Background -β Adrenergic signaling is downregulated in the failing heart, and the significance of such change remains unclear. Methods and Results - To address the role of β-adrenergic dysfunction in heart failure (HF), aortic stenosis (AS) was induced in wild-type (WT) and transgenic (TG) mice with cardiac targeted overexpression of β2-adrenergic receptors (ARs), and animals were studied 9 weeks later. The extents of increase in systolic arterial pressure (P<0.01 versus controls), left ventricular (LV) hypertrophy (TG, 94±6 to 175±7 mg; WT, 110±6 to 168± 10 mg; both P<0.01), and expression of ANP mRNA were similar between TG and WT mice with AS. TG mice had higher incidences of premature death and critical illness due to heart failure (75% versus 23%), pleural effusion (81% versus 45%), and left atrial thrombosis (81% versus 36%, all P<0.05). A more extensive focal fibrosis was found in the hypertrophied LV of TG mice (P<0.05). These findings indicate a more severe LV dysfunction in TG mice. In sham-operated mice, LV dP/dt(max) and heart rate were markedly higher in TG than WT mice (both P<0.01). dP/dt(max) was lower in both AS groups than in sham-operated controls, and this tended to be more pronounced in TG than WT mice (-32±5% versus - 16±6%, P=0.059), although dP/dt(max) remained higher in TG than WT groups (P<0.05). Conclusions - Elevated cardiac β-adrenergic activity by β2-AR overexpression leads to functional deterioration after pressure overload.
- Heart failure
- Receptors, adrenergic, beta