α-tocopherol enhances the peroxidase activity of hemoglobin on phospholipid hydroperoxide

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Abstract

We have used direct separation of phospholipid hydroperoxide and phospholipid hydroxide by high performance liquid chromatography to examine the phospholipid hydroperoxide peroxidase activity of hemoglobin (Hb) in the presence of hydrogen donors. Hb exhibits phospholipid hydroperoxide peroxidase activity and rapidly breaks down phospholipid hydroperoxide to thiobarbituric acid-reactive substances. However, in the presence of α-tocopherol, some phospholipid hydroperoxide is converted to phospholipid hydroxide, which is more stable than the hydroperoxide and is much less reactive with thiobarbituric acid. Other electron donors such as glutathione and ascorbate are less effective than α-tocopherol. Free cysteine also shows some ability to reduce phospholipid hydroperoxides to corresponding hydroxides, but cys-93β of Hb did not participate in the reaction, as shown by N-ethylmaleimide modification. Hemin alone catalysed the reaction, in the absence of protein. The results therefore show that Hb catalyses an apparent phospholipid hydroperoxide α-tocopherol peroxidase reaction due to bound hemin, and that the reduction depends on the ability of hydrogen donors to react with the intermediate phospholipid alkoxyl radical and does not involve reduction by deprotonated sulfhydryl groups.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)325-330
Number of pages6
JournalRedox Report
Volume3
Issue number5-6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 1997
Externally publishedYes

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