2,4,6-Trichlorophenyl acrylate emulsion-templated porous polymers (PolyHIPEs). Morphology and reactivity studies

Nermina Leber, Jonathan D.B. Fay, Neil R. Cameron, Peter Krajnc

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41 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A series of monolithic crosslinked polymers with 2,4,6-trichlorophenyl acrylate as a reactive component was prepared by free radical polymerization of the internal phases of high internal phase emulsions (HIPEs). The volume ratio of water to oil phase (void volume; 60-90%), crosslinker type (divinylbenzene or ethylenglycol dimethacrylate) and quantity (30-50 mol %) and type of porogenic solvent (chlorobenzene, toluene, chloroform, dichloroethane) were altered to study these effects on the structure and reactivity of the monolithic polymers. The polymer supports were characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), FTIR spectroscopy, elemental analysis and mercury intrusion porosimetry. SEM images revealed an open cellular structure with voids between 1 and 12 μm and window sizes between 0.3 and 3 μm. The porogen had an influence on the surface area, being larger with added porogen and the influence being highest with toluene. Adding toluene also influenced the void size, increasing the average diameter from ∼2 μm (no porogen) to ∼12 μm (added toluene). Monolithic supports were functionalized by reaction of the ester moieties with tris(2-aminoethyl)amine derivative and by hydrolysis of the ester groups to carboxylic acids.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4043-4053
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Polymer Science, Part A: Polymer Chemistry
Volume45
Issue number17
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sep 2007
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • 2,4,6-trichlorophenyl acrylate
  • Aryl acrylates
  • Emulsion polymerization
  • Emulsion templating
  • Functionalization of polymers
  • Macroporous polymers
  • Monoliths
  • Morphology
  • PolyHIPE
  • Polymer supports
  • Supports

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