10 design themes for creating 3D printed physical representations of physical activity data

Rohit Ashok Khot, Simon Stusak, Andreas Butz, Florian ‘Floyd’ Mueller

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference PaperResearchpeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)


Self-monitoring technologies (such as heart rate monitors and activity trackers) that sense and collect physical activity data are becoming increasingly common and readily available. These devices typically represent the captured data using numbers and graphs that primarily appear on digital screens. More recently, representing data in a physical form such as 3D printed physical artifacts is gaining currency within HCI, owing to the engagement opportunities that come with physical representations. However, there exists a limited understanding of how to design such physical representations of personal data. To contribute to this understanding, we present a set of ten design themes, developed from the analysis of two independently designed systems that construct 3D printed physical artifacts from physical activity data. Each design theme describes a unique design feature that designers could incorporate in their design to make physical representations more engaging and playful. We envisage that our work would encourage and guide designers to think about different ways of supporting physical activity experiences.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationHuman-Computer Interaction – INTERACT 2017
Subtitle of host publication16th IFIP TC 13 International Conference Mumbai, India, September 25–29, 2017 Proceedings, Part IV
EditorsRegina Bernhaupt, Girish Dalvi, Anirudha Joshi, Devanuj K. Balkrishan, Jacki O'Neill, Marco Winckler
Place of PublicationCham Switzerland
Number of pages21
ISBN (Electronic)9783319680590
ISBN (Print)9783319680583
Publication statusPublished - 2017
Externally publishedYes
EventIFIP TC13 Conference on Human-Computer Interaction 2017 - Mumbai, India
Duration: 25 Sep 201729 Sep 2017
Conference number: 16th
https://link.springer.com/book/10.1007/978-3-319-67744-6 (Proceedings)

Publication series

NameLecture Notes in Computer Science
ISSN (Print)0302-9743
ISSN (Electronic)1611-3349


ConferenceIFIP TC13 Conference on Human-Computer Interaction 2017
Abbreviated titleINTERACT 2017
Internet address


  • 3D printing
  • Digital fabrication
  • Personal informatics
  • Physical exercise
  • Physical visualization
  • Quantified self
  • Self-monitoring

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