

AU - Woodward, Mark

AU - Wu, Frederick C.

AU - Wu, Jianfeng

AU - Wu, Shou Ling

AU - Xu, Haiquan

AU - Xu, Liang

AU - Yamborisut, Uruwan

AU - Yan, Weili

AU - Yang, Xiaoguang

AU - Yardim, Nazan

AU - Ye, Xingwang

AU - Yiallouros, Panayiotis K.

AU - Yoshihara, Akihiro

AU - You, Qi Sheng

AU - Younger-Coleman, Novie O.

AU - Yusoff, Ahmad F.

AU - Zainuddin, Ahmad A.

AU - Zambon, Sabina

AU - Zdrojewski, Tomasz

AU - Zeng, Yi

AU - Zhao, Dong

AU - Zhao, Wenhua

AU - Zheng, Yingfeng

PY - 2016/7/26

Y1 - 2016/7/26

N2 - Being taller is associated with enhanced longevity, and higher education and earnings. We reanalysed 1472 population-based studies, with measurement of height on more than 18.6 million participants to estimate mean height for people born between 1896 and 1996 in 200 countries. The largest gain in adult height over the past century has occurred in South Korean women and Iranian men, who became 20.2 cm (95% credible interval 17.5-22.7) and 16.5 cm (13.3- 19.7) taller, respectively. In contrast, there was little change in adult height in some sub-Saharan African countries and in South Asia over the century of analysis. The tallest people over these 100 years are men born in the Netherlands in the last quarter of 20th century, whose average heights surpassed 182.5 cm, and the shortest were women born in Guatemala in 1896 (140.3 cm; 135.8- 144.8). The height differential between the tallest and shortest populations was 19-20 cm a century ago, and has remained the same for women and increased for men a century later despite substantial changes in the ranking of countries.

AB - Being taller is associated with enhanced longevity, and higher education and earnings. We reanalysed 1472 population-based studies, with measurement of height on more than 18.6 million participants to estimate mean height for people born between 1896 and 1996 in 200 countries. The largest gain in adult height over the past century has occurred in South Korean women and Iranian men, who became 20.2 cm (95% credible interval 17.5-22.7) and 16.5 cm (13.3- 19.7) taller, respectively. In contrast, there was little change in adult height in some sub-Saharan African countries and in South Asia over the century of analysis. The tallest people over these 100 years are men born in the Netherlands in the last quarter of 20th century, whose average heights surpassed 182.5 cm, and the shortest were women born in Guatemala in 1896 (140.3 cm; 135.8- 144.8). The height differential between the tallest and shortest populations was 19-20 cm a century ago, and has remained the same for women and increased for men a century later despite substantial changes in the ranking of countries.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84979691929&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.7554/eLife.13410.001

DO - 10.7554/eLife.13410.001

M3 - Article

VL - 5

JO - eLife

JF - eLife

SN - 2050-084X

IS - 2016JULY

M1 - e13410

ER -

Bentham J, Di Cesare M, Stevens GA, Zhou B, Bixby H, Cowan M et al. A century of trends in adult human height. eLife. 2016 Jul 26;5(2016JULY). e13410. https://doi.org/10.7554/eLife.13410.001