80% Valley Polarization of Free Carriers in Singly Oriented Single-Layer WS2 on Au(111)

H Beyer, G Rohde, A Grubišić Čabo, A Stange, T Jacobsen, Luca Bignardi, D Lizzit, Paolo Lacovig, Charlotte E. Sanders, Silvano Lizzit, K Rossnagel, Philip Hofmann, M Bauer

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We employ time- and angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy to study the spin- and valley-selective photoexcitation and dynamics of free carriers at the ¯¯¯¯K and ¯¯¯¯K′ points in singly oriented single-layer WS2/Au(111). Our results reveal that in the valence band maximum an ultimate valley polarization of free holes of 84% can be achieved upon excitation with circularly polarized light at room temperature. Notably, we observe a significantly smaller valley polarization for the photoexcited free electrons in the conduction band minimum. Clear differences in the carrier dynamics between electrons and holes imply intervalley scattering processes into dark states being responsible for the efficient depolarization of the excited electron population.
Original languageEnglish
Article number236802
Number of pages6
JournalPhysical Review Letters
Issue number23
Publication statusPublished - 4 Dec 2019
Externally publishedYes

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